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46 Cards in this Set

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what is unique to gram-positive organisms?

what does it induce?
Teichoic Acid

TNF and IL-1
what is unique to gram-negative organisms?

what does it induce?
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) / Endotoxin
(both considered the Outer Membrane)

TNF and IL-1
what bug has a D-glutamate capsule?
Bacillis Anthrax
what is a spore made of?
(2)
Keratin-like coat


Dipicolinic acid
in the bacterial growth curve, when is rapid cell division?
Log phase
Definition:

substance that binds directly to MHC-II and T-cell receptors activating a large number of T-cells to stimulate release of IL-1 and IL-2
Superantigen

(TSST-1 in S.aureus)

(SPE toxin in S.pyogenes - Scarlet fever)
(4) Bugs w/ A-B toxins
Corynebacterium diphtheria,

Vibrio,

E.coli,

B.pertussis
Bug that inactivates elongation factor EF-2
Corynebacterium diphtheria
what toxin in clostridium causes gas gangrene?
Alpha toxin
what NT does C.tetani block?
Glycine
what toxin cleaves host cell rRNA?

which Bugs use it?
(2)
Shiga Toxin

bugs:
Shigella,
E.coli
what does the following Neisseria ferment:

Meningococci

Gonococci
MeninGococci = Maltose and Glucose

Gonococci = Glucose
Pigment-producing Bug:

1. Blue-green

2. Red

3. Yellow
in alphabetical order:

Blue = Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

Red = Serratia

Yellow = Staph Aureus
(3)* Bugs that form spores
PAT the soil for spores:

c.Perfringens,

b.Anthrax,

c.Tetani
PAT the soil for spores
Catalase positive
Staph

(coagulase+ = Aureus)
(4)* Dx that Strep Pneumonae is MCC of.

what are they sensitive to?
MOPS:

Meningitis,
Otitis Media,
Pneumonia,
Sinusitis

MOPS are Most OPtochin Sensitive
MOPS
what Strep group lives in the mouth and is Optochin resistant?
Viridians

(not afraid Of-the-chin and are OP-TO-CHIN resistant)
which clostridia causes:

Diarrhea?

gas Gangrene?
DIarrhea = DIfficle

gas gangrene PERForates the leg = PERfringens
Dx:

vesicular papules covered w/ black eschar
Anthrax
Food poison bug:

poultry, meat and eggs
Salmonella
Food poison bug:

reheated meat dishes
Clostridium Perfringens
Food poison bug:

meats, mayo or custard
S.Aureus
MCC of swimmers ear
Pseudomonas
what types of chlamydia cause blindness in Africa and chronic infection?
Types A, B, C

Africa,
Blindness,
Chronic infection
term for asexual fungal spores
"Conidia"
Mycoses type from:

Desert or SW USA
Coccidioidomycosis
Mycoses type from:

Mississippi or Ohio river valley
Histoplasmosis
Mycoses type from:

East of Mississippi
Blastomycosis
which DNA virus is not dsDNA
(it is ssDNA)?
Parvovirus

("Part-of-a-virus")
what is the only dsRNA?
Reovirus

("Repeat-O-virus")
which virus class gets its envelope from the nuclear membrane versus the cytoplasmic membrane?
Herpesviruses
what are the (2) circular DNA viruses?
Papova

Hepadna
which DNA virus replicates in cytoplasm?
Poxvirus
MCC of global infantile gastroenteritis
ROTAvirus

Right Out of The Anus!
(2) Main causes of Meningitis in Newborn
Group B Strep,

E.coli
MCC of meningitis in children 6 mo - 6 yo
(2)
Strep Pneumonia

H.Influenzae
MCC of meningitis in 6 yo - 60 yo
N. Meningitis
MCC of meningitis > 60 yo
S. Pneumonia
infectious agents of TORCHES
ToRCHeS:

Toxoplasmosis,
Rubella,
CMV,
HSV,
Syphilis
Bug hints:

Pus, empyema, abscess
S.Aureus
Bug hints:

pediatric infection
H.influenzae
Bug hints:

Branching rods in oral infection
Actinomyces israelii
Bug hints:

traumatic open wound
C.perfringens
Bug hints:

surgical wound
S.Aureus
Bug hints:

Dog or Cat bite
Pasturella
Bug hints:

sepsis/meningitis in newborn
Group B strep