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121 Cards in this Set

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coherent set of values and beliefs about public policy
Political Ideologies
supports a wid scope for the central goz Policies aim to promote equality
Liberal ideology
supports less active scope of govenment that gives freer reign to the private sector
conservative ideology
is conservative or liberal more popular in america?
conservative ideology
match percentages 37% / 40% / 23%
-moderate - conservative- liberal
37% -conservative
40%- moderate
23%- liberal
what is the main reason for restrained scope vs. Euro nations
conservative
Believe we should spend less on military spending
liberals
Believe we should maintain peace through strength on military spending
conservative
less willing to commit troops into action
liberals
more likely to support military intervention around the world
conservative
abortion- support free choice
liberal
abortion-support right to life
conservative
prayer in school -opposed
liberals
prayer in school- are supportive
conservative
affirmative action- favor
affirmative action- oppose
scope of gov- view gov as a regulator in the public interest
liberals
scope of gov-free market solution
conservative
taxes- want to tax rich more and spend more on the poor
liberals
taxes- want to keep taxes low and spending low
conservative
how to cut crime- believe we should solve the problems that cause crime. believe we should gaurd defendants rights
liberals
how to cut crime- believe we should stop codding criminals- defendants rights beleive we should stop letting criminals hide behind laws
conservative
ppl under 30 how?
but....
equal
they are less likely to vote
African americans are more---
Liberal
hispanics are more....
liberal
-more likely to support spending on social services
-oppose high levels of military spending
-less conservative than men
women
women are more likely to support who
democrates
not a good vote predictor
financial status
religon -catholics and jews are more liberal than who?
protestents
jews are
liberal
born again catholics are most---
conservative democratics
women are more likely to support who
democrates
not a good vote predictor
financial status
religon -catholics and jews are more liberal than who?
protestents
jews are
liberal
born again catholics are most---
conservative democratics
no religon affilation are more...
liberal
According to "American Voter" what % of people voted in ideological terms
12%
who are people connect opinions and beliefs w/ broad policy position take by parties or canidates
ideologues
what percentages are group benifits coters
42%
who are policy in groups they diliked or liked
group benifit voters
what % are nature of times voters
24%
who are handle on wether times good or bad to them
nature of times voters
what % devoid of any ideoligy in political concern
22%
no issues content group- vote on some canidates
devoid of any ideoligy in political concern
more or less satisfid voters than 50's and 70's
more
findings from American voters says majority of populatio dont have what?
political ideology
left =
liberal
right=
conservative
most voters are concerned with what over ideology?
intergrity
all actions used by citizens to influence selection of political leaders or the polices they persue (voting)
political participation
79% are proud of what
the way america's democracy works
voting/ persuading/ petiting/ running for office =
conventional participation
protesting/ civil disobecience and violence
unconventional
# of americans whos political life is part of their everyday lives
10,000
form of political participation through democratic and unconventional tactics
protesting
breaking law and suffering consequence as a form of protest
civil disobedience
pressing gov to change w/ violence is seen where
history
wealthy are more likely to what?
vote and donate
democracy lovers should be concerned with what?
inequalities in political participation
what leads to poverty
descrimination
1-identify problem
2- diagnosis
3- prescribe a remedy
pathology
battle between democratic and republican for control of public office
party competition
team of men women seeking control the gov apparatus by going office in a duty constituted election
political party
keeps gov running between elections
party in election
parties major task
link people to their government
parties are what type of instute
linkage
electoral contenders other than 2 main parties
third parties
parties are what type of instute
linkage
electoral contenders other than 2 main parties
third parties
provide regular acess to political power
elections
universally accepted as fair and free method of selecting political leaders
legitimacy
what are the 3 kinds of elections
primary
voters givin chance to approve or disapprove some legeslation
referendum
who cant vote
noncitizens and convicted criminals
requires gaining signatures on a proposed law equal to 10% of the number of voters in the previous election
initative petition
55% turn out in what year?
2004
how is voting costly
-must be informed
-take time to vote
why do rational people vote?
- policy of one party to bring more benifits than other polict
belief political participation matters
political efficacy
to promote democracy one should vote
civic duty
requires voters to register will in advance
voter registration
requires states to permit ppl to register the same time they apply for a drivers licence
motor voter act
higher age =
higher voter turn out
women or men higher voters??
women
married or not married who votes
married
union or non menber who is higher voter
union member
what are the main objectives of gov
maintain order
types of elections
pimary- contest among members of same party
purpose of primary
select primary election
winning canidate has to carry out his or her platforms and politics
Mandate theory of elections
1- voters party identification
2-voters eveloution of the canidates
3- the match between voters policy position and the canidates parties
political scientists reasons
provides a regualar perspective through which voters can view the political world
party idntification
incumbancy is main way voters feel with new technology is best way to determine own views
House of reps
thoes who dont follow parties
floating votes
3 things ppl look for in canidate
integrity
reliability
competece
dependable
decisive =
reliability
elections choices that are made on the basis of the votesrs policy preference and onthe basis of where the canidates stand on policy issues
policy voting
canidates must declare views early
true
right to vote
suffrage
belief that ordinary people can influence the gov decision makers
political efficacy
what are factors associated w. voting
seeing policy diffrence between parties
high sence of political efficacy
high sence of civic duty
Basic requirements for voting
age
resedency
registration
to guess vote political sci look at
party affiliation
canidate evaluation
policy voting
created by constitutuion, provides for selection of the president by electors chosen by state parties. although the electoral college vote usually reflects a popular majority the winner take all gives clout to big states
electoral college
how many electors
538
how are the 538 electors choosen
# of senators + # of house of reps
what state doesnt have a winner take all policy
Main and Nebraska
vote is reported by who... when
vice president/ next congressional session
each states gets how many votes
house +2
23 amnd did what
gave DC 3 votes
what is magic number to win election
270
if no one gets majority who votes
house of reps
ppl with similar goals trying to influence political process to achieve goals
interest groups
what ammendment constitional covers right to assemble and petition gov for redress of grievance
1st ammendment
main diffrence in political parties and interest groups
groups dont run ppl for election
groups serve as a link between people and gov
groups compete and counterbalance each other
no one group wins or loses all the time
pluralist theory
most wealthy have power
gov is run by big powerful wealthy groups
unequal power
elite theory
to many groups to much making gov lack power
hyperpluralist
4 major types of interest groups
economist
environmental
equality
consumer
4 social political movemnets
1 environmental
consumer mental
consumer products
woments movement
civil rights
Lobbying
legislation
electioneering
going public
strategys and tactics