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12 Cards in this Set

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renal corpuscle
bowman's capsule + glomerulus
bowman's capsule
cup-shaped structure around glomerulus.
-visceral: surrounds capillary tuft; consists of podocytes that sort what particles go through.
-parietal: outer epithelium
capsular space
where substances that leak through visceral layer sit waiting to pass into proximal tubule
proximal conv. tubule
-most reabsorption of H2O
-Active reabsorption of small molecules
to surrounding peritublar capillaries
-secretion of highly charged particles
descending henle's loop
reabsorption of H2O, Na and Cl
Ascending Henle's loop
reabsorption of Na Cl
Distal conv. tubule
secretion: H2, NH4+, urea; excrete Nitrogen.
Control of blood pressure w/ special cells.
Collecting tubule, duct, papillary duct
urine enters from many nephrons; released into minor calyx.
Last point of concentration = ADH
Ureters
transport urine via peristaltic contractions to bladder. Enters at oblique angle to prevent backwash out of bladder into tubule
ureterovesicular junction
where painful kidney stones often occur.
bladdar/detrusor
storage of urine; muscular wall is detrusor, autonomic
Sympathetic/Parasympathetic Response to bladder/urinary system
Sympathetic: relax the bladder; don't void, you don't have time - you must fight/flight. Keep the sphincters tite.

Parasympathetic: loosen the sphincters; let it go. you're resting/reposing