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159 Cards in this Set

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Addison’s
Autoimmune (2nd – infection)
Acute MI - children
Kawasaki disease
Aneurysm
Abdominal aorta
artery in Aneurysm of Circle of Willis
Anterior Communicating artery

(causing bitemporal hemianopsia)
None
AV fistula
Penetrating knife wound.
Blindness
Diabetic retinopathy
Blindness - preventable
Chlamydia
Breast Mass
Fibrocystic Change Carcinoma
(also the most common in post-menopausal women age group)
Bug in Acute Endocarditis
Staph aureus
Bug in Bacterial Arthritis in young Adults
Neisseria ghonorrhea
Bug in Bacterial Meningitis – elderly
Strep pneumoniae
Bug in Bacterial Meningitis – newborns
E. coli
Bug in Bacterial Meningitis – toddlers
Hib
Bug in Bacterial Meningitis – young adults
Neisseria meningitidis
Bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia pt
Klebsiella
Bug in Epiglottitis
H.influenza-b
Bug in food poisoning
Staph aureus
Bug in GI Tract
Bacteroides
(E. coli)
Bug in IV drug user bacteremia / pneumonia
Staph aureus
Bug in opportunistic infection of AIDS
CMV & Pneumocystis carinii is most common overall
Bug in PID
N. Gonnorrhoeae or Chlamydia
Bug in Pneumonia - Community - typical
(3 in order)
SIK of pneumonia
- Strep pneumoniae
- h. Influenza
- Klebsiella
Bug in Pneumonia - Hospital acquired
(3 in order)
- Klebsiella
- Psuedomonas
- E. coli
Bug in Pneumonia - Community - atypical
(2)
- Mycoplasma
- Legionella
Bug in Subacute Endocarditis
Strep Viridans
Cancer - Leukemia - <14 yo
ALL
Cancer - Leukemia - >60 yo
CLL
Cancer - Leukemia - 15 -39 yo
AML
Cancer - Leukemia - 40 - 60 yo
CML
(or AML)
Cancer in Gynecologic - malignancy
Endometrial Carcinoma
Cancer in Infancy - benign
Hemangioma
Cancer in Kids
Leukemia
Cancer in Men
Prostate CA
Tumor in Women
Leiomyoma (fibroids)
Cancer in Women - malignant
Breast CA
Cancer of the Adrenal Medulla– adults
Pheochromocytoma
Cancer of the Adrenal Medulla– kids
Neuroblastoma
Cancer of the Appendix
Carcinoid - rare metastasis
Cancer of the Bone
Metastases from Breast & Prostate
Cancer of the Bone - primary - adults
Multiple Myeloma
Cancer of the Brain– Child
Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Cancer of the Brain–Adult
Astrocytoma (including Glioblastoma Multiforme) then: mets, meningioma, Schwannoma
Cancer of the Breast - malignant
Infiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma
Cancer of the Connective Tissue -benign
Lipoma
Cancer of the Esophagus - benign
Leiomyoma
Cancer of the Esophagus
SCCA
Cancer of the Esophagus - malignant
SCC (60%) > adenocarcinoma (40%)
Cancer of the Heart - adults
Metastases
Cancer of the Heart - Primary– adults
Myxoma “Ball Valve”
Cancer of the Heart - Primary – infancy
Rhabdomyoma
Cancer of the Liver
Metastasis; lung > GI
Cancer of the Liver - benign
Cavernous hemangioma
Cancer of the liver - Primary
Hepatocellular CA
Cancer of the Mouth
SCC or Mucoepidermoid CA
Cancer of the Mouth - upper lip
Basal Cell CA
Cancer of the Nasal cavities
SCC
Cancer of the Ovary - benign
Serous cystadenoma
Cancer of the Ovary - malignant
Serous cystadenocarcinoma
Cancer of the Pancreas
Adeno (usually in the head)
Cancer of the Pituitary
Prolactinoma
Cancer of the Placenta - benign
Cavernous hemangioma
Cancer of the Salivary Glands
Pleimorphic Adenoma
None
Cancer of the Skin
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Cancer of the Small Bowel
Carcinoid - frequent metastasis from ileum
Cancer of the Spleen - benign
Cavernous hemangioma
Cancer of the Stomach
Gastric Adenocarcinoma; intestinal type or diffuse type
Cancer of the Testicles
Seminoma
Cancer of the Thyroid
Papillary Carcinoma
Cancer that invades the Female GU tract
Endometrial Adenocarcinoma
Cancer; malignant lymphoma in kids
Burkitt's lymphoma
Cancer; Site of metastasis
Regional Lymph Nodes
Cancer; Site of metastasis (2nd most common after LN)
Liver
Cancer;Genetic Alteration
p53
Cardiomyopathy
Dilated (Congestive) Cardiomyopathy
Carpal bone dislocation
Lunate
Carpal bone fx
Scaphoid
Chromosomal disorder
Down’s
Cirrhosis
Alcohol
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
21-Hydroxylase Deficiency
None
Congenital cardiac anomaly
VSD membranous > muscular
Congenital early cyanosis
Tetralogy of Fallot
Congenital GI anomaly
Meckel's diverticulum
artery affected in a Coronary Artery thrombosis
LAD
Cushings syndrome
Exogenous Steroid Therapy

(then, primary ACTH, Adrenal Adenoma, Ectopic ACTH)
None
Death in Alzheimer pts
Pneumonia
Death in Diabetics
MI
Death in HTN
(3 in order)
- MI
- stroke
- renal failure
Death in SLE pts.
Lupus Nephropathy Type IV (Diffuse Proliferative)
Death in USA
Ischemic Heart Disease
Dementia
Alzheimer’s
Demyelinating Disease
Multiple Sclerosis
Diarrhea - children
Rotavirus
Dietary Deficiency
Iron
Disk herniation
L4-L5
End-stage Renal Disease
Diabetes
Enzyme deficiency
21 hydroxylase - 95% of CAH
Fatal genetic defect in Caucasians
Cystic Fibrosis
Form of Amyloidosis
Immunologic Bence Jones protein in Multiple Myeloma

(also called: Amyloid Light Chain)
None
Form of Tularemia
Ulceroglandular
GI obstruction
(2)
- Adhesions
- Indirect inguinal hernia
Glomerulonephritis
IgA nephropathy aka Berger's
Heart Murmur
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis
Mitral
Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis in IV drug users
Tricuspid
Heart Valve involved in Rheumatic Fever
Mitral > Aortic
Hereditary Bleeding Disorder
Von Willebrand’s Disease
Hernia
Indirect
Hypercalcemia
hyperparathyroidism
Hyperparathyroidism - Primary
Adenomas
(followed by: hyperplasia, then carcinoma)
Hyperparathyroidism - Secondary
Hypocalcemia of Chronic Renal Failure
Hypertension
Essential (95%)
Hypertension - children
Renal disease; cystic disease, Wilm's tumor
Hypertension - young women
Oral contraceptives
Hyperthyroidism
Graves' Disease
Hypopituitarism - adults
Nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma
Hypopituitarism - kids
Craniopharyngioma
Hypothyroidism
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
place of Intussusception
terminal ileum into cecum
Liver Disease
Alcoholic Liver Disease
Liver infection
Viral Hepatitis - HVA
Location of Adult brain tumors
Above Tentorium
Location of Childhood brain tumors
Below Tentorium
Lysosomal Storage Disease
Gaucher’s
Mental retardation types
(3)
- Down’s
- Fragile X
- Fetal alcohol syndrome
Motor Neuron Disease
ALS
Myocarditis
Coxsackie B virus
Nephrotic Syndrome - adults
Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Nephrotic Syndrome - kids
Minimal Change Disease
Opportunistic infection in AIDS
PCP
Peripheral Neuropathy
Diabetes
Portal Hypertension
Cirrhosis
Protozoal Diarrhea
Giardia
Pulmonary HTN
COPD
Renal Failure
Acute tubular necrosis
Right Heart Failure
Left heart failure
Secondary Hypertension
Renal disease
Sexually transmitted disease
Chlamydia
SIADH
Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung
Single Gene Disorder
Thalassemia
Site of Diverticula
Sigmoid Colon
Sites of atherosclerosis
Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid
Surgical Emergency
Acute Appendicitis
Thyroid disease
Goiter
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
(upper and lower)
Lower esophagus : trachea
Upper esophagus : blind pouch
Type of Hodgkin’s
Nodular sclerosis
Type of Non-Hodgkin’s
Follicular, small cleaved
Vasculitis (of medium & small arteries)
Temporal Arteritis
Viral Encephalitis
HSV
Worm infection in US
(2)
- Pinworm
- Ascaris
endocarditis w/ prosthetic valves
S. epidermis
endocarditis due to chronic heart problems
Viridians strep
bug from a cat scratch
Bartonella
Fish tapeworm that causes B-12 deficiency
Diphyllobothrium Latum
(D. Latum)
Amyloid in the Kidney
Chronic disease
(Tuberculosis)
precursor to nasopharyngeal CA
EBV
first 3 possible presentations of CF and the age.
1. Meconium ileus - infancy
2. poor growth & fatty stool - toddler
3. increased respiratory infections - > 3 y/o
increased AST & ALT w/ ratio of AST:ALT < 1.5
viral hepatitis
increased AST & ALT w/ ratio pf AST:ALT > 1.5
alcoholic hepatitis
Increased Alkaline phosphatase
Biliary problem (cirrhosis)