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116 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
govt of VA
house of burgesses

representative dem
who did plyouth ally with
wamponeg indians

chief massasoyt
squanto
samoset

thanksgiving
18th cent writers
cotton mather, johantahan edwards
relig

john adams, james otis, john dickinson, thomas paine, thomas jefferson
poltical essays

ben franklin
almanac
economic situation in engalnd, pre-exploration
inc pop but no inc production so ppl starve
govt of ma bay
direct dem
william bradford
wrote of plymoth plantation

governor for a while
king williams war
war of league of augsburg

1689-97
cortes
spanish

conquers axtecs in mexico

conquistador
rzn for high edu. in puritans
old deluderlaw made schools
how jamestown was founded
joint stock company

ppl there fro money
john locke
eng philopoher

ideas come from experience

natural lwas- life liberty, prperty

ppl have govt to secure thier rights

right to overthrow govt is rights abusede
england's govt
monarchy
places built for NA to go live ot faciltiate conversion to chirstiatny
praying towns
one jey diff, pop wise b/w jamestwon and plymouth
ply had women
3 STAGES OF SLAVERY IN CHESAPEAKe
1619-40: indentured servants, free balcks

1640-60: slvery began

1660-x:
slavery legalized
cabral
portugese
tired to sail around africa but blown off ocurse and reaches brazil
bacons rebellion
1976; bacon lives on VA froniter
berkely, governor sez no attack indians: he profits from fur
bacon marches on jamestown and threatens to burn down; berkely flees;bcon dies of dysentery
plymouth
religious based

founded by separatist purtians

mayflower compact
fx of great awakening
delcine of quakers, anglcians, congregationalists
rise of presbyterain, baptist, methodsut
development of new colleges:
college of NJ;college of RI;Rutgers;DArthmnout
Afr and NA to presbyterain
women
relig tolerance
england's religion- how it changed
henry 8 wants anullment with catherine of aragon, pope doesn't give, brakes off from church and becoems anglican
middle passage
jny from afr to am on ship

laste4d 1-3 mnths

1/3 die

poor sanitation

cahined down in hold
verrazano
french

canada, fur trade with huron indians
colonial govt
all had biavmeral legislature

lower house had power of purse
problems with jamestown
poor location:
swamp
probs with indians:
anglo-powhatan wars
poor health:
bad sanitation
too many gentlemn:
not enough labor
corruption
triangular trade
afr-carrib:
slaves

carrib- am:
sugar slaves molasses

am-afr:
rum
HUDSON
dutch exp

goes to NY--> new netherlands and new nassau

alligned with mohawks
sugar cane vs. tobacco
3x the labor fro sc
cabot
eng exp

canada
puritan family life

male domianted
women control over kids
cud get divorce:
abuse
neglect
divisonof labor
high brith rate
healthy
first eurpoean settlement in america and by whom
st augustine, spnsh
18th cent artists
benjamin west

john copley
main effect of printing press
increased literacy
thomas hooker
fnd conn, 1st const- fundamental orders of constitution
key portugese exploreers:
prince henry the navigator

diaz- tip of africa

de GAama- reached india by sea= first person to do
why south needed salves
dependant on labor itnensive crops
goal of protugese explorers
money (gold) and slaves
decline of purtinaism
econ diversification

dislike of convgersion exp

stuart resotration in 1660 --> catholics

declined sense of community bc pop spread out
They controlled the major passage way to get to india (country and sea)
italy, mediterranean
rzn for inc living stndrd in 18th cent
inc tobacco value

middle colonies highest
de leon
spnsh

florida

fountainof youth
dissentors in mass bay
anne hutchinson:
antinomina,
denied power of clergy
roger willimas same
both go to RI
merchants didn;t like purtiansism
major even that introduced Europe to new items such as silk and spices before the 1100s
crusades
stono rebellion
sc, 1739, wanted to go to FL
magellan
spanish

circumnavigated world

around s. america
congregationalism
puritans

john cotoon
male saitns-citizens
colombus
spanish

was italian

west indies, thought it was india
rzns slavery big in osuth
fewer immigrants

salves chape adn dpendable

cheap labor keyu to profits
what happens to spearist puritans
become pilgrims and go to holland and then new world
charac of new engalnd puritanism
conversion exp

congregationalism

high literacy
this revolution in knowledge about sea and sailing was an offshoot of the renaissance
maritime
what led to creation of carolina
stuart resotration
diaz
portugese
tip of africa
fx of coloniazation
defoerstation/env destroyed
overgrazing
new plant life intro
demographic dstn:
genocide
smallpox blankets
mixing of pop
this cntry began european exploration of other places
portugal
midd colonies in 18th cent
corn, wheat for export

small manufacturing, iron working
encomiendas
large ladn grants given to spnsh settlers
ind and afr mix
mestee
pizzaro
spnsh

conquers incas in peru and colombia

conquistador
queen annes war
war of sapnish succession

1702-13

eng got nova scotia and newfoundland from french
de gama
portugese

reached india totally sea
end of plymouth
rels with indinas go down aftger news from jamestown

puritnaism declines and merge with mass bay colony
treaty of tordesillas
divided new world b/;w spain andprotugal
crops in colonie
rice indigo tobacco
de soto
spnsh

sw america

up the mississippi
mass bay
john winthrop- city on a hill

non-sep puritans
puritans- types
wanted to purify the anglcian church of catholic influences

non-separatist- wanted reform from within

separatist- want to break away
engalnd in 1660s
resotartion of stuarts:
charles II
james II

navigation acts
started explorationin portugal
prince henry the navigator
blk pp in carib by 1713
4:1, 75%
this "event" began and spread new forms of knowledge
renaissance
new eng. in 18th centh
lowest
subsistence farming
logging
shipbuilding
fishing
trading
rum
europeand and native mix
mullato
king philips war
1676

phillip=metacom

smae tiem as bacons rebellion

uniting of tribes
cartier
french exp

canada
geroge whitefield
traveling anglicna celrgy

inspried ppl
this key person in the reformation didn't like indulgences

who and where from?
martin luther, germany
pequot wars
1636

dstn of mystic and kill eng
in connecticut(?)
balboa
spanish
got to pananme b4 magellan and saw pacific
fx of all the wars
colonailsits realize they need engalnd
european and native emix
mestizo
rzn 4 increased tensions b/w europ and NA
depletion of furs

down NA pop while up eng pop

env dstn

alcohol
roanoke
lost colony 1584

dont grow food

land and look for gold

word croatan carved in tree
navigation acts
british ships only

enumerated goods

trade go thru england

for mercantilism
drake
eng exp

circumnavigates the world

sea dog
great awakening
only in america

christian revial, 1730-40
things the maritime revolution brought
compass, astrolobe, arab/tirangular sail, caravel
king georges war
war of austrian succession
1744-48
coronado
spnsh
grand canyon
south in 18th cent
tobacco, 30% chesapeake whites woned slaves

cash poor b/c money in crops
raleigh
foudned roanoke

sea dog-raided english ships

eng expolorer
JOHN CALVIN
predestnation
things the reanissance did
printing press, order and stability, art, architecture
caribbean crop
sugar cane
which grp had most mixing of race
spanish
voting requriements
by 1700s, most by land
this "movement" brought up questions about the church and its authority
reformation
glorious revo
william and mary

james, marys dad was catholic and had a cahtolic son so parliament asked marya nd her hubby to rule
conquistadors- general and what did
forced indians rto go find gold for them, when salves died, imported slaves from afirca
education in 18th cent
NE- old deluder act made schools

midle- church/private schools

south- parent/prvivate tutor

colleges: harvard 1636, william and mary 1694, yale 1701
johnathon edwards
great awakening

sinners inn the hand of an angry god
how salves oppressed
slave codes
18th century demogarphics
pop inc

90% on famrs

better livng stnadrads tahtn scotland/ireland, same as end

rzn 4 18th century inc pop
high birthrate

immigartion:
africa
germans
scotch-irish
french hugenots
dutch
swedes
whcih colonies electd governors, which didnt?
RI, CT- eected

PA, MD, DE had appointed by proprieter

rest by king
media/press in 18th cent
40 nespwapers by 1776

Zenger case --> free press
ben franklin
enlightened thinker; junto
lightening and kite
estb american philopsophical socceity
volunteer fire fighters;library
U penn, college of philadelphia
rationalism
beleif human loguc can solve all probs
slavery percent by 1750 in colonies
20% of colnists were afr-am

15% lived outside south

5% go to colonies, rest to carib from africa

colonies known and not known for relig tolerance
ma-least
RI and PA most
literacy rate in new engalnd
90%
deists
follow rzn evenif contradicts bible

god created univ, and left it alone to operate by natural laws
enlightenment
combined confidence in human reasoninf with distrust towards all not scientific or logical
cities
only 4% lived

poverty

pop inc, wage dec, rent inc

respected professions in the 18th cent
minister, dr, lawyer
splight in church during greak awakening
new lights- revialist

old light- rationalst
lifestyle in 18th cent
dominance of eng culture

relig toleracne

no aristocracy

socail mobility