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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the different parts of the urinary system?
Kidneys, ureter, bladder and urethra.
the process of emptying the bladder. Voiding or urination.
When/how does a person feel a desire to void?
When the bladder is filled to about 200 to 300 mL (in an adult), stretch receptors in the bladder are stimulated. This creates the desire to void.
urinary incontinence
Any involuntary loss of urine
urinary retention
when urine is produced, but is not excreted completely from the bladder.
involuntary urination that occurs after an age when continence should be present. Is common in little boys.
effects of aging on bladder
~decreased bladder muscle tone leads to reduced capacity of bladder.
~less concentrated urine.
~urine retention & stasis
prevent the re-absorption of water and electrolytes. Ex. coffee.
drugs that change urine color
~anticoagulants cause hematuria
~diuretics lighten urine
~Pyridium causes orange or orange-red urine
~Levadopa (for parkinsons) lead to brown or black urine.
Nursing assessment of urine
color, odor, amount, frequency
24-hour urine output is less than 100 mL. Kidney shutdown or renal failure.
difficulty or pain in voiding.
presence of sugar in urine
frequent urination during the night.
scanty or greatly diminished amount of urine voided in a given time. 24-hour urine output is 100-400 mL
excessive amount of urine output
pus in the urine. urine appears cloudy
normal range of specific gravity
1.010 to 1.025
Functional urinary incontinence
altered environment. sensory, cognitive or mobility deficits.
Reflex urinary incontinence
Neurologic impairment
Stress urinary incontinence
age related, weak pelvic muscles. Incidents are caused by coughing, sudden movement, sneezing and laughter.
Intravenous pyelography: radiographic examination of the kidney and ureter after a contrast material is injected intravenously.
Retrograde Pyelography
radiographic examination of the kidney and ureters after a contrast material is injected indto the renal pelvis through the ureter.
Kegel exercises
AKA PFMT, targets the toning and strengthening of inner muscles (under bladder) that support bladder.