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57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
characteristic of a political system in which the gov't excercises complete control over its citizens' lives
a political philosophy that advocates a strong, centralized, nationalistic gov't headed by a powerful dictator
the German brand of fascism, based on extreme nationalism
a series of laws enacted in 1935 and 1936 to prevent U.S. arms sales and loans to nations at war
Neutrality Acts
giving up principals to pacify an aggressor
an agreement in which two nations (Poland & Germany) promise not to go to war with each other
Nonaggression Pact
form the german word meaning "lightning war," a sudden, massive attack with combined air and ground forces, intended to achieve a quick victory
"night of broken glass," a name given to the night of nov. 9, 1938, when gangs of Nazi storm troopers attcked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues in Germany
the systematic murder of 11 million people accross Europe, more than half of whom were Jews
the deliberate and systematic killing of an entire population
a city neighborhood in which a certain minority group is pressured or forced to live
a prison camp operated by nazi germany in which Jews and other groups considered to be enemies of Adolf Hitler were atrved while doing slave labor or were murdered
concentration camps
the group of nations-including Germany, Italy, and japan-that opposed the allies and WWII
Axis Powers
the group of nations-including Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States-that opposed the axis powers
a law, passed in 1941, that allowed the US to ship arms and other supplies, without immediate payment, to nations fighting the axis powers
Lend-Lease Act
signed by Roosevelt and Churchill~a 1941 declaration of principles in which the US and Great Britain set forth their goals in opposing the axis powers----1.Collective Security 2.disarmament 3.self-determination 4.economic cooperation 5.freedom of the seas
Atlantic Charter
women volunteers who would serve in noncombat positions
Woman's Auxiliary Army corps
code name for research work on the atomic bomb- lead by the Office of Scientific research
Manhattan Project
fought inflation by freezing prices on most goods
Office of Price Administration
decided what companies would convert from peacetime to wartime production and allocated raw materials to key industries. organized nation wide drives
War Production Board
establishing fixed alotments of goods deemed essential to the military
June 6, 1944, the first day of the invasion into Germany.
A turning point in the war where the Germans made an attemptat taking back a Belgium port. By the end of a month long battle, the Germans had lost a lot, most of which they could not replace. After this battle, the Nazis could do little but retreat. (Bastogne- centerpoint of this battle)
Battle of the Bulge
Victory in Europe Day. the war ended in Europe on May 8, 1945
V-E day
turning point in Pacific war. US caught Japanese fleet and bombed them. started the run of allies doing Island hopping geting them closer and closer to Japan
Battle of Midway
confronted urban segregation in the North
Congress of racial equality
confinement, used in the US with Japanese Americans
pushed the gov't to compensate those sent to the camps for their lost properties. ( called for payment of reperations)
Japanese American Citizens League
testing cite for Mannhattan project.
Los Alamos (NM)
the blocking of another nations attempts to spread its influence
a phrase used by Winston Chuchill in 1946 to describe an imaginary line that separated communist countries in the Soviet Union bloc of eastern Europe from countries in Weastern Europe
Iron Curtain
a Us policy, announced by President Harry S. Truman in 1947, of providing military and economic aid to free nations threatened by internal or external opponents
Truman Doctrine
the program, proposed by Secretary of state George Marshal in 1947, under which the US supplied economic aid to European nations to help them rebuild after WWII
Marshall Plan
a defensive military allience formed in 1949 by ten western European Nations, the US and Canada. this was the firsat time that the US made a military alllience during peacetime
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
the country where Chaing Kai-Shek and his followers flead to. Also known as Formosa
committee that investigated communist influence inside and outside the US gov't in the years following WWII
House of Unamerican Activities Communittee
to go to the edge of all out war
linked soviet union with seven other Eastern European countries
Warsaw Pact
the downing of a US spy plane and capture its pilot by the Soviet Union in 1960
U-2 incident
one of the southern delegates who , to protest Truman's civil rights policy, walked out of the 1948 Democratic National convention and formed the states' Rights Democratic Party.
economic program - an extention of Franklin Roosevelt's new deal
fair deal
a major coorperation that owns a number of smaller companies in unrelated businesses
a preoccupation with the purchasing of material goods
the gov't agency that regulates and licenses television, telephone, telegraph, radio, and other communication industries
Federal communications Commission
a style of music characterized by the use of improvisation
the tearing down and replacing of buildings in rundown inner-city neighborhoods
urban Renewal
the uS gov't plan, announced in 1953 to give up responsiblity of Native American tribes by elimination federal economic support; discontinuing the reservation system and redistributing tribal lands
termination policy
a law that banned discrimination on the basis of sex, race, national origin, or religion in public places and most work places
Civil Rights Act of 1964
a 1964 project to register African American voters in Mississippi
Freedom Summer
cae where separation of schools was challenged
Brown v. Board of Ed. of Topeka
its purpose was to carry on nonviolent crusades aginst the evils of second-class citizenship---lead by Martin Luther King Jr.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
a national youth protest group
Student Nonvioent Coordinating Committee
black Muslims, lead by Elijah Muhammad
Nation of Islam
carmichal's call for black people to begin to define their own goals and to lead their own organizations
Black Power
founded by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale-- political party to fight police brutality in the ghetto
Black Panthers
President Johnson had appointed this to study the causes of Urban violence
kerner Commission
ended discrimination in housing
Civil Rights Act of 1968