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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What existed when more wealth flowed into the nation than was paid out
Positive balance of payments
The religion of the Muslims
Islam
A revolt against the Catholic Church
Reformation
A conqueror
Conquistador
Those who revolted against the Catholic Church
Protestants
The time of the middle ages between 500-1500
Medieval
Spiritual community that embraced most of Europe
Christendom
A business arrangement that made it possible to accumulate large amounts of money for investment
Joint- Stock Company
Money for investment
capital
rebirth
Renaissance
double - rigged ship
It could sail into the wind and could sail with the wind at its back
Caravel
A movement to drive the Moors from Spain
Reconquista
Spanish policy where Spanish colonists promised to convert and protect the indians in return for their labor of tribute
Encomienda System
Spain's North American and Carribean territories
New spain
North African Muslims
Moors
The transfer of plants, animals, and disease from one hemisphere to another
Columbian exchange
Members of the lower order of the nobility
Hidalgos
A Govenor
Viceroy
An artificial community that made indians tenants and not slaves
haciendas
People of white and indian mixed ancestory in Mexico
Mestizos
Economic policy based on state monopoly of trade and an attempt to transfer wealth from colonies to parent country
mercantilism
A mutual agreement signed by the men aboard the MAyflower ship
Mayflower Compact
A land grant
headright
a colonial assembly that made laws for the Virginia Colony.
First representative assembly in the colonies
House of Burgess
Pilgrims unwilling to worship within the Church of England
Seperatists
The Carribbean sea with its Spanish ports and trade routes
Spanish Main
Armed merchant ships
Privateers
A written contract
charter
A fleet of war ships
Armada
To sail around the world
circumnavigate
French Protestants
Hugernots