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192 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The earliest models for English tragedies were plays originally written in what language?
Latin
Which of the following plays most likely belongs to the same period in Shakespeare's writing as Antony & Cleopatra?
Two Gentlement in Verona; The Tempest; Macbeth; Henry V; Twelfth Night;
Macbeth
Before the existence of theatres in England, early plays might be performed in all of the following places except where?
churches; town street; inns of court; schoolrooms; halls of great houses;
schoolrooms
The marriage between Antony and Octavia was proposed by Agrippa for what purpose?
cementing an alliance between Antony and Octavius
Why are the several messengers who appear during Antony and Cleopatra necessary?
to narrate events in other locations
What is the central purpose of the first scene in Antony and Cleopatra?
to establish Antony's infatuation with Cleopatra
What context is the following quote made: "Ah, this thou should'st have done And not spoke on't! In me 'tis villainy; In thee hadst been good service." ?
Pompey's reply to Menas' suggestion
Who is the first victim of the power struggle after the meeting in Pompey's galley?
Pompey
What prompts Cleopatra's change of heart towards the messenger she had mistreated?
the messenger's account of Octavia's appearance
What was the main cause of the breach that occurred between Antony and Octavius?
the division of territories
After the sea battle, what is Octavius Caesar's first answer to Antony and Cleopatra' request?
send Thidias to negotiate with Cleopatra
"The round world Should have shook lions into civil streets And citizens to their dens." Caesar believes the natural world should react to what?
the death of Antony
What does the arrival of a messenger in the first scene of Antony and Cleopatra do?
establishes the conflict between Rome and Egypt
The soothsayer warns Antony to stay away from Caesar who always prevails because Caesar is what?
luckier
Antony's brief meeting with Ventidius in Act II has what purpose?
preparing for Ventidius' appareance in a later scene
What does "The poor third is up" refer to?
Caesar's abandonment of Lepidus
Who makes the following statement? "If we should serve with horse and mares together, The horse were merely lost. The mares would bear A soldier and his horse."
Enobarbus objecting to Cleopatra's presence in battle
Antony's comment that at Philippi Octavius Caesar "dealt in liutenantry" means what?
that Caesar delegated the fighting to lieutenants
Cleopatra's decision to commit suicide was based on all of the following except:
acting like a Roman; finding a painless way to die; joining Antony in the afterlife; avoiding being led in triumph; following the custom of her culture;
following the custom of her culture
What makes Antony's return to Rome in Act I necessary?
Pompey's command of the sea
How is the quarrel that erupts between Antony and Octavius Caesar on Antony's return to Rome resolved?
through the suggestion that Antony marry Octavia
All of the following suggest the influence of fate on Antony except:
his choice of a sea battle; the soothsayer's warnings; the strange subterranean music; the swallows' nests in Cleopatra's ships; his losses to Caesar at games and sports
his choice of a sea battle
As a quarrel develps between Octavius in Rome and Antony in Athens, Antony attempts to make peace by sending his emissary _____.
Octavia
"O, my fortunes have Corrupted honest men." Antony makes this comment after _____.
the desertion of Enobarbus
"The time of universal peace is near. Prove this a prosp'rous day, the three-nooked world Shall bear the olive freely." Speaking before the battle, Octavius Caesar refers to all of the following except:
the survival of the second triumvirate; the outcome of the approaching battle; the olive branch as a symbol of peace; the Pax Romana of the Roman Empire; the continetns of Europe, Asia, and Africa
the survival of the second triumvirate
Cleopatra's reference to Antony as "the arm and burgonet of men" suggests that Antony is _____.
strong in attack and defense
Cleopatra boasts of her pst love affairs with _____.
Julius Caesar and Gnaius Pompey
"His faults, in him, seem as the spots in heaven, More fiery by night's blackness; hereditary Rather than purchased; what he cannot change Than what he chooses." This opinion of Antony is expressed by _____.
Lepidus
Menecrates and Menas were _____.
fortune-seeking pirates
Who describes Cleopatra as being "with Phoebus' amorous pinches black, And wrinkled deep in time"?
Cleopatra
Antony's predominant feeling after his retreat from Actium is _____.
despair
"Who does more i' the wars than his captain can Becomes his captain's captain; and ambition, The soldier's virtue, rather makes choice of loss Than gain which darkens him." The speaker is _____.
Ventidius in Parthia
Octavius Caesar's main objection to Antony's lifestyle is that Antony _____.
hurts the triumvirate's cause
"Thou didst drink The stale of horses and the gilded puddle Which beasts would cough at." Octavius Caesar is referring to _____.
Antony's ability to endure hardship
The famous speech describing Cleopatra's arrival in her barge at Cydnus is ironic because it is delived by Enobarbus, who was _____.
a cynical soldier and skeptical observer
Charmian and iras are differentiated in their relationship with Cleopatra in that Charmian is more _____.
vivacious
In describing Cleopatra's arrival at Cydnus, Enobarbus refers to all of the following except:
the music; her physical features; the perfumes; her clothing; her attendants;
her physical features
"Not Caesar's valor hath o'erthrown Antony, But Antony's hath triumphed on itself." Antony's deathbed speech takes pride in _____?
the nobility of suicide
Which of the following is one of Antony's officers?
Maecenas; Agrippa; Dercetus; Dolabella; Proculeius;
Dercetus
Antony addresses Pompey, "Thou canst not fear us, Pompey, with thy sails." The figure of speech contained in the above line is _____.
synecdoche
The pleasure-loving decadence of Egypt is reinforced by descriptions of all of the following except:
exotic dancers; Cleopatra's barge; extravagant feasts; games and charades; soothsayers and eunuchs;
exotic dancers
"But you shall find the band that seems to tie their friendship together will be the very strangler of their amity." Enobarbus' comment on Antony's marriage to Octavia is an example of _____.
paradox
"I'll humbly signify what in his name, The magical word or war, we have effected; How with his banners and his well-paid ranks, The ne-er-yet-beaten horse of Parthia We have jaded out o' the field." What is the tone of Ventidius' intended report to Antony?
grateful and flattering
"You have shown all Hectors." Antony's praise of his soldiers is an example of _____.
antonomasia
"I see men's judgments are A parcel of their fortunes." By this comment on Antony, Enobarbus means _____.
the choices men make affect their destinies
The major difference between Shakespearean tragedy and comedy is _____.
treatment
The main reason for Shakespeare's success with his comedies is his _____.
blending of love and laughter
Compared to Shakespeare's other comedies, Much Ado About Nothing is all of the following except:
more poetic; more realistic; more satirical; less pastoral; less romantic;
more poetic
Much Ado About Nothing resembles Shakespeare's other great comedies mainly in its _____.
dramatic irony
Leonato's deference to the Prince stems from the fact that _____.
Aragon ruled Sicily until the seventeenth century
The Prince's suggestion of wooing Hero for Claudio is overheard and interpreted in different ways by _____.
Leonato's brother's servant and Borachio
Benedick invites the unhappy Claudio to go with him to the next willow tree because willow trees _____.
signify unrequited love
The purpose of the Friar's plan announcing that Hero is dead is to _____.
evoke pity and remorse
The witness who speaks out at the examination against Hero is _____.
a watchman
When is Benedick is accused of having "a February face"?
on his wedding day
In Much Ado About Nothing, the song, "Pardon, goddess of the night," is sung when?
at Hero's false funeral
The masked ball in Act II of Much Ado About Nothing serves all of the following purposes except:
settingup opportunities for deception; contributing to situations of dramatic irony; exhibiting the corruption of Sicilian society; the interrelationships among members of Leonato's household; demonstrating the generosity of Leonato's hospitality
exhibiting the corruption of Sicilian society
"Let every eye nogotiate for itself And trust no agent, for beauty is a witch Against whose charms faith melteth into blood." Claudio's embittered comment occurs when?
when Don John tells him the Prince wooed for himself
"Will your Grace command me any service to the world's end? I will go on the slightest errand now to the Antipodes that you can devise to send me on. I will fetch you a toothpicker now from the furthest inch of Asia..." Why is this offer made by Benedick to the prince?
to avoid speaking to Beatrice who is approaching
The song "Sigh No More" in Much Ado About Nothing is appropriate in its context in the play because _____.
it supports the central theme of deception
Telling Conrade about the plot against Hero, Borachio is overheard by _____.
the Watch
"For thee I'll lock up all the gates of love and on my eyelids shall conjecture hang, To turn all beauty into thoughts of harm, And never shall it more be gracious." In Claudio's denunciation of Hero he vows that in the future he will _____.
be suspicious of all beautiful women
Antony and Cleopatra has scenes set in all of the following locations except:
Rome; Troy; Athens; Parthia; Alexandria;
Troy
"Because I will not do them the wrong to mistrust any, I will do myself the right to trust none. Benedick's comment on women _____.
establishes a central theme of the play
With regard to the various interpretationso of the Prince's plan to woo Hero for Claudio, the only listener to pass on accurate information was _____.
Borachio
One of Benedick's first actions after hearing about Beatrice's supposed love for him is to _____.
shave off his beard
The arrets of Borachio and Conrade does not get immediate attention because _____.
Leonato is in a hurry and can make no sense of Dogberry
Leonato is quick to believe that the accusations against Hro must be true because he _____.
belives that princes and counts do not tell lies
If the Friar's plan for Hero was not successful, the secondary plan was that she would _____.
spend the rest of her days in a nunnery
The watchmen think the most interesting part of Borachio and Conrade's conversation concerns _____.
fashion
The plan to make Benedick and Beatrice recognize their love is initiated by _____.
the Prince
"Friendship is constant in all other things Save in the office and affairs of love." The speaker is _____.
Claudio
Cleopatra threatens Charmian with "bloody teeth" for _____.
praising Julius Caesar
"O she is fall'n Into a pit of ink, that the wide sea Hath drops too few to wash her clean again, And salt too little which may season give To her foul tainted flesh!" Hero is thus described by _____(whom)?
Leonato
In the play's concluding scene, Benedick apologizes that "man is a giddy thing." In context, "giddy" is understood to mean _____.
inconstant
The Friar is so convinced of Hero's innocence that he is willing to stake all of the following except his:
own life; religious calling; extensive reading; age and experience; powers of observation;
own life
"Though I cannot be said to be a flattering honest man, it must not be denied that I am a plain-****ing villain." The speaker who is describing himself is _____.
Don John
"Why, he is the Prince's jester, a very dull foo; only his gift is in devising impossible slanders." During the masked ball, the above comment on Benedick is delivered by _____.
Beatrice to a masked Benedick
Who is described by the Prince as "of a noble strain, of approved valor, and confirmed honesty?"
Benedick
Benedick's requirements in a wife inclu*****l of the following except:
wealth; wisdom; dark hair; excellent conversation; fine musicianship;
dark hair
At the beginning of the final scene, all of the following know that Hero is not really dead except:
the Friar; Leonato; the Prince; Beatrice; Benedick
the Prince
The character Shakespeare treats mostly with satire in Much Ado About Nothing is _____.
Dogberry
The main cause of the breach that occurred between Antony and Octavius was _____.
the division of the territories owned by the triumvirate
After the sea battle, the ambassador Antony sends to Octavius Caesar is _____.
a schoolmaster
“I will go seek Some ditch wherein to die.” The speaker is _____.
Enobarbus
Cleopatra learns what Caesar’s real plans for her are from _____.
Dolabella
“I did not think this amorous surfeiter would have donned his helm For such a petty war. His soldiership Is twice the other twain.” Referring to Antony, Caesar, and Lepidus, the speaker is _____.
Pompey
Which of the following is one of Antony’s officers?
Maecenas; Agrippa;Dercetus; Dolabella; Proculeius;
Dercetus
Sir Thomas Wyatt's poems reached a wider audience MOST likely beacuse of _____.
their publication in Tottel's Miscellany
The ambiguity of the first stanza of Wyatt's poem is strengthened by the _____.
unclear reference of "they"
The demands of rhyme royal oblige Wyatt to rhyme lines _____.
2,4,5
The second stanza differs from the other two in "They Flee From Me That Sometime Did Me Seek" in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
use of the past tense; narration of an incident; refernce to a specific woman; use of a different rhyme scheme; absence of general comment on women;
use of a different rhyme scheme
In Wyatt's poem: “But since that I so kindely am served, I would fain know what she hath deserved.” The speaker’s tone in the final couplet is _____.
ironic
“And I have leave to go, of her goodness, And she also to use newfangleness. In the final stanza of Wyatt's poem, “goodness” is used _____.
ironically
In the second stanza of Wyatt's poem, the lady’s behavior to the speaker is _____.
seductive
“Thanked be Fortune it hath been otherwise.” The form of the verb used at the beginning of the second stanza of Wyatt's poem is the _____.
optative imperative
The MOST important influence on Sir Thomas Wyatt’s poetry was his _____.
travel to Italy as a young man
The number of lines required by the rhyme royal stanza is _____.
seven
The comedy and tragedy referred to in the Sonnet LIIII are _____.
current events
It can be inferred, compared to his love, that Spenser is more _____.
volatile
The speaker of Sonnet LIIII describes himself as “disguysing diuersly my troubled wits.” In context, “disguysing” can be BEST understood to mean _____.
concealing
The sonnet’s (Sonnet LIIII) first eight lines are an example of _____.
extended metaphor
At the beginning of line 9 of Sonnet LIIII, “Yet” signifies a change from the poet’s reaction to life’s events to his love’s _____.
ridicule of his emotional response
The form of Sonnet LIIII MOST resembles the Italian sonnet in its _____.
volta after the eighth line
The first quatrain of Sonnet LIIII does all of the following EXCEPT _____.
suggest the speaker's agitation; introduce an extended metaphor; contrast involvement and detachment; establish the meter and rhyme scheme; provide examples of theatrical experience;
provide examples of theatrical experience
The poet (of Sonnet LIIII) comments that his love “delights not in my merth nor rues my smart.” In context, “smart” is BEST understood to mean _____.
pain
“Sometimes I ioy when glad occasion sits.” In context, “sits” is BEST understood to mean _____ in Sonnet LIIII.
arrives
The concluding couplet has the effect of _____.
introducing a playful note
Marlowe’s first literary success at the age of twenty-three was with _____.
Tamburlaine the Great
The archaic second personal singular in the shepherd’s address of Marlowe's piece _____.
enhances the aura of antiquity
“Come live with me and be my love, And we will all the pleasures prove That hills and valleys, dale and field, And all the craggy mountains yield.” In the opening stanza of “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” the predominant sound pattern is _____.
consonance
“A cap of flowers and a kirtle Embroider’d all with leaves of myrtle.” The apostrophe in “embroider’d” is used to indicate _____.
a syllable omitted for the purposes of meter
"Thy silver dishes for thy meat As precious as the gods do eat, Shall on an ivory table be Prepared each day for thee and me.” The sixth stanza, the accepted version in the seventeenth century, has been criticized because it _____.
does not follow the pattern established in previous stanzas
The Marlowe's poem’s imagery appeals to all of the senses EXCEPT _____.
taste
“There I will make thee beds of roses And a thousand fragrant posies,” The rhyme used in the above couplet is _____.
feminine rhyme
In the pastoral poetry tradition, the favorite month is ____.
May
The characteristics of pastoral poetry include all of the following EXCEPT _____.
themes based on love; praise of the simple life; account of rural hardships; simple musical verse form; appreciation of nature;
account of rural hardships
In Marlowe's poem, the main contrast in imagery is between _____.
natural and artificial
Sonnet 30 uses imagery related to all of the following EXCEPT _____.
money; grief; past events; nature; law courts;
nature
In the phrase “expense of many a vanished sight,” “expense” is BEST understood to mean _____.
loss
In “my dear time’s waste,” “dear” is BEST understood to mean _____.
valuable
To the speaker of Sonnet 30, the result of visiting the past is _____.
an intensification of previous griefs
The second quatrain of Sonnet 30 clarifies that the nature of the speaker’s original loss is _____.
friendship
In the phrase “grievances foregone,” “foregone” can be BEST understood to mean _____.
previously experienced
The most frequently used metaphor in the poem (Sonnet 30) is _____.
financial loss
The use of the present tense throughout the sonnet (Sonnet 30) indicates that the speaker _____.
habitually recalls past experiences
The chronological progression of the speaker’s thoughts (in Sonnet 30) through the quatrains and final couplet is indicated by _____.
adverbs indicating time
The speaker’s unhappiness disappears when the speaker (of Sonnet 30) _____.
thinks of his friend
In the first stanza (of Donne's poem) the speaker addresses the sun in its role of _____.
determining time
In the final stanza (of Donne's poem), the sun’s duties are restricted because _____.
the world has contracted to one room
Donne’s designation as a Metaphysical poet stems from _____.
a quotation from John Dryden
The reason for Donne’s frequent distortion of sentence structure was a desire to _____.
emphasize meaning
Izaak Walton, Donne’s biographer wrote of Donne that “the most remarkable error of his life” was _____.
getting married
The images in Donne’s poetry are LEAST likely to be drawn from _____.
physics; nature; geography; astronomy; mathematics;
nature
The verse form of “The Sun Rising” consists of three stanzas each of which contains all of the following EXCEPT _____.
two quatrains; a closing couplet; equal line length; a constant rhyme scheme; equal number of lines;
equal line length
“She’s all states, and all princes I; Nothing else is; Princes do but play us; compared to this, All honour’s mimic, all wealth alchemy.” The dominant figure of speech used in the above lines is _____.
hyperbole
Thy beams so reverend, and strong Why shouldst thou think?” In context “reverend” is BEST understood to mean _____.
venerable
The speaker (of "The Sun Rising") includes all of the following in “the rags of time” EXCEPT _____.
minutes; hours; days; months; seasons;
minutes
The author (Bacon) is surprised that sea travel occasions more diaries than land travel because _____.
land travelers see more and have more to write about
Bacon advises that the young traveler should do all of the following EXCEPT _____.
hire a tutor; keep a diary; buy a guidebook; learn a language; hang out with his countrymen;
hang out with his countrymen
Bacon’s style is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT _____.
anaphora; long lists; ironic tone; archaic verb forms; imperative statements;
ironic tone
The term “essay” derived from French was first used by _____.
Montaigne
"For else, young men shall go hooded and look abroad little.” In context, “abroad” is BEST understood to mean _____.
around
In the concluding sentence Bacon suggests that on his return the traveler should “prick in some flowers of that he hath learned abroad into the customs of his own country.” The suggestion is intended _____.
metaphorically
"That young men travel under some tutor, or grave servant, I allow well; so that he be such a one that hath the language, and hath been in the country before.” In the above sentence, the conjunction “so” is used to mean _____.
provided that
The travel Bacon describes in the early seventeenth century appears MOST appropriate for _____.
wealthy young men
At different points in his career, Bacon held all of the following positions EXCEPT _____.
solicitor general; attorney general; prime minister; privy councilor; lord chancellor;
prime minister
In Antony & Cleopatra, as the Nile symbolizes Egypt, the river that symbolizes Rome is the _____.
Tiber
At the meeting of the triumvirate in Rome, the peacemaker is _____.
Lepidus
Knowing that his military triumphs could incite Antony's jealousy, Ventidius decides not to _____.
pursue the Parthians through Media
"Why, this it is to have a name in great men's fellowship. I had as lief have a reed that will do me no service as a partisan I could not heave." This servant in Pompey's galley refers to the situation of _____.
Lepidus
Pompey disappears from the action because he _____.
has negotiated with Lepidus
Antony & Cleopatra's forty-two scenes presented no challenge to the Elizabethan theatre because _____.
no changes of scenery were necessary
Shakespeare provides little historical background information to Antony & Cleopatra because _____.
the audience of the time would be familiar with events
In the play's first scene, commentary on Antony's behavior comes from _____.
Philo and Demetrius
At the beginning of the play, the most serious external threat to Rome was from _____.
Pompey
"You shall outlive the lady whom you serve."
The tone of the soothsayer's comment to Charmian proves to be _____.
ironic
"On the Alps It is reported thou didst eat strange flesh, Which some did die to look on."
Who speaks the above lines about whom?
Caesar about Antony
Antony's officers cite all of the following reasons not to fight at sea EXCEPT:
his sailors are inexperienced; he gives up the advantage by land; Caesar's sailors have naval experience; his ships are heavy and slow to maneuver; the weather around Actium is unpredictable
the weather around Actium is unpredictable
"It is shaped, sire, like itself, and it is broad as it has breadth. It is just so high as it is, and moves with its own organs. It lives by that which nourisheth it, and the elements once out of it, it transmigrates."
On Pompey's galley, Antony is describing _____.
a crocodile
Other characters view the marriage of Antony and Octavia as a(n) _____.
fragile stopgap doomed to failure
In Enobarbus' account of Cleopatra's arrival at Cydnus, the wind from the fans seemed "To glow the delicate cheeks with they did cool, And what they undid did."
The literary device in the above lines is a _____.
paradox
"That he which is was wished until he were."
Octavius Caesar is referring to the _____.
fickleness of the mob
"O sovereign mistress of true melancholy, The poisonous damp of night dispunge upon me."
The speaker wishing his death by moonlight is _____.
Enobarbus
The mythical figure to which Antony is MOST often compared throughout the play is _____.
Hercules
Which of the following plays was probably written in the samer period of Shakespeare's writing as Much Ado About Nothing?
Hamlet; King John; The Tempest; As You Like It; The Comedy of Errors;
As You Like It
Much Ado About Nothing differs from Shakespeare's other comedies in its
darker subject matter
Much Ado About Nothing's dialogue is written primarily in _____.
prose
All of the following are established in the play's first scene EXCEPT:
the extent of Leonato's hospitality; Claudio's immediate interest in Hero; the reason for Don John's estrangement; the Prince's promise to woo Hero for Claudio; the verbal sparring between Benedick and Beatrice
the reason for Don John's estrangement
"Hath Leonardo any son, my lord?"
Claudio's question to Don Pedro suggests he _____.
is checking that Hero is the sole heir
Beatrice sees "a Scotch jig, a measure, and a cinquepace" as comparable to _____.
wooing, wedding, and repenting
"I am trusted with a muzzle and enfranchised with a clog; therefore I have decreed not to sing in my cage."
This statement of discontent is voiced by _____.
Don John
The main purpose of the Prince's plan to bring Beatrice and Benedick together is to _____.
pass the time before Claudio's wedding
Beatrice is lured into the orchard to eavesdrop on a conversation because Mararet tells her that _____.
Hero and Ursula are talking about her
The watchmen arrest Borachio and Conrade because the watchmen _____.
misinterpret what they heard
The Friar is convinced of Hero's innocence because he _____.
has been observing her reactions
"Our watch, sir, have indeed comprehended two auspicious person...."
Dogberry's address to Leonato contains examples of _____.
malapropism
The second stanza of Wyatt's poem differs from the first and third in that it _____.
narrates an incident
The diction of the third stanza of Wyatt's poem emphasizes the theme of _____.
change
In the final stanza, the poet's use of "kindely" can be BEST described as _____.
ironic
The form of Sonnet LIIII resembles the Shakespearean sonnet in its _____.
concluding couplet
"Sometimes I ioy when glad occasion sits, And mask in myrth lyke to a Comedy."
In context, "mask" is BEST understood to mean _____.
act a part
During the first eight lines of Spenser's Sonnet LIIII, the speaker _____.
establishes his state of mind
The conventio of pastoral poetry is derived from _____.
Theocritus and Virgil
Each stanza of Marlowe's poem offers _____.
a different aspect of rustic life
"When to the sessions of sweet silent thought I summon upon remembrance of things past"
The sound patterns in the opening lines can BEST be described as _____.
alliteration and consonance
In the concluding couplet of Sonnet 30, the speaker _____.
views friendship as a compensation for grief
In Donne's poem, the speaker's tone in addressing the sun in the first stanza is _____.
contentious
In his choice of verse form, Donne usually _____.
chooses a form appropriate to the theme
Bacon's essay consists mainly of _____.
a series of instructions
Bacon recommends that a traveler should stay away from _____.
quarrels
If a young man stays for some length of time in a big city, Bacon recommends that he should _____.
change his lodging occasionally