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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anthropologists
The study of human culture both ancient and modern.
Archeologists
The study of srtifacts to learn about the past.
Artifacts
Human made objects.
Paleo-Indians
Term used to refer to Native Americans that lived thousands of years ago.
Hunter-gatherers
People that live by hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants.
Domestication
Breeding of plants or animals to meet specific human needs, such as food and transportation.
Cultural Diffusion
Process of influencing and being influenced by neighboring peoples.
Civilizations
Highly developed cultres.
Mesoamerica
Middle America
Olmecs
The "mother culture" of Mesoamerica.
Gluphic writing
Use of symbols and images to express words and ideas.
Mayas
People living in the tropical rainforests of Guatemala.
Aztecs
Last of barbarian waves from the north, who moved into the Valley of Mexico about 1325.
Tribute
Forced payment in goods or produce.
Incas
People that developed and empire (powerful city-state) in Peru, South America.
Hohokam
Indian people who migrated from Mexico into what is now central Arizona.
Anasazi
An ancient Indian farming culture centered on the Colorado plateau.
Hopewell culture
An indian culture that emerged in the Ohio Vally about 500 BC.
Mississippian Culture
Indian culture that emerged in the Southeast and Mississippi Vally about 900 AD.
Egalitarian
Society where all members were considered equal.
Slash and Burn Farming
The cutting of tree and/or grassses and burning them to clear a field.
Ecology
The relationship between libing things and their environment.
Shamans
Indian religious leaders who communicated with the spiritual world.