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17 Cards in this Set

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common good
people at home had to all pitch in by rationing limited supplies, meat, sugar, gas so the surpluse could go to the soldiers
WWII Neutrality Acts (there are 3)
• 1935 = Congress began passing laws to prevent US involvement in the growing tensions in Europe—after WWI, we wanted no part of it (isolationism)

•the first two acts said we could not sell weapon or give loans to nations at war

•directed at Spain (who was fighting a Civil War), said that we also would not give $ and/or weapons to countries involved in a civil war.
Lend-Lease Act, 1941 (WWII)
The U.S. slower grew less isolationist and began to help a little. FDR decided it was fair to lend weapons to any country whose defense was important to the U.S. (ex. Britain).
Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941 (“A date that will live in infamy”)
•The Japanese launched a successful surprise attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, nearly destroying the Pacific fleet.

•They killed over 2,400 Americans, damaged 21 ships, damaged or destroyed over 300 U.S. planes.

•This attack led FDR to declare war against Japan. Very quickly, both Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S.
War Aims and Strategies
??
D-Day, July 6, 1944 – a beginning to the end of WWII
•known as Operation Overlord

•a coalition of British, American and Canadian soldiers launched a MASSIVE attack against the coast of France.

•the Germans fought back and there were terrible casualties to the Allies.

•in the end, was an Allied victory as the coalition soon took over large parts of France, causing the Germans to retreat.

•by September 1944, the Allies had liberated all of France.
The Battle of Midway, considered a turning point in the war
•Because the US had broken Japan’s secret code, they knew the Japs were next planning to take over the small but strategically located island of Midway.

•The US raced to get there first to occupy and defend it.

•American fighter planes were able to wipe out a considerable number of Japanese naval battleships – the Japs called it the US’s “revenge for Pearl Harbor”
Battle of the Coral Sea
•a five day battle in which US and Australian soldiers were able to keep the Japs from getting close enough to attack Australia. The fighting was all done by plane, and the US was able to get the Japanese to turn back.

•yet another “turning point” battle that brought the war closer to an end, with a victory for the Allies likely.
Use of the Atomic Bomb
•The Japanese had promised to fight to its very last life

•Harry Truman, newly president after FDR’s death, made the HUGE decision to drop an atomic bomb in Japan at Hiroshima.

•He warned the Japanese to surrender or there would be more devastation. They didn’t surrender – Truman bombed Nagasaki. After, the Japanese did surrender.
Post War Goals: The Division of Germany
western germany became a new nation which also included west berlin, they were democratic. east germany was created by the societ union and it was communist unti l989
The Marshall Plan
in 1947 the us helped european nathions rebuild after WWII but supplying economic aid
The Truman Doctrine
1947 US policy announced by president Truman that stated that the US would give economic and military aid to nations that were threatened by internal or external opponents
NATO
12 countries (Uk, france, west germany, netherlands, luxemberg, italy, portugal, norway, iceland, greece, turkey, belgium) signed a treaty that stated that they would help each other incase anyone of them were attacked.
United Nations
internation peace keeping organization to which most nathions in the world belong founded in 1945 to promote world peace, security and economic develpoment.
Impact on and actions of war on US
???? Hannah, not sure what he's looking for here. Let's discuss this one together.
How did WWII affect minority groups such as African Americans, Japanese Americans, and women? Consider the impact at home and in the military.
African Americans fought herocially in WWII but continued to face discrimination at home. When the vets came back after the war, black people (and women) who had taken their jobs while they were gone were fired so the white men could be re-hired.

Japanese Americans were considered suspicious (more so than German Americans, which just shows visual discrimination as the Japanese are not "white"). After Pearl Harbor, there was such outrage against Japan that Japanese Americans living on the west coast were forced to give up their homes, jobs, etc to live in internment camps. This was a gross violation of their rights as American Citizens.

Women stepped up to help the war effort by making countless sacrifices and even by joining the workforce to do jobs that used to be considered "mens' work". When the men came home, they lost their jobs and were expected to return to being "bare foot and pregnant in the kitchen".
What is War and civil rights, A. Pjilip Randolph?
Hannah, is this from a class hand-out?