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11 Cards in this Set

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The "Peculiar" South
"Peculiar" typically a euphemism method for slavery.
*Esp. the North and South's fundamental differences in terms of slavery.
(More?)
James Henry Hammond
From S.Carolina, argued that slaveholding was essentially a matter of property rights. (Circa 1845)
-Views represented many Southerners
-Slaves were legal property & property= sacred
William Harper
Former US Senator in S.Carolina, charged in 1837 that Jefferson's famous dictum about equality in the Declaration was no more than a "sentimental phrase."

*Many slave holders believe ranks natural.
Paternalism
Many slaveholders saw themselves as paternal guardians & protectors of slaves.
-"obligations"
-"benevolent guardians of an inferior race"
"Dixie Difference"
Americans have always been determined to define the difference between South & North.
(One historian called it this)
-"Both American & something different" / counterculture

*most acutely true in decades before Civil War
Manumissions
...
"cotton snobs"
New (in 1840's), very rich planters from Alabama & Mississippi.
*got all their wealth from slave labor on cotton plantations
William Faulkner
Immortalized the new wealthy planter in his novel "Absalom, Absalom!" (1936)* AFTER ALL THIS
-Character = Sutpen, self-made
"need land, niggers, and a fine house"
Paul Carrington Cameron
North Carolina's largest slaveholder, viewed himself as paternalistic master.
(?)
The Ostrich Game
Women had to ignore the existence of mulatto children as products of husband's affairs w/ slaves.
-Slavery yet another thing white women had to ignore & submit too.
Southern Quarterly Review
"The proper place for a woman is at home. One of her highest privileges is to be politically merged in the existence of her husband."

-Southern men did not tolerate women abolitionists at all, growing discussion in 40's & 50's.