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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what cellular change is seen in the heart, liver and kidney in a patient with anemia?
fatty increase
how many X chromosomes do you need to see a barr body in tissues?
AT LEAST 2
Dx:
pale child w/ puffy face, pot-belly and enlarged tongue.
What is defivient?
Cretinism

Iodine deficiency
Dx:
neonate w/ nevi or port-wine stain on scalp or face, meningeal angiomatosis, may have seziures, hemiparesis or sensory change
Sturge-Weber
what chronic condition can long-term steroid use cause?
DM
what is the body's response to hypoglycemia if lipid sores are low?
epinepherine burst
(to stimulate gluconeogenesis)
reason for "natural" abortion in:
- 1st trimester
- 2nd
- 3rd
1 - chromosomal abnormality
2 - chorioamnionitis (also in 3rd)
3 - abrupto placenta
Ab against basement membrane of skin
bullous pemphigoid
benign thyroid w/ follicles
thyroid adenoma
where is Meckel's diverticulum?
distal ileum
Dx:
systolic ejection murmur, sustained apical pulse, loud S4,
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
cause of hypertrophy of the smooth muscle of the bladder?
impeding urinary flow
(BPH)
what opens a PDA?

closes a PDA?
NO-PC:

NSAIDs - opens

Prostaglandins - closes
what hormone promotes surfactant production?

Inhibits it?
Promotes - Glucocorticoids

Inhibits - Insulin
where is sinus in relation to eye:
- maxillary
- ehtmoid
- sphenoid
- M: under eye

- E: medial of eye

- S: posterior-medial
steps in the uric acid cycle
Ordinarily Careless Crappers Are Also Frivolous About Urination:
Ornithinine--Carbamoyl phosphate--Citruline--Aspartate--Argininosuccinate--Fumarate--Arginine--Urea
Dx:
mental retardation, osteoporosis, tall stature, kyphosis, lens subluxation
Homocystinuria
Dx:
too much cystine in the urine
Cystinuria
Dx:
self-mutilation, excess uric acid, aggression, retardation
Lesh-Nylan
Dx:
severe fasting hypoglcemia, huge increase in glycogen in the liver, increased blood lactate
Von Gierke's
Dx:
peripheral neuropathy of hands & feet, angiokeratoma, CV/renal problems
Fabry's
Tx:
Sphereocytosis
Folic Acid
Tx:
- Lambert-Eaton
- severe RA
Azathioprine
chest pain at rest but not at exercise; patient has asthma.
what is best tx?
Calcium channel blocker
(works w/ asthma pt who get angina)
drug class:

Dobutamine
Beta-1-Agonist
DOC for Raynaud's disease
Calcium channel blocker
(Nifedipine)
inhibits glucose absorption at intestines
(good to control post-meal glucose)
Acarbose
anesthetic w/ lowest post-op nausea?
Propofol
DOC for Padget's disease of the bone
Etidronate
Main Tx for Iron overload
(1st & 2nd choice)
1. Phlebotomy
2. Deferoxamine
DOC for Huntingtons
Haloperidol
DOC for fibromyalgia
(pinpoint chronic musculoskeletal pain)
TCA
DOC for Hepatitis C
Interferon
DOC for stroke
tPA
DOC for Cushings
Mitotane
DOC for pre-surgical muscle relaxation for patient w/ renal problems
Atracurium
Dx:
pt in mountains and gets nonbloody, foul-smelling diarrhea w/ excessive flatulence & painful abdominal cramps

DOC for Tx?
Gardia

Metronidazole