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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
globe
model of the Earth
armada
fleet of warships
commission
to appoint a person or group do something
Christopher Columbus
a Portuguese explorer who sailed for Spain in hopes of finding an all-water route to the Indies but instead explored the West Indies;
Jacques Cartier
a French explorer who also searched for a Northwest Passage to the Far East; explored the St. Lawrence River in Canada
Ferdinand Magellan
a Portuguese captain commissioned to sail in search of the Far East
empire
a large amount of territory under one ruler
colony
group of people living in a new area under the rule of their native land
compass
device used to show direction
political
relating to government or the way it runs
conquer
to gain something by force; defeat
charter
written agreement granting power in the name of a state or country
John White
formed a colony in Roanoke, North Carolina which disappeared and later came to be called the Lost Colony
Amerigo Vespucci
an Italian who made several voyages to explore the northeastern coast of what is now South America
mainland
main part of a continent
loot
to take or damage things by use of force
Sir Walter Raleigh
an Englishman, half brother to Sir Humphrey Gilbert, who received the charter to form a new colony in the New World following Gilbert's death during his second attempt; Raleigh sponsored three expeditions to the New World between 1584 and 1587 to set up a new colony to be known later as Roanoke
Sir Francis Drake
English explorer who sailed to the New World and then around the tip of South America, traveled up the Pacific coast as far north as present-day Washington State, and then across the Pacific and back to England between 1577 and 1580;
slavery
forcing a person or group to work without pay or rights
Hernando Cortes
a Spanish explorer who landed on the coast of what is now Mexico in search of silver and gold; two years later his army defeated the Aztec king, Montezuma, and captured the Aztec empire in central Mexico
Francisco Pizarro
a man who sailed with Balboa; he heard about the rich empire of the Incas and became determined to conquer the Inca rulers and take their land and riches for Spain
John Cabot
an Italian who sailed for England and explored Newfoundland and the northeastern and eastern coasts of North America
expedition
journey made by a person or group for a certain purpose
Giovanni da Verrazano
an French explorer who set sail from France in 1524 looking for a northern route or Northwest Passage to the Far East; he explored the coastal area from what is now North Carolina to Newfoundland
noble
someone who is part of a society's upper of ruling class
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
a Spanish explorer who led his men in search of gold and silver in the New World; he and his men were the first Europeans to see the Pacific Ocean from its eastern shore
territory
land belonging to a country or government
7 continents
North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Austrailia, Antarctica
continent
one of the seven largest land masses on Earth
Juan Ponce de Leon
a Spanish explorer who was one of the first to go to the New World after Columbus; in 1513 he led a group in search of gold and the "Fountain of Youth," reaching the southeastern tip of the mainland of North America, and naming the land Florida, the Spanish world for flower, because of the beautiful flowers and trees he found there
voyage
the act of traveling, especially by sea
merchant
buyer and seller of goods
publish
to print something, such s a book, newspaper, or magazine
4 oceans
Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic, Indian
Sir Humphrey Gilbert
the first English recipient of a charter from the Queen of England to form a colony in the New World
monarch
person who rules a kingdom or territory