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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Joseph Smith
*leader of the Mormans who established Morman Church in NY then moved to Illinois
*later jailed for treason in 1844 and was murdered by an anti-Morman Mob
Brigham Young
*Smith's successor
*moved Mormans beyond US bountaries and started Salt Lake City in 1847
Salt Lake City
Mormans gave plots of land to each family and they soon had settlements and farms through irrigation
54'40 Or Fight
Polk wanted to annex the entire Oregon Territory
49th Parallel
land north of 49th parallel was deemed unsuitable for agriculture by Polk's advisors, so both countries peacefully agreed to extend the mainland boundary with Canada
Webster-Ashburton Treaty
1842: settles disputes over Maine and Minnesota with Britain
Santa Anna
1844: SA no longer leader
John Slidell
Spanish-speaking emissary sent to purchase California, New Mexico, and Rio Grande border, but was rejected
James K. Polk
won election of 1844. theme was expansion
Rio Grande
desputed territory between Texas and Mexico
Zachary Taylor
"Old Rough and Ready"
sent by Polk to blockade Rio Grande and also captured Monterrey, Mexico
Texas
annexed into the US in 1845
Wilmot Proviso
a bill introduced so that no states that came frm the war with Mexico could be considered slave states
John C. Fremont
led an (illegal) exploration of California
led settlers in the seizure of Sononma, CA and declared CA its on Republic
"American Blood on American Soil"
Basis of Polk wanting to declare war with Mexico after the Matamoros Fight
Colonel Stephen Kearny
1846: "The Long Marcher"
Marches his troops 800 miles to NM and is met by a contigent of upper-class Mexicans who wanted to annex with the US
Winfeild Scott
Scott: Old Fuss and Feathers
*captures Veracruz Island and Mexico City
Yellow Fever
cause of 11,000 out of 13,000 deaths in the Mexican War
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Feb 2, 1848: Mexico agrees to Rio Grande border for TExas and gives NM, CA to US. $15 million is paid for CA, NV, NM, UT, CO, WY
Spot Resolution
Lincoln asks Polk to certify where the 9 Americans were killed, therefore proving that "American Blood was shed on American soil" officially
Henry David Throreu
Thoreau Believed in "civil disobedience" and wrote about the right to protest a government with non violence
Sutter's Mill
Gold is discovered by James Marshall while working on Sutter's Mill
49ers
prospectors who flocked to CA during the 1849 Gold Rush
Elizabeth Blackwell
first woman to graduate from Medical School: opens the New York Infirmary for Women and Children
Catharine Beecher
undertakes a national survey on women's heath and discovers that for every healthy woman there were 3 sick ones
Amelia Bloomer
1st women to rebel by wearing "bloomers"
Declaration of Sentiments
Stanton and Mott compose a statement of grievances modeled after the Declaration of Independence
Elective Franchise
controversial women's rights aim to allow women to vote
Election of 1848
Whigs: Zachary Taylor
Democrat: Cass lewis
MVB
Free-Soil Party
MVB supports no extention of slavery in the new territories