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44 Cards in this Set

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Olmecs
people believed to have established the earliest settlement in the Americas in what is now present-day Mexico between 1200 BC and 100 BC
military
having to do with armed forces
Pacific Northwest
the northwestern portions of North America, especially that area from Alaska, through Canadian British Columbia and into the states of Washington, Oregon, and northern California
village
a small settlement
Hohokam
a farming society who are best known for building hundreds of miles of irrigation canals between AD 800-1000; lived in what is now present-day Arizona
reservoir
a large place used to store water
Toltecs
people who ruled a strong civilization in the Mexican highlands about AD 900; this civilization covered the areas of present-day Belize, parts of Guatemala, Hondural, El Salvador, and Mexico
kachina
spirits of an ancestor
burial mounds
mounds built into the Earth containing small log rooms where the Adena and Hopewell peoples buried their dead
tobacco
a plant that some people smoke or chew
Ice Age
a period of time when much of the Earth's water was frozen
Mogollon
a farming society who built their civilization in what is now present-day southeastern Arizona and southern New Mexico
Anasazi
a civilization which began around 100 BC in an area where Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, and Colorado meet, as well as along the Rio Grande River and upper Pecos valleys of New Mexico; these people were called "cliff dwellers" because they built their houses into cliffs; they were also a farming society
dwelling
a home
caribou
a large deer that lives in Arctic regions
kiva
a large underground room used for ceremonies
Aztecs
a civilization believed to have descended from Toltec and nomadic ancestors; the capital of their society was located near present-day Mexico City; around AD 1200, they ruled a large kingdom in what is now central and southern Mexico
religious
relating to a belief in a higher being
glacier
a large body of slowly melting, slowly moving ice
canal
a human-made waterway
Cahokia
an area near present-day Collinsville, Illinois that was a major trade center for the Mississippians; where Middle Mississippians built Monks Mound, a structure that was 100 feet high, covered 16 acres of land, and was the largest object build of earth north of Mesoamerica
mesa
a flat-topped height
settlement
a place or region newly settled
artisan
a skilled worker
Incas
a civilization in southern Peru about 10,000 BC which later spread include all of present-day Peru, parts of Ecuador on the north and parts of Chile and Argentina on the south
burial
the act of burying the dead
Mesoamerica
the area of land that includes what is now present-day Mexico and other countries south of Mexico through Costa Rica
Mayans
a large civilization in Mesoamerica about AD 250; covered the present-day areas of Belize, parts of Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Mexico; civilization lasted for at least 600 years; its people were masters in astronomy and architecture
archaelogist
one who studies the remains of past human life
ritual
the actions that take place during a ceremony
astronomy
the study of space and the planets
irrigation
a system for watering crops that uses canals or ditches of water
Clovis point
a finely flaked stone spearhead
totem pole
a tall, colorful carved object that had a certain religious meaning
Beringia
a thousand-mile-wide land bridge that once connected Siberia to Alaska
descendent
one who comes from a group of people
architect
a person skilled in designing buildings
cotton
a plant used to make cloth
cultivate
to grow crops
civilization
a high level of cultural development
hieroglyphic
a system of writing that uses picture-like symbols
nomads
people who do not live in one place; wanderers
Plains Indians
originally nomadic peoples who did later develop villages and trade with others
theory
a best guess