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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Those who follow politics and public affairs carefully.
Attentive public
Secret ballot printed at the espense of the state.
Australian ballot
Occurs when a presidential nominee chooses a vice presidential running mate who has different qualities in order to attract more votes for the ticket.
Balancing the Ticket
Election to choose candidates that is open to independents, and that allows voters to choose candidates from all the parties.
Blanket primary
Local party meeting.
Party election to choose candidates that is closed to independents. Voters may not cross party lines.
Closed primary
The influences of a popular presidential candidate on the election of congressional candidates of the same party.
Coattail effect
Characteristics of populations, e.g. race, sex, income.
Election of an officail directly by the people rather than by an intermediary group such as the Electoral college.
Direct election
Election in which the people choose candidates for office.
Direct Primary
Terms of office that have a definite length of time.
Fixed terms
Shedualing presidential primary elections early in an election year.
Front loading
Difference in voting patterns for men and women, particularly in the greater tendency of the latter to vote for the Democratic presidential candidates.
Gender Gap
Election in which the officeholders are chosen. Constrast with a primary election, in which only candidates are chosen.
General election
Campaign contributions donated directly to candidates.
Hard money
Set of beliefs about political values and the role of the government.
An officeholder who is seeking reelection.
One is noe registered with a political party.
Tend to vote for candidates of one particular party.
Independent Leaners
Have no consistent pattern of party voting.
Pure Independents
Ads that focus on issues and do not explicitly encourage citizens to vote foe a certain candidate.
Issue advocacy ads
Occurs when social subgroups' beliefs, values, and norms agree less than 3/4 of the time.
Conflictual political culture
Occurs when social subgoups' beliefs, values, and norms agree more than 3/4 of the time.
Consensual political culture
Election to choose candidates that is open to independents, and in which voters may choose candidates form any one party.
Open Primary
A sense of affiliation that a person has with a particular political party.
Party identification
A list of positions and programs that the party adopts at the national convention.
Party platform
Each postition of a party platform.
The widely shared beliefs, values, and norms that citizens share about thier government.
Political Culture
More votes than anyone else, but less than half.
Capacity to understand and influence politcial events.
Political efficacy
Process in which one acquired his/her political beliefs.
Political Socialization
An elction in which there is a long term change in pary alignment.
Realigning ("critical") election
An office that is ectremely likely to be won by a particular candidate or political party.
Safe Seat
System in which the people elect one representative per district. With a winner-take-all rule, this system strengthens the two major parties and weakens minor parties.
Single member district system
Campaign contributions that are not donated directly to candidates, but are instead donated to parties.
Soft money
Historically, the South voted solidly Democratic. However, the South is now strongly Republican.
Solid South
Casting votes for candidates of one's own party and for candidates of opposing parties.
Split ticket voting
The right to vote.
A delegate to the Democratic national convention who is there by virtue of holding an office.
A tuesday in early March in which many presidential primaries, particularly in the South, are held.
Super Tuesday
A state that does no consistently vote either Democratic or Republican in presidential elections.
Swing State