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113 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the supreme law of the land?
The Constitution
What does the constitution do?
1. Sets up the government
2. Defines the government
3. Protects basic rights of Americans
The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
We the People
What is an amendment?
1. A change (to the Constitution)
2. An addition (to the Constitution)
What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
The Bill of Rights
What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment
1. Speech
2. Religion
3. Assembly
4. Press
5. Petition the government
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
27
What did the Declaration of Independence ?
1. Announce our independence
2. Declared our independence
3. Said that the United States is free
What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
1. Life
2. Liberty
3. Pursuit of Happiness
What is freedom of religion?
You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
What is the economic system in the United States?
1. Capitalist Economy
2. Market Economy
What is the "rule of law?"
1. Everyone must follow the law.
2. Leaders must obey the law.
3. Government must obey the law.
4. No one is above the law.
Name one branch of part the government.
1. Congress/Legislative
2. President/Executive
3. The Courts/Judicial
What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
Check and balance/separation of powers
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
The President
Who makes federal laws?
1. Congress
2. Senate & House of Representatives
3. Legislature
What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
The Senate and House of Representatives
How many US Senators are there?
100
We elect a US Senator for how many years?
6
Who is one of your state's US Senators now?
Barbara Boxer
Diane Feinstein
The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
435
We elect a US Representative for how many years?
2
Name your US Representative
Barbara Lee (District 9)
Ellen Tauscher (District 10)
(I'm not sure which one is your district)
Who does a US Senator represent?
All people of the state.
Why do some states have more Representative than other states?
1. Because of the state's population
2. Because they have more people
3. Because some states have more people
We elect a President for how many years?
4
In what month do we vote for President?
November
What is the name of the President of the United States now?
Barack Obama
What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
Joe Biden
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
The Vice President
If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
The Speaker of the House
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
The President
Who signs bills to become laws?
The President
Who vetoes bills?
The President
What does the President's Cabinet do?
Advises the President
What are two Cabinet-level positions?
Attorney General
Vice President
Secretaries of: Agriculture, commerce, defense, education, energy, health and human services, homeland security, housing and urban development, the interior, labour state, transportation, treasury and veterans affairs
What does the judicial branch do?
Reviews laws
Explains laws
Resolves disputes
Decides if a law goes against the Constitution
What is the highest court in the US?
The Supreme Court
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
9
Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
John G. Roberts, Jr.
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
To print money
To declare war
To create an army
To make treaties
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
Provide Schooling and Educations
Provide protection/police
Provide safety/fire departments
Issue driver's licenses
Approve zoning and land use
Who is the Governor of your state now?
Arnold Swartzenager
What is the capital of your state?
Sacramento
Who is the sexiest girl you know?
Stephanie Jones
What are the two major political parties in the United States?
Democratic and Republican
What is the political party of the President now?
Democratic
What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
Nancy Pelosi
There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
Citizens 18 and older can vote
You don't have to pay a poll tax to vote
Any citizen can vote (women and men)
A male citizen of any race can vote
What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
Serve on a jury
Vote in a federal election
Name one right only for United States citizens.
Vote in a federal election
Run for federal office
What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
Right to bear arms
Freedom to petition the government
Freedoms of: Expression, speech, assembly, worship
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
The United States
The Flag
What is one promise you make when you become a US citizen
Give up loyalty to other countries
Defend the Constitution and laws of the US
Obey the law of the US
Serve in the US military (if needed)
Serve (do important work) for the nation (if needed)
Be loyal to the United States
Name one right only for United States citizens.
Vote in a federal election
Run for federal office
How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?
18 and older
What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
Right to bear arms
Freedom to petition the government
Freedoms of: Expression, speech, assembly, worship
What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
Vote
Help with a campaign
Join a political party, civic group or community group
Give an elected official your opinion on an issues
Call Senators and Representatives
Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
Run for office
Write to a newspaper
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
The United States
The Flag
When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
April 15
What is one promise you make when you become a US citizen
Give up loyalty to other countries
Defend the Constitution and laws of the US
Obey the law of the US
Serve in the US military (if needed)
Serve (do important work) for the nation (if needed)
Be loyal to the United States
When must all men register for the Selective Service?
18
Between 18 and 26
How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?
18 and older
What is one reason colonists came to America
Freedom
Political liberty
Religious freedom
Economic opportunity
Practice their religion
Escape persecution
What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
Vote
Help with a campaign
Join a political party, civic group or community group
Give an elected official your opinion on an issues
Call Senators and Representatives
Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
Run for office
Write to a newspaper
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
American Indians
Native Americans
When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
April 15
When must all men register for the Selective Service?
18
Between 18 and 26
What is one reason colonists came to America
Freedom
Political liberty
Religious freedom
Economic opportunity
Practice their religion
Escape persecution
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
American Indians
Native Americans
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
Africans
People from Africa
Who is the cutest Puppy Fluff in the United States?
Juneau
The Monkey Dog
Why did the colonists fight the British?
Taxation without representation
Boarding & Quartering (the housing of British troops in private homes)
Lack of self-government
The English are limey bastards
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Jefferson
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
July 4, 1776
There were 13 original states. Name three.
New Hampshire
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Delaware
Maryland
Virginia
N. Carolina
S. Carolina
Georgia
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
The Constitution was written.
When was the Constitution written?
1787
The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the US Constitution. Name one of the writers.
James Madison
Alexander Hamilton
John Jay
Publius
What is on thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
US Diplomat (AKA Whoring it up in France)
Oldest member of the Consitutional Convention
First Postmaster General of the United States
Writer of "Poor Richard's Almanac"
Started the first free libraries
Who is the "Father of Our Country"?
George Washington
Who was the first President?
George Washington
What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
The Louisiana Territory
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800's.
War of 1812
Mexican-American War
Civil War
Spanish-American War
Name the US war between the north and the south.
The Civil War
The War between the States
Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
Slavery
Economic reasons
States' rights
What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?
Free the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
Saved/preserved the Union
Led the United States during the Civil War
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
Freed the slaved
Freed slaves in the Confederacy, Confederate States, and most Southern states
What did Susan B. Anthony do?
Fought for women's rights
Fought for civil rights
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900's.
World War I
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Persian Gulf War
Who was President during World War I?
Woodrow Wilson (Who is also Stephanie's favorite President)
Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
Franklin Roosevelt
Who did the United States fight in World War II?
Japan, Germany and Italy
Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
World War II
During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
Communism
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
The Civil Rights movement
What did Martin Luther King Jr. do?
Fought for civil rights
Worked for equality for all Americans
What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the US?
Terrorists attacked the United States.
Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.
Cherokee, Navajo, Sioux, Chippewa, Choctaw, Pueblo, Apache, Iroquois, Creek, Blackfeet, Seminole, Cheyenne, Arawak, Shawnee, Mohegan, Huron, Oneida, Lakota, Crow, Teton, Hopi, Inuit
Name on of the two longest rivers in the United States.
Missouri
Mississippi
What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
Pacific
What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
Atlantic
Name on US Territory
Puerto Rico
US Virgin Islands
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Guam
Name one state that borders Canada.
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington, Alaska
Name one state that borders Mexico.
California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas
What is the capital of the United States?
Washington, D.C.
Where is the Statue of Liberty
New York Harbor
Liberty Island
Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
Because there were 13 original colonies
Why does the flag have 50 stars?
Because each star represent one of the 50 states.
What is the name of the national anthem?
The Star-Spangled Banner
When do we celebrate Independence Day?
July 4th
Name two national US holidays.
New Year's Day, MLK Jr. Day, Presidents' Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veterans Day, THanksgiving Day, Christmas
Who loves you and wishes you luck on your interview?
I do! xoxox