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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Movements of the shoulder girdls
1- Protraction
2- Retraction
3- Elevation
4- Depression
5- Upward rotation.
6- Downward rotation.
The muscles which elevate the shoulder girdle are
1- Rhomboids.
2- Levator Scapulae.
3- Trapezius.
Mscls. Depress Shoulder girdle
1- Pectoralis minor.
2- Subclavius.
3- Thoracic portion of trapezius.
Protraction shldr grdle
1- Pectoralis Minor.
2- Serratus Anterior.
Retraction shldr girdle
1- Rhomboids.
2- Trapezius.
Upward rotation of the shldr grdle
1- Trapezius.
2- Serratus anterior.
Downward rotation shldr grdle
1- Pectoralis minor.
2- Rhomboids.
Mammary gland consists of
15-20 glandular pyramidal lobes + superficial fascia
The lactiferous ducts...
Drain the lobes and open into the nipple.
Cooper ligaments' function is
attach the breast to skin and deep layer of superficial fascia
Another name for the nipple
mammary papilla
The tail of spence pierces
the deep fascia
Arterial supply of the breast
Mammary branches from lateral thoracis artery
Small bracnches from intercostal artery.
What muscles does the breast lie on?
1- Pectoralis major.
2- Serratus anterior.
3- External oblique muscle of the abdomen.
The ribs over which the breast extends
2nd to 6th
Whats the origin of the pectoralis major muscle?
1- Clavicular head: Medial half of anterior surface of the clavicle.
2- Sternocostal head: Sternum & upper 6 costal cartilages.
What's the nerve supply of the pct. major?
Medial & lateral pectoral nerves.
What's the origin of the pct. minor?
3-5 ribs.
Insertion of the pectoralis minor:
Medial border & upper surface of the coracoid process
Nerve supply of pct. minor?
Med. & lat. pect. Nerves
Origin of the subclavius:
Junction between 1st rib & first costal cartilage.
Innervation of the subclavius:
Nerve to subclavius
Insertion of subclavius
Subclavius groove of clavicle
The clavipectoral fascia invests which muscles
Pectoralis minor
The clavipectoral fascia is pierced by:
1- Thoraco acromial artery.
2- Cephalic vein.
3- Lateral pectoral nerve.
4- Lymphatics.
The apex of the axilla is formed by:
1- outer border of first rib.
2- upper margin of the scapula.
3- middle third of the clavicle.
The anterior wall of the axilla is formed by:
1- Pectoralis major.
2- Pectoralis minor.
3- Subclavius.
4- Clavipectoral fascia.
The anterior fold of the axilla is formed by
Pectoralis major.
The posterior wall of the axilla is formed by:
1- Teres major,
2- Subscapularis.
3- Latissimus dorsi.
The posterior fold of the axilla is formed by:
1- Teres major laterally.
2- Latissimus dorsi medially.
The medial wall of axilla is formed by:
1- Ribs, Intercostal muscles.
2- Serratus anterior.
The lateral wall of the axilla is formed by:
1- Intertubercular sulcus.
what are the contents of the axilla?
1- Axillary artery.
2- Axillary vein.
3- Brachial plexus
4- Axillary lymph nodes
5- Axillary fat