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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The Magna Carta
Signed by King John in 1215, the first document to limit the power of the king/monarchs
English Bill of Rights
passed in 1689,basis for the American Bill of Rights
Declaration of Indpendence
signed July 4, 1776. It stated why the colonists wanted their independence
Thomas Jefferson
wrote the Declaration of Independence
George Washington
Led the continental army against the British. 1st president of the US
Articles of Confederation
first US constitution. Was too weak
Federalist Papers
essays written that defended the constitution
U.S. Constitution
Written in 1787. Oldest written constitution in the world and serves as the basis for the US government
Limited Government
We are a government of laws, not men. Everyone must obey the law
Republicanism
Limited government with elected representatives
Checks and Balances
each branch of the government has certain powers. To ensure that no branch becomes too powerful
Federalism
Power is divided between federal (central) government and state governments
Separation of Powers
Government is divided into 3 branches
Popular Sovereignty
The people vote
States' Rights
Powers the Constitution neither gives to the federal government nor denies to the states
The Civil War
1861-1865. War between the North and South after the south seceded from the Union
13th Amendment
Made slavery illegal in the U.S.
14th Amendment
Declared all persons born in the US are citizens and entitled to equal rights. (gave former slaves citizenship)
15th Amendment
Granted black men the right to vote
Inalienable Rights
Fundamental rights guaranteed to the people. Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments to the constitution.
Spanish-American War
Fought in 1898. The US acquired Puerto Rico, the Philippines and Guam
Sputnik
The first space satellite. Was launched by the Russians and began the space race with the US
Theodore Roosevelt
President upon William McKinley's death. Led Rough Riders in Cuba during Spanish American War.
Causes leading US into WWI
Sinking of Lusitania
Unrestricted submarine warfare
Zimmermann Note
Treaty of Versailles
Ended WWI. Established a League of Nations
Fourteen Points
Ideas proposed by Woodrow Wilson for post WWI
Red Scare
Fear of communism in the US in the 1920's
Prohibition
Illegal to manufacture, sell or transport alcoholic beverages. Crime increased.
D Day
Largest landing by sea in history. Began liberation of Western Europe in WWII
Manhattan Project
Top secret project to development the atomic bomb
Marshall Plan
Money was given to Western Europe by the US after WWII. Would create democracies and shun communism
Truman Doctrine
Idea of Pres. Harry Truman. US would provide aid to countries to combat communism
McCarthyism
Witch hunt for communist in the US led by Senator Joseph McCarthy
Domino Theory
Pres. Eisenhower's ideal that if one nation falls to communism - all the surrounding countries would also fall
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Pres. Johnson given authority to take any means necessary to protect the US. Led us into Vietnam conflict
Industrialization
New inventions, movement of Americans from rural to urban, more efficiency in business
FDIC
insures bank deposits. Helped regain confidence in banks after number of bank failures during the great depression
Social Security
est. in 1935. Provides financial support to retired workers
Marshall Plan
Money was given to Western Europe by the US after WWII. Would create democracies and shun communism
Truman Doctrine
Idea of Pres. Harry Truman. US would provide aid to countries to combat communism
McCarthyism
Witch hunt for communist in the US led by Senator Joseph McCarthy
Domino Theory
Pres. Eisenhower's ideal that if one nation falls to communism - all the surrounding countries would also fall
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Pres. Johnson given authority to take any means necessary to protect the US. Led us into Vietnam conflict
The Era of Reform - Urban problems, temperance, government and business corruption, womens rights
The Progressive Era
1890-1920
Era of the American Dream, Social conformity, automobile culture, consumerism, TV
The Post War Boom
1946-1959
Era of Immigration, industrialization, urbanization, big business, railroads, organized labor, machine politics
The Industrial Age / Gilded Age
1876-1900
Era when the US becomes a world power, gains overseas territories
American Imperialism
Time of booming business, prosperity, Red Scare
Roaring Twenties
Time concerned with Social Welfare, Civil Rights
The Great Society