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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Legislation passed by an allliance of Jefferson and the Baptists that disestablished the Anglican church.
Virginia Statute of Religious
A type of special assembly, originally developed in Massachusetts, for drawing up a fundamental law that would be superior to ordinary law.
Constitution Convention
Legislation that provided for the orderly transformation of western territories into states.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Wealthy conservatives devoted to republicanism who engineered a nonviolent political transformation.
The status of a western area under the Northwest Ordinance after it established an organized governments but before it become a state.
The officer under the new Constitution who would be commander in chief of the armed forces, appoint judges and other officials, and have the power to
People given the vote in New Jersey but generally not given equal rights after the Revolution, despite Abigail Adams' urging.
First of key states where federalists won by a narrow margin, overcoming the opposition of antifederalist Sam Adams.
The opponents of the Constitution who argued against creating such a strong central government.
War veteran who led poor farmers in a revolt that failed but had far-reaching consequences.
Daniel Shays
Group that failed to block the central government they feared but did force the promise of a bill of rights.
Frustrated foreign affairs secretary under the Articles; one of the three authors of The Federalists.
John Jay
One-square-mile areas, thirty-six of which composed a township, with one area set aside for the support of schools.
Virginia antifederalist leader who thought the Constitution spelled the end of liberty and equality.
Patrick Henry
The territory north of the Ohio and est of the Mississippi governed by the acts of 1785 and 1787.
Old Northwest
Father of the Constitution and author of Federalist No.10
James Madison
The plan proposed by Virginia at the Constitutional Convention for a bicameral legislature with representation based on population.
large-state plan
North African leader who preyed on American shipping and took advantage of the weakness of the Articles of Confederation.
Dey of Algiers
A failed revolt in 1786 by poor debtor farmers that raised fears of "mobocracy."
Shay's Rebellion
The plan proposed by New Jersey for a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states regardless of size and population.
small-state plan
Unanimously elected chairman of the secret convention of "demi-gods."
George Washington
The only state to allow a direct vote on the Constitution, which it ratified only after it ws known that the new government would go into effect.
New York
An exclusive order of military officers that aroused strong democratic opposition.
society of the cincinnati
The compromise between North and South that resulted in each slave being counted as 60 percent of a free person for purposes of representation.
three-fifths compromise
Young New Yorker who argued eloquently for the Constitution even though he favored a still stronger central government.
Alexander Hamilton
A masterly series of pro-Constitution articles printed in New York by Jay, Madison, and Hamilton.
The Federalists
Document that was put into effect 1781, then put out of business by the Constitution.
Articles of Confederation
A list of guarantees that federalists promised, in order to win ratification, to add to the Constitution.
bill of rights
New name for the Anglican church after it was disestablished and de-Anglicized in Virginia and elsewhere.
Protestant Episcopal Church
The first constitutional government of the United States.
Articles of Confederation