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69 Cards in this Set

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wanderer- member of a tribe that moves from place to place
nomad
sum of money paid or received every year
annuity
cause to be like the people of a nation in customs, viewpoint, and character
assimilate
share, part, or portion
allotment
move to another location
relocate
make sure or certain
ensure
about; close to
approximately
laws that gave railroads western lands to sell
Pacific Railway Acts
gave Eastern states western lands which they could sell to finance universities
Morrill Land Grant Ads
(passed in 1862) government gave citizens free or cheap land out west
Homstead Act
(Christians; named like Exodus in Bible) group of former black slave settlers who moved to western Kansas
Exoduster
buys land and holds it, hoping for land prices to rise so he can sell it for profit (investor)
land speculator
settlers who "raced" to get cheap land during OK Land Boom
boomers
boomers who cheated; staked claims too soon (hit out and waited)
sooners
panning for gold in stream or river
placer mining
driving cattle north to a railroad town for shipment back east.
long drive
house made mostly of sod
soddie
huge farm owned and operated by a corporation
bonanza farm
(1890) paper written by Fredrick Jackson Turner that said the frontier made Americans a unique people by encouraging a national character based on self- reliance and integrity
Turner thesis
all goods and services generated in a country in a year (buy and sell)
gros national product
person who decides to start business
entrepeneur
business is free to do business without government, regulations or interference
laissez faire
something of value that you can use
resource
repetition that leads to effeciency
practice
meant to break up trusts and monopolies (rarely used until early 1900s)
Sherman Antitrust Act
business with multiple owners that is treated by law as though it were one person (individuals protected make more money)
corporation
shares of ownership
stock
big companies do things cheaper
economies of scale
group of companies that meet informally (unwritten) and agree on prices
pool
own every part of process (carnergie)
vertical integration
cut prices so low to buy out competitors
horizontal integration
one business dominates a market or industry (controls how many people you pay)
monopoly
combo of firms and corporations, formed by legal agreement, especially to reduce competition
trust
company whose primary business is owning a controlling share of stock in other companies
holding companies
take goods and ship to other places
distribution
someone who uses or purchases a product
consumer
decline in volume of available money for credit that results in lower prices and increases buying power of money (wages cut to keep profits)
deflation
list of persons disapproved of or not to be hired
blacklist
company tool to fight union demands by refusing to allow employees to enter facilities to work
lockout
impartial outsider settles dispute
arbitration
court order whereby one is required to do or refrain from doing (prayer)
injunction
agreement by which company afrees to hire only union workers
closed shop
business structure in which a few large firms dominate market (railroads)
oligarchy
cramped quarters on a ship's lower decks for passengers paying the lowest fares
steerage
hostility towards immigrants
nativism
one who enters a country other than his/ her own to live
immigrants
people classed according to common racial, nationalm tribal, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin or background
ethnic
really tall building
skyscraper
multifamily apartments usually dark, crowded adn barely meeting minimum living standards
tenement
organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government
political machine
the person in control of a political machine
party boss
the acquisition of money in dishonest ways; as in bribing a politician
graft
thought that no matter what a person's background was they could still become successful
individualism
based on Charles Darwin's theories of evolution and natural selection, states that humans have developed through competition and natural selection with only the strongest surviving (biological theory they tried to turn into a social theory- rich were rich because they deserved)
Social Darwinism
providing money to support humanitarian or social goals
philanthropy
institution located in poor neighborhood that provided numerous community services such as medical care, child care, libraries, and English classes
settlement house
causing someone to acquire American traits and characteristics
Americanization
change over time
evolution
make a document available to general public
publish
political movement founded in 1890s representing mainly farmers, favoring free cormage of silver and gvt. control of railroads and toehr large industries
populism
paper money issued by North during Civil War
greenbacks
loss of value of money
inflation
decline in volume of available money or credit that results in lower prices and increases value of money
deflation
store where farmers buy products from each other; enterprise owned adn operated by those who use its services
cooperatives
tax based on net income of an individual of business and which taxes different income levels at different rates
graduated income tax
efforts by farmers to unite against big business
farmers alliance
third party that arose in 1890s that represented farmers interests
People's Party
ran for president in 1896 representing both democratic and populist parties
William Jennings Bryan
republican candidate in 1896
william McKinley