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25 Cards in this Set

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Give the normal color range
for urine.
pale yellow to amber
Give the normal transparency for urine.
Clear and transparent.
Give the normal odor for urine.
Slightly aromatic.
What is the range of normal pH values for urine?
4.5-8.0
What is the normal specific gravity for urine?
1.001-1.030
What is the average pH for urine?
6.0
Give the 11 normal components of urine.
water,urea,sodium,potassium,
phosphate,sulfate ions,creatinine,uric acid, calcium, magnesium, bicarbonate ions
If glucose is present in the urine, what problem does this signify?
Abnormally high sugar levels that should have been fully absorbed.
If glucose is present in the urine, what disorder is this called?
GLYCOSURIA
IF THERE IS ALBUMIN IN THE URINE, WHAT PROBLEM IS SIGNIFICANT?
INCREASED PERMEABILITY OF GLOMERULAR MEMBRANE AND PROBLEMS WITH THE GLOMERULUS
WHAT IS THE DISEASE CALLED WHEN THERE IS ALBUMIN IN THE URINE?
ALBUMINARIA
WHEN THERE IS KETONES IN THE URINE, WHAT PROBLEM IS OCCURING?
ABNORMAL METABOLIC PROCESSES ARE OCCURING WHICH SIGNIFY THAT FAT IS BEING USED FOR ENERGY
WHAT IS THE DISEASE REFERRED TO WITH SYMPTOMS OF KETONES IN THE URINE?
KETONURIA
IF THERE IS BLOOD IN THE URINE, WHAT PROBLEM DOES THIS SIGNIFY?
PROBLEM WITH THE URINARY TRACT
WHAT DISEASE IS ASSOCIATED WITH BLOOD IN THE URINE?
HEMATURIA
IF THERE IS HEMOGLOBIN IN THE BLOOD, WHAT PROBLEM DOES THIS SIGNIFY?
FRAGMENTATION OF THE RED BLOOD CELLS, AND A PROBLEM WITH THE TUBULES BECAUSE THEY LEAK INTO FILTRATE
WHAT IS THE DISEASE ASSOCIATED WITH HEMOGLOBIN IN THE BLOOD?
HEMOGLOBINURIA
WHAT IS THE PROBLEM WITH NITRITES IN THE URINE?
BACTERIAL INFECTION
WHEN THERE IS BILIRUBIN IN THE URINE, WHAT PROBLEM DOES IT INDICATE?
PROBLEM WITH THE LIVER
WHAT DISEASE IS ASSOCIATED WITH BILIRUBIN IN THE URINE?
BILIRUBINURIA
IF THERE ARE WBCS IN THE URINE, WHAT PROBLEM ARISES?
INFLAMMATION OF URINARY TRACT
WHAT IS THE DISEASE ASSOCIATED WITH WBCS IN URINE?
PYURIA
IF THERE ARE CASTS IN THE URINE, WHAT PROBLEM DOES THIS INDICATE?
PROBLEM WITH KIDNEY OR URINARY
TRACT
IF THERE IS TOO MUCH OR AN ABSENCE OF UROBLINOGEN, WHAT PROBLEM IS OCCURING?
LIVER PROBLEM
IF THE PH OF URINE IS TOO HIGH, WHAT PROBLEM IS OCCURING?
BACTERIAL INFECTION, PROBLEM WITH KIDNEY OR URINARY TRACT