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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Senate Majority Leader
Thomas Daschle (Democrat- South Dakota)
U.S. Senate number of seats and terms
100 Seats, 2 Senators per state.
Senators serve terms of 6 years.
Those votes with a margin sufficient to override a veto, should it occur.
Since a 2/3 vote is required to override, a veto-proof majority is 290 in the House and 67 in the Senate
A formal charge of treason or criminality raised against an elected federal official. Only the House may bring an impeachment while only the Senate may try and convict the accused. Conviction requires a two-thirds vote in the Senate.
Two Chambers of Congress
House of Representatives
Senate Minority Leader
Trent Lott (Republican - Mississippi)
House Minority Leader
Richard Gephardt (Democrat - Missouri)
House of Representatives number of seats and terms.
435 seats based on state population.
Representatives serve terms of 2 years
Presidential Executive Order
An order put in effect by the President which does not need the consent of Congress. Usually put forth in times of national crisis.
Ohio's Governor
Robert Taft (Republican)
Supreme Court Justice Dissent
An opinion written by the Supreme Court justice(s) who did not vote with the majority explaining his/her opposition to the majority ruling.
Electoral College
Persons selected within a state equal to the number of representatives and senators for the state. (One set for each of the two major political parties) who cast an electoral vote for their state based on the majority of votes for a candidate within their representative district or state. The candidate who wins the majority of the popular vote in the state wins all the electors for that state in his political party.
President of the United States
George W. Bush
U.S. Vice President
Richard (Dick) Cheney
Principle Purpose of Presidential Cabinet
To advise the President on any subject he may require relating to the duties of their respective offices.
Offices of Presidential Cabinet
President,Vice President,President's Chief of Staff, Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veterans Affairs, Homeland Defense and the Attorney General. Also includes: Administrator, Environmental Protection Agency; Director, Office of Management and Budget; the Director, National Drug Control Policy; and the U.S. Trade Representative.

Presidential Election Mandate
When a presidential candidate wins both the popular vote and electoral votes.
Next in line to become President after the Vice President
Speaker of the House
Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
William Renquist
Popular Vote
Votes of 50% or greater of the voting population for one candidate.
Purpose of Electoral College
Prevents presidential candidates from campaigning and catering to only populous areas of the United States, thus giving states of lower populations an equal voice in presidential elections.
Casts the tie-breaking vote in the Senate
Vice President
U.S. Secretary of State
Colin Powell
Casts the tie breaking vote if no candidate wins more than half of the electoral votes in a Presidential election.
The U.S. House of Representatives votes on and selects the candidate from the top three winning candidates in a Presidential election.
Omnibus Bill
Combines several measures or diverse subjects in a single bill.
Senior Senator
The one of the two Senators from a particular state that has served in the Senate the longest.
How a Bill Becomes Law
Bill introduced in the House of Representatives or Senate is discussed and voted on and passes.
Goes to Senate, who discusses and votes on bill and passes bill.
Goes to the President who signs the bill into law, or vetos bill.
If vetoed, goes back to Senate to be considered and voted on again. If bill receives 2/3 of Senate vote it becomes law without the President's signature.
A legislative proposal which would become law if it passes both the House and Senate and if it receives Presidential approval.
Term given by Representatives and Senators given to people who live in a particular congressional district or state.
An extended debate in the Senate which has the effect of preventing a vote
Presidential Veto
When the President of the United States does not sign a Bill that passed through the House and the Senate into Law.
Duties of the Senate
Shared w/ Congress: Law Making, Declaring War, Maintaining Armed Forces, Assessing Taxes, Minting Money, Regulating Commerce.
Exclusive to Senate: Advise and consent on treaties and nominations.
Three Branches of U.S. Government.
U.S. Attorney General
John Ashcroft
Our District's U.S. Representative
Robert Ney (R) Ohio 18th District
Supreme Court Justices
William Renquist, Antonin Scalia, Sandra Day O'Connor, John Paul Stevens, David Souter, Anthony Kennedy, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Steven Breyer, Clarence Thomas.
Joint Session of Congress
A Meeting held with both the Senate and House of Representatives in Attendance.
Duties of House of Representatives
Shared w/ Senate: Law Making, Declaring War, Maintaining Armed Forces, Assessing Taxes, Minting Money, Regulating Commerce.
Chief Function of Congress
Making Laws
Ohio's Senators
Micheal DeWine (R)
George Voinovich (R)
Criteria to become President of the U.S.and terms.
Natural born citizen of U.S.
At least 35 years of age
Have lived in the U.S. at least 14 years.
Serves Four year term
Only can serve two consecutive 4 year terms.
U.S. Speaker of the House
Rep. Denny Hastert (Republican - Illinois)
Duties of the Executive Branch
The power of the executive branch is vested in the President, who also serves as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces. The President appoints the Cabinet and oversees the various agencies and departments of the federal government. Can veto bills with less than 2/3 of Senate votes.

U.S. Supreme Court's Duties
Protection and Interpretation of the U.S. Constitution.
Final Arbiter of Law
Equal Justice Under Law
House Majority Leader
Richard Armey (Republican - Texas)