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36 Cards in this Set

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Gettysburg Address
The speech delivered by Pres. Lincoln on Nov. 19, 1863, at the dedication of the National Cemetery on the Civil War battlefield.
Emancipation Proclamation
The executive order, issued by Pres. Lincoln on Jan. 1, 1863, abolishing slavery.
Southern Homestead Act of 1866
Enacted by the US Gov't to encourage settlers to migrate to the western lands.
Compromise of 1877
This resolved the contested presidential election of 1876; it brought an end to the period of Reconstruction following the Civil War.
Tenure of Office Act
1867;it forbade the Pres. to remove any federal officeholder appointed by and with the consent of the Senate without the further approval of the Senate
Johnson's Reconstruction Plan
1865-77; clarified the newly-acquired rights of slaves and restore social, economic and physical order to the devastated lands of the South.
Rutherford B. Hayes
The 19th president of the United States (1822-1893).
Freedman's Bureau
1865 by the U.S. War Department to assist freed slaves in obtaining relief, land, jobs, fair treatment, and education.
Ku Klux Klan
Primarily in the southern U.S. after the Civil War opposing the newly acquired rights of African Americans and the influx of carpetbaggers from the North.
Thirteenth Amendment
Amendment ratified in 1865 that provided for the abolition of slavery.
First Battle of Bull Run
July 21, 1861. First major battle of the Civil War, won by the Confederates.
John Brown
American abolitionist. He Led the U.S. arsenal raid at Harper's Ferry, VA, 10 followers were killed. He was convicted and hanged for his actions.
Dred Scott Decision
Supreme Court ruling: Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) Upheld slavery & the constitutional guarantee for the return of slaves escaping to non-slave states.
Kansas-Nebraska Act
1854 created Kan. & Neb., furthering the transcont. RR. Gave settlers choice of slavery, contradicting the Missouri Compromise of 1820.
Wilmot Poviso
1846 amend. to Congress bill for $2 million to settle w/ Mexico. Generated bitterness between N & S since new territories would be slave-free.
"Uncle Tom's Cabin"
By Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom's Cabin -pro-abolitionist and condemned by slaveholders who viewed the work as unfair.
Seneca Falls Convention
1848. The first womenís rights convention held in Seneca Falls, NY; organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott.
Gettysburg Address
The speech delivered by Pres. Lincoln on Nov. 19, 1863, at the dedication of the National Cemetery on the Civil War battlefield.
Emancipation Proclamation
The executive order, issued by Pres. Lincoln on Jan. 1, 1863, abolishing slavery.
Southern Homestead Act of 1866
Enacted by the US Gov't to encourage settlers to migrate to the western lands.
Compromise of 1877
This resolved the contested presidential election of 1876; it brought an end to the period of Reconstruction following the Civil War.
Carpetbaggers
Negative nickname for a northern Republican who moved to the South after the Civil War. p.435
Tenure of Office Act
1867; restricts Pres. from removing any federal officeholder-appointed by the Pres. & approved by the Senate- w/o Senate's approval of a successor.
Johnson's Reconstruction Plan
While Congress was recessed: pardoned Southerners, permitted const. conv., S states: void secession, slavery, ignore debt, hold elections & join Union.
Rutherford B. Hayes
The 19th president of the United States (1822-1893).
Freedman's Bureau
1865 by the U.S. War Department to assist freed slaves in obtaining relief, land, jobs, fair treatment, and education.
Radical Republicans
Republicans in the Civil War and Reconstruction period who believed not only in abolition, but full equal rights for freedmen. South should be punished.
Ku Klux Klan
Primarily in the southern U.S. after the Civil War opposing the newly acquired rights of African Americans and the influx of carpetbaggers from the North.
Thirteenth Amendment
Amendment ratified in 1865 that provided for the abolition of slavery.
Battle of Chancellorsville
Civil War battle in 1863 in Virginia, won by hte Confederacy. p. 403
Presidential Election of 1864
Lincoln -vs- Rep. Andrew Johnson and Dem. Gen. George McClellan. Lincoln wins due to Sherman's win in Atlanta and votes of Union soldiers.
"Bleeding Kansas"
Grim label given to the summer of murderous raids and counterraids throughout Kansas ignited by John Brown.
Presidential Election of 1876
Rep. Rutherford B. Hayes-vs-Dem. Samuel Tilden (south) Hayes: more electoral votes, Tilden: more votes.
Compromise of 1877
Resolved Hayes/Tilden election:
Remove troops from South. Rebuild Miss. levees. 3. Subsidize southern railroads. =End of reconstruction.
Preston Brooks
Congressman from South Carolina, beat Sen. Charles Sumner with his walking stick in response to his speech 3 days prior. The South applauded.
Stephen Douglas
Dem. from Illinois-vs-Lincoln for Pres. Largely responsible for Compromise of 1850 and Kansas Neb. Act.