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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
This amendment sets out each citizen's basic civil rights.
They include freedom of speech, religion,press,the right to assemble and to Petition
Amendment 1
This amendment was passed in order for private citizens to be armed when called up for militia duty.
Amendment 2
No soldier shall be quartered or housed in a private citizens house without the owner's consent.
Amendment 3
This guarantees that a person will be secure in their persons,houses, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures. Law enforcement must also have probable cause and a search warrant.
Amendment 4
The rights of an accused Person is entitled to a grand jury, due process, and cannot be held for double jeopardy under this amendment
Amendment 5
Right to a Fair and Speedy
Trial. The accused gets to know the exact charges against them. Accused can question the witnesses.
Amendment 6
Trial by jury in a civil suit. In a common suit where the amount exceeds $20.00, the person has a right to trial by jury.
Amendment 7
Excessive Bail
Cruel and unusual punishment
Amendment 8
Powers Reserved to the People-this admentment was included to make it clear that the listed rights were not the peoples only rights
Amendment 9
Powers Reserved to the States
Powers not specifically given to the federal government or forbidden to the states are guaranteed to the states or the people
Amendment 10
Lawsuits Against States
Federal Courts no longer try
cases in which a state is being sued by citizens of another state or foreign country
Amendment 11
Electing the President and Vice President. Each shall be voted for on seperate ballots
Amendment 12
Slavery and involuntary
servitude abolished except for as a punishment for a crime and was convicted by an impartial jury of their peers.
Amendment 13
Civil Rights in the States
Anyone born or naturalized in the US is a citizen of both the United States and the state where they live. No state can pass laws that deprive citizens of rights guranteed by the Constitution with out due process.

*Brown v Topeka Board of Education
Amendment 14
Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote or abridged on account of race, color, or previous conditions of servitude. *Literacy Tests
*Voting Act 1965
Amendment 15
Income Taxes
Amendment 16
Election of Senators-
senators are now to be directly elected by the people and not the House of Representatives.
Amendment 17
Prohibition -illegal to sell, consume, transport
*Carry Nation-
Amendment 18
Women's Right to Vote

Suffragist movement
Amendment 19
Presidential and Congressional Terms: "Lame Duck Amendment" Presidential succession,beginnig of the Congressional Sessions
Amendment 20
Repeal of Prohibition or 18th Amendment
Amendment 21
Limit on Presidential Terms
2-4year terms
Amendment 22
Electors for the District of
Columbia. Gave them the right to vote for president
Amendment 23
Poll Taxes: used t restrict the rights of the poor and African-American voters.
Amendment 24
Presidential Disability
and Succesion. If the President dies, then VP takes over, and speaker of house.
Amendment 25
Voting Rights for 18 years old.
Amendment 26
Restraint on Congressional
Salary. Can raise salary once a year at beginning of each new session
Amendment 27
Process wish allows the federal government to make laws.
Article 1
If President vetos a bill,
___________is needed in each house to override the veto
When a bill is not signed or vetoed and Congress adjourns during a 10 day period the bill automatically does not become a bill
pocket veto
A bill can become a law when the president receives a bill and takes no action on it after ten days it automatically becomes a_______
powers specifically listed in the Constitution
enumerated powers
Article I.8(Section)
List the ______________to
Article 1.9 Lists the powers
____________to Congress
____________is a written orderto bring a prisoner before a judge to determine if the person is being held legally.
writ of habeas corpus
___________declares someone
guilty with out a court trial
bill of attainder
_________makes someone guilty of a crime before the act was made illegal
ex post facto law
Article 2.1 outlines the duty of the ___________and ________
president and vice
Qualifications for the president can be found_________________________
Article 2.5
Article 2.3 Describes the
___________of the president
A president,vice president and all civil servants shall be removed from office on ____________if convicted of treason,bribery,or other high crimes and misdemeanors
Article 3.1 Pertains to the ___________branch of government
Congress has the right to estabish_________courts
List of federal courts
US District Court
US Courts of Appeals
The authority of the Judicial branch is granted in ________of the Consitution
If a case as _______________
the Supreme Court hears the trial first
original jursdicition
________lets federal courts decide whether court decisions and laws are in keeping with the basic intent of the Constitution
judicial review
Article 4.4 gurantees that the federal government will allow every state and has a_________________government
_____________Explains how to
amend the Constitution
Article v
States this document is the Supreme law of the land
Article vi
How to ratify the Constution
Article vii