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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Line of Demarcation
imaginary line around the world- Spain on west, Portugal on the east
Treaty of Tordesillas
treaty that set the line of Demarcation at 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands.
Parliament
English law-making body
Spanish Armada
-spanish fleet of warships
-1588
-English won because of wind and smaller, faster ships.
-long term effect:England becomes naval power
-short term effect:delayed efforts to find lost colony in New World
Spanish Armada
-spanish fleet of warships
-1588
-English won because of wind and smaller, faster ships.
-long term effect:England becomes naval power
-short term effect:delayed efforts to find lost colony in New World
Sea dogs
-ship/city/port raiders
-eg., Francis Drake (raided Spanish cities on coast of south america, partially caused Spanish Armada in 1588) and John Hawkins
Why were English efforts to establish colonies in the New World delayed?
-War of the Roses
-Religious disputes beginning under Henry VIII (Protestant to Catholic switching back-and-forth)
John Cabot
whom the English claim to the New World is based upon
Joint stock company
people didn't have much money, so they pooled their money to make joint stock companies.
eg.,Virgina Company, East India Company
Representative government
naming a governor and a council to run a colony
Royal colony
governor and upper house chosen by the king
Puritans
wanted to purify church from within; thought church was to Catholic
Separatists
wanted to separate from the Church
Pilgrims
Plymouth, MA
Separatists
Mayflower Compact
William Bradford
Plymouth Co.
Mayflower compact
set up pilgrims' government in Plymouth-agreement to set up a civil gov't and obey its laws
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
first example of a constitution in America; didn't have to be a member of the Church to vote; leader--Thomas Hooker
Proprietors/Proprietary colonies
proprietors-friends of king who got land from king; the land they got was a proprietary colony; first one was Maryland (for Catholics), ruled by Lord Baltimore
Toleration act
would tolerate all Christian religions
(protected Catholics b/c lots of Protestants had been moving in)
House of Burgesses
1st representative gov't in North America
Great Awakening
religious revival in the colonies in 1720's - 1750's; (Johnathan Edwards and George Whitefield); why??---there was no enthusiasm in church services, etc.
Dominion of New England
New England plus NY & and New Jersey; king sent Andros to govern it, Andros dissolved town meetings and legislature; Andros was overthrown at same time James overthrown in England in Glorious Revolution
Glorious Revolution
James overthrown in England, & William and Mary came to throne.
Effect on colonies--they had a lot more freedom b/c all attention focused on England
Georgia
Southern
debtors
Ogelthorpe
NC and SC
Southern
the 8 lord proprietors
Virgina
Southern
Jamestown
John Smith
Pennsylvania
Middle
William Penn / Quakers
religious freedom
New Jersey
Middle
Berkeley & Cartaret (proprietors)
land profit
New York
middle
Minuit & Stuyvesant
fur trade
Connecticut
New England
Thomas Hooker
trade and religious freedom from MA
Rhode Island
New England
Roger Williams & Anne Hutchinson
refuge for dissenters
New Hampshire
New England
John Mason & Gorges
FUR trade
Delaware
Middle
Swedish "New Sweden"
for FUR trade
Massachusetts
New England
Plymouth-Separatists
MA Bay Colony-Puritans
religious freedom
Maryland
Southern
Lord Baltimore
Catholics