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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
renal corpuscle
bowman's capsule + glomerulus
bowman's capsule
cup-shaped structure around glomerulus.
-visceral: surrounds capillary tuft; consists of podocytes that sort what particles go through.
-parietal: outer epithelium
capsular space
where substances that leak through visceral layer sit waiting to pass into proximal tubule
proximal conv. tubule
-most reabsorption of H2O
-Active reabsorption of small molecules
to surrounding peritublar capillaries
-secretion of highly charged particles
descending henle's loop
reabsorption of H2O, Na and Cl
Ascending Henle's loop
reabsorption of Na Cl
Distal conv. tubule
secretion: H2, NH4+, urea; excrete Nitrogen.
Control of blood pressure w/ special cells.
Collecting tubule, duct, papillary duct
urine enters from many nephrons; released into minor calyx.
Last point of concentration = ADH
transport urine via peristaltic contractions to bladder. Enters at oblique angle to prevent backwash out of bladder into tubule
ureterovesicular junction
where painful kidney stones often occur.
storage of urine; muscular wall is detrusor, autonomic
Sympathetic/Parasympathetic Response to bladder/urinary system
Sympathetic: relax the bladder; don't void, you don't have time - you must fight/flight. Keep the sphincters tite.

Parasympathetic: loosen the sphincters; let it go. you're resting/reposing