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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the selling or bying of a position in a Chritian church
the effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492
a Roman Catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of heresy-especially the one active in Spain during the 1400s
relating to a style of church architecture that developed in medieval Europe, featuring ribbed vaults, stained glass windows, flying buttresses, ppointed arches,a nd tall spires
one of the expeditionsin which medieval Christian warriors sought to recover control of the Holy Land from the Muslims
a Kurdish warrior and Muslim leader in which Jerusalem has fallen in his hands
Urban II
was the pope who read the letter written by Alexius Comnenus asking for help with the Muslims. then he issued a call for what he termed a "holy war," a Crusade , to gain control of the Holy Land.
Richard the Lion-Hearted
was one of Europe's most powerful monarchs. after battling with Saladin they reached a truce saying that Jerusalem remained under Muslim control. In return, Saladin promised that unarmed Christian pilgrims could freely visit the city's holy places.
a system of farming developed in medieval Europe in which farmland was divided into three fields of equal size and each of these was successively planted with a winter crop planted with a spring crop and left unpanted
a medieval association of people working at the same occupation which controlled its members wages and prices
scholars who gathered and taught at medieval European universities
Commercial Revolution
the expansion of trade and business that transformed European economies during the 16th and 17th centuries
a medieval town dweller
the everyday language of people in a region or country
Thomas Aquinas
argued that the most basic religious truths could be proved by logical argument. He wrote the Summa Theologicae. Aquinas's great work, influenced by Aristotle, combined ancient Greek thought with the Christian thought of his time.