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71 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Segregation in schools, but equal
Minor vs. Happersett
states DO have the right to deny women the right to vote
Interstate commerce act
take away control of the railroad from overcharging farmers.
who is Charles J Guiteau
Shot president Garfield
wanted a pres. that would give him a federal job.
what is the the Pendleton Act
Give federal jobs based on merit.
Who is Thomas Reed
Speaker of the house at the time, pushed through a lot of legislation.
McKinley Tariff Act (1890)
Raised tariff rates to an average of 48%
Drove costs up.
Dependent Pensions Act(1890)
pension assistance for all disabled (those unable to do manual labor) former Union soldiers. Benefits were also expanded to veterans' parents, widows and children.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890)
Huge corporation/ regulate
Prohibitted combinations in restraint of trade.
U.S. vs. E.C. Knight CO (1895)
constituted combinations in restraint of trade
Sherman Silver Purchase Act (1890)
Doubled the amount of silver the treasury would purchase.
Farmers Alliance
represent farmers especially from South and West America
(included miners)
wanted supply of $ to go up
and more $$$ for the crops.
Colored Farmers National Alliance
o educate them on how to become better farmers, it established a weekly newspaper, the National Alliance///exchanges in the ports///The alliance raised funds to provide for longer public school terms, and in some places it founded academies///funds to help sick and disabled members.
Who is Mary E. Lease
-emigrated from County Monaghan during the Famine
-Her father and older brother died as Union soldiers in the Civil War
-lost everything in the financial panic of 1873
- woman suffrage
- joining the labor movement and then the Farmers' Alliance and Populist Party.
-lawyer and lecture
Who was the Populist Candidate of 1892
James B Weaver
Panic of 1893
-Unemployment up to 20%
-banks close
Who is Jacob S Coxey
led protest group to Washington arguing for jobs
-and for paper money
-he was arrested for walking on the grass
Pullman Strike
-Pullman Railroad Car makers
-income down, costs up
-Eugene V Debs leads a Strike
-****court injuction orders workers back to their work
Eugene V Debs
Ignored the Court Injuction during Pullman strike and led another strike
-was put into jail
-ran for president
In re Debs (1895)
court RULING that court injuctions for stopping strikes were okay.
Wilson-Gormon Tariff Act (1894)
Lowered tariffs to 41%/ 2% income tax
William Jennings Bryan
Supported the causes of the rural agrarians
-against powerful banks
-against railroads
-against industries in the East
-gave the Cross of Gold Speech
"Cross of Gold" speech
given by William J Bryan
-issue was whether to endorse the free coinage of silver at a ratio of silver to gold of 16 to 1
Gold standard Act(1900)
-An Act To define and fix the standard of value, to maintain the panty of all forms of money issued or coined by the United States, to refund the public debt, and for other purposes
Mark Hanna
- favoured a policy of high protective tariffs on foreign goods to protect home producers
-Marcus Alonzo Hanna was elected to the Senate in March 1897
Clayton Anti-Trust Act
ppl COULD go on strike
Jane Adams
-classic reformer
-the hull house
Samuel McClure
Muckraking journals
Lincoln Steffens
-shame of the cities
--big businesses - combined with gov't to defraud the public.
why did the progressives do what they do? what were their main concerns?
the effects of industrialization
-conditions of life
-better ways to humanize and regulate big business
Ida Tarbell
-corrupt practices of oil companies
Upton Sinclair
meat packing industry (the Jungle)
what were their 6 main characteristics
1.concern of the effects of industrialization
2.optimism about human nature, possibilities of progress
3.thought it equally important to figure out problems of the people
4.wanted involuntary means of achieving reform
5.desire for eveanglical protestant
6.touched the nation as a whole.
Theodore Roosevelt was involved with new ___________
or the _______ __________
Nationalism ; Square Deal
what were the Three C's of Roosevelts "regulation"
1. Control of Corporations
2. Consumer Protection
3. Conservation of Natural resources
What was the Hepburn Act
-more authority to Interstate Commerce Commision
-if they fined you, you payed, you had to prove your innocence
what did the progressives value?
a system, predicticability and efficiency.
what was the Elkins act
outlawed Rebate practices, fined railroads, and shippers if they went against the prohibition
what was the Anthracite Coal strike?
-western Penn
-miners wanted a 20% pay raise.
-workday down from 10 hrs to 9
-lasted many months
-took away coal from homes, big businesses, and even hospitals.
what is the 16th ammendment?
legalization of federal income tax
what happened because of the Anthracite Coal strike?
10% pay raise
-9 hour workday
what were the 3 companies
big railroad monopoly
American Tobacco Comp.
Standard Oil
what is the 17th ammendment?
citizens could now vote for the US senator
meat Inspection Act (1906)
-federal inspectors had to supervise process from corral to can
-outlawed dangerous additives in meat products
Pure food and drug act (1906)
say what you're putting into food and drugs.
what was the 18th ammendment
prohibition of alcohol
Newlands Act (1902)
provided for sale of land west of the Miss. R, and helped with the irrigation process.
what was the 19th ammendment
womens right to vote
Woodrow Wilson Supported the new _________________
(keyword : competition)
"triple wall of Privilege" (1912)
small companies and you facilitate competition for them
underwood tariff act (1913)
lowered tariff 15%
-increased competition
-IMPLEMENTED federal Income Tax (ammendment 16)
Robert Lafallette
Governer in Wisconson, leader in movement to get states more goverment power.
Federal Reserve Act (1913)
-americas first banking system since 1832
-12 new regional banks
Clayton Anti-trust Act
-agaisnt monopolies
-made big business men personally responsible for driving out a success
-legalized strikes
what are the three things used to give the PEOPLE a voice
Frederick Winslow Taylor
strove to extract maximum efficiency from each worker
who owned about 85 % of the oil business
what is intiative
ppl can put legislation on the ballot and vote for it
Who were progressives
middle class
urban city dwellers
better educated
were interested in fixing things
like corruption in businesses and gov.
what is referendum
voting on the intiative
What did the progressives want to fix?
-corruption in business and gov
-social injustice
what is recall?
ro get rid of a gov't officer
Who ran in the election of 1912
theodore roosevelt
woodrow wilson
Howard Taft
Louis Brandeis
used socialogical data to support the state of Oregon
-known as the peoples attorney
-attorney in the Muller Vs Oregon and won
Lochner vs New York
struck down NY for setting the maximum hours "hours should be btwn master and employees
Muller Vs Oregon (1905)
-started in laundromat
-women, because weaker, deserved special rights in workplace
-Curt muller, owner of Laundromat
-women got fired
Aakins vs childrens hospital (1923)
Muller vs oregon --not true
because of 19th ammendment
William James
wrote Pragmatism
-keen on efficiency
Pragmatism is characterized by the insistence on consequences, utility and practicality as vital components of meaning and truth. Pragmatism objects to the view that human concepts and intellect represent reality, and therefore stands in opposition to both formalist and rationalist schools of philosophy
Margaret Sanger
Helped with invention of birthcontrol
populist party
-wanted federal income tax
-direct election of senetors
-gov ownership of communications devices.