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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Manifest Destiny
The idea America was destined by God and history to expand its boundaries over a vast area of the continent of N. America and more.
Occured because of Manifest Destiny; a movement to spread both a political system and a racially defined society
Henry Clay
Feared that territorial expansion would reopen controversy over slavery and threaten stability of Union
Land Grants
Settlers came to Texas through American intermediaries who received land grants from Mexico in return for promising to bring settlers into the region
Stephen F. Austin
Most successful land grant-recipent, established first legal American settlement in Texas in 1822
General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
dictator of Mexico who tried to impose new regimes on nation, led armies into Texas, signed treaty when captured, etc.
Alamo Mission
1836-San Antonio,pivotal battle between Replublic of Texas and Mexico, Mexican victory
Davy Crockett
frontiersman and former Tennessee congressman, group of Texas 'patriots' and died at the Alamo
After the Alamo 1836, massacre when Mexicans executed most of the Texian force after it had surrendered
Battle of San Jacinto
1836 General Sam Houston defeated Mexican army and took Santa Anna prisoner. Santa Anna signed treaty giving Texas independence
Mexican residents of Texas who fought with the Americans in the revolution
Oregon Country
Control issue in 1840s between Britain and US over Oregon, Washington, Idaho, etc.
"joint occupation"
1818 treaty between Britain and US to allow citizens of each country equal access to Oregon country
Marcus & Narcissa Whitman
missionary and his wife; established mission among Cayuse Indians and were later killed by them when blamed for spreading disease
Old Northwest
migrants traveled west from today's Midwest (gold rush, etc)
west westward on religious missions or in attempt to escape diseases plaguing eastern cities
Martin Van Buren
former Democratic president, expected 'front runner' against Henry Clay, resented Buren for being against annexation
James K. Polk
strong supporter of annexation, the first 'dark horse' to win presidential nomination of his party; wins election of 1844
"Fifty-four forty or fight"
slogan in reference to latitude where some americans hoped to draw the northern boundary of oregon
Liberty Party
political party in 1840s ran James Birney 2nd time, antislavery whigs against Clay
Rio Grande
Texans claimed as both western & southern border, adding much of what is now New Mexico to Texas
Nueces River
Mexico claimed this had always been the border
General Zachary Taylor
a small army under this man was sent to protect Texas from possible Mexican invasion;
Santa Fe
trading center, commerece developed between here and Missouri, increased American presence in New Mexico
Sacramento Valley
pioneering farmers entered California and settled here
John A Sutter
migrated to California in 1839 and became a Mexican citizen. headquarters was a network of small manufacturing shops
supported their demands for acquiring these western lands by citing racial differences between white Americans and Mexicans
Mexican War
causes of the this were conflict over the border (Rio Grande vs. Nueces R)
John Slidell
goes to Mexico City for Polk to try to negotiate, but Mexico refuses
Colonel Stephen W Kearny
made longn march to Santa Fe and occupied the town with no opposition in 1846, brought American forces together at Bear Flag Rev
John C. Fremont
led well-armed exploring party in the Bear Flag Revolution
Bear Flag Revolution
1846; party of Americans seized Sonoma
General Winfield Scott
devised plan to force peace on Mexicans and perhaps gain more territory for US, took Vera Cruz and Mexico City
Nicholas Trist
concluded an agreement with the new Mexican government 1848, Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
1848: Mexico agreed to cede California and New Mexico to the US and make Rio Grande boundary of Texas and US took over Mexican debts and paid $15 million
David Wilmot
introduced an amendment to the appropriation bill that would have prohibited slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico; passed in House but failed in Senate
"popular sovereignty"
allowed the people of each territory to decide the status of slavery there
Lewis Cass
Democrats nominated for election
Compromise of 1850
Henry Clay: (1) Admit California as a free state (2) Divide remainder of Mexican Cession into two territories, Utah and New Mexico (popsov) (3) Give land in dispute between Texas and New Mexico territory to New Mexico and assume Texas' public debt (4)Ban slave trade in DC but do not outlaw it there (5) Adopt a Fugitive Slave Law and enforce it vigorously
John C. Calhoun
insisted that the North grant the South equal rights in the territories, that it agree to observe the laws concerning fugitive slaves, that it cease attacking slavery, and accept amendment to Constitution to guarantee balance of power between sections
Daniel Webster
"Seventh of March Address"; sought to calm angry passions and rally northern moderates to support Clay's compromise
Stephen Douglas
Democratic senator from Illinois; open spokesman for economic needs of his section and for the construction of railroads; personal self-promotion
Millard A. Fillmore
from New York; supported compromise and used power of persuasion to swing northern Whigs into line
Free-Soil Party
minor 3rd party; "conscience whigs" and northern democrats
Fugitive Slave Act
Blacks accused of having escaped from slavery had no right to a trial by jury and could not testify on their own behalf; a federal judge or commissioner could turn alleged runaways over to slaveowners simply on the basis of affidavits from slaveowners.