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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Urgency
the sudden, almost uncontrollable, need to urinate
Dysuria
painful, burning urination
Cystitis
an inflammatory condition of the urinary bladder or ureters characterized by pain, urgency, and frequency of urination and hematuria
Pyelonephritis
a diffuse pyogenic infection of the pelvis and parenchyma of the kidneys
Frequency
abnormal repetition of voiding
Pyuria
the presence of an excessive number of WBCs in the urine
Proteinuria
the presence of abnormally large quantities of protein in the urine
Bacteriuria
the presence of bacteria in the urine
Urosepsis
condition in which bacteria has spred from the urinary tract into the blood
Glycosuria
abnormal presence of sugar, especially glucose, in the urine
Enuresis
incontinence of urine, especially nocturnal bed-wetting
Polyuria
the excretion of an abnormally large quantity of urine
Oliguria
a diminished capacity to form and pass urine
Anuria
the absence of urine production or a urinary output of less than 100mL per day
Nocturia
excessive urination at night
Hematuria
abnormal presence of blood in the urine
Residual Urine
urine that remains in the bladder after urination
Urinary Retention
state in which an individual experiences incomplete emptying of the bladder
Urinary Incontinence
inability to control urination
Urinary Overflow
a condition that occurs when a bladder is extremely distended with urine and the patient voids or leaks only a small amount of it
Total Incontinence
state in which an individual experiences a continuous & unpredictable loss of urine
Stress Incontinence
state in which an individual experiences a loss of urine of less than 50ml occuring with increased abdominal pressure, such as experienced during coughing, sneezing, or laughing
Reflex Incontinence
state in which a normally continent individual is unable to reach the toilet in time to avoid unintentional loss of urine
Urethritis
inflammation of the urethra
Prostatitis
acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland
Hematuria
abnormal presence of blood in the urine
Residual Urine
urine that remains in the bladder after urination
Urinary Retention
state in which an individual experiences incomplete emptying of the bladder
Urinary Incontinence
inability to control urination
Urinary Overflow
a condition that occurs when a bladder is extremely distended with urine and the patient voids or leaks only a small amount of it
Total Incontinence
state in which an individual experiences a continuous & unpredictable loss of urine
Stress Incontinence
state in which an individual experiences a loss of urine of less than 50ml occuring with increased abdominal pressure, such as experienced during coughing, sneezing, or laughing
Reflex Incontinence
state in which an individual experiences an involuntary loss of urine occuring at somewhat predictable intervals when a specific bladder volume is reached
Urethritis
inflammation of the urethra
Prostatitis
acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland
Functional Incontinence
state in which a normally continent individual is unable to reach the toilet in time to avoid unintentional loss of urine
Urinary Diversions
surgical rerouting of urine from the kidneys to a site other than the bladder
Urinary Analgesic
pyridium & urogesic
Urinary Stimulants
urecholine, duvoid, & urabeth
Urinary Antispasmodics
urispas, ditropan, & probanthine
Diuresis
increased urine formation
Ketonuria
ketones in the urine
Micturition
act of voiding
Nephron
functional unit of the kidney that forms urine
Nephrostomy
surgical procedure in which a flank incision is made so that a catheter can be inserted into the kidney pelvis to drain the kidney
Renal Calculi
kidney stone
Uremic Syndrome
the spectrum of symptoms accompanying uremia
Urinalysis
a physical, chemical, or microscopic examination of urine
Polyuria
production of abnormally large amounts of urine
anuria
lack of urinary production
Nocturnal Enuresis
involuntary urination during the night
Nocturnal Enuresis
involuntary urination during the night