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23 Cards in this Set

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Brachial plexus Upper trunk lesion causes?
Trauma like birth or motorcycle accident, causes Waiters tip (erb's palsy). C5, C6.
Axillary and suprascapular nerve lesioned causing: medially rotated and adducted shoulder.
Musculocutaneous: forearm extended and pronated, also loss of sensory of lateral forearm to base of thumb.
C7 root lesion?
compression by cervical disk lesion
Lower Trunk of Brachial Plexus lesion?
compressed by cervical rib or by pancoast tumor of lung. leads to klumpke's palsy
Inferior dislocation or fracture of surgical neck of humerus?
axillary nerve damage, can't abduct arm to horizon, and sensory loss over deltoid
Radial nerve (C5,6,7,8) lesion at axilla
Saturday night palsy or improper use of crutch. loss of extensors in arm (wrist drop) and sensory loss of posterior arm, forearm, dorsum of thumb
Mid shaft of humerus at radial groove or lateral epicondyle.
Radial nerve damage. Loss of arm extensors (wrist drop) and sensory loss of posterior arm.
Supracondylar Fracture of humerus damages what nerve?
Median nerve.
- weakened wrist flexion
- loss of pronation
- loss of flexion of lateral 3 digits and inability to make a fist (Hand of Benediction)
- Loss of thumb opposition (ape/simian hand)
- Sensory loss of palmar surface of hand
Carpal tunnel compression or laceration
Median nerve damage. loss of thumb opposition (ape/simian hand).
- loss of first 2 lumbricals
- Thenar atrophy
- Sensory loss over palmar surface
Fracture of medial epicondyle of humerus?
Ulnar nerve damage.
- Loss of hypothenar muscles, 3-4 lumbricals, all interossei and adductor pollicis
- loss of abduction and addution of digits 2-5.
- weakened IP extension of 2-5
- loss of thumb adduction
- atrophy of hypothenar eminence
- Claw Hand
-
Fracture of the Hook of the Hammate or just the Hammate
Ulnar nerve damage.
- Loss of hypothenar muscles, 3-4 lumbricals, all interossei and adductor pollicis
- loss of abduction and addution of digits 2-5.
- weakened IP extension of 2-5
- loss of thumb adduction
- atrophy of hypothenar eminence
- Claw Hand
Midshaft clavicle fracture
Ulnar nerve damage.
- Loss of hypothenar muscles, 3-4 lumbricals, all interossei and adductor pollicis
- loss of abduction and addution of digits 2-5.
- weakened IP extension of 2-5
- loss of thumb adduction
- atrophy of hypothenar eminence
- Claw Hand
Superficial laceration of thenar muscle?
Recurrent branch of Median nerve.
Compression of deep forearm damages what nerve?
Anterior interosseous nerve
Stab wound to lateral chest?
Long thoracic nerve damage
winged scapula
Tennis elbow
lateral epicondylitis, repeated use leads to tiny tears in tendons and muscles.
Golfer's elbow
Medial epicondylitis, repeated use leads to tiny tears in tendons and muscles.
Anterior hip dislocation?
Obturator L2-4,
cant adduct thigh
sensory loss medial thigh
Pelvic fracture
Femoral L2-4.
can't flex thigh or extend leg
sensory loss in anterior thigh and medial leg
Trauma to lateral aspect of leg or fibula neck frature
Common Peroneal (L4-S2)
Foot drop deficit
sensory loss of anterolateral leg and dorsal aspect of foot
Knee Trauma, what nerve deficit?
Tibial (L4-S2)
Loss of foot inversion and plantarflexion; toe flexion
sensory loss of sole of foot
Posterior Hip dislocation or Polio
Superior Gluteal nerve (L4-S1)
loss of thigh abduction.
Positive trendelenburg sign. (hip drops when standing on opposite foot)
Posterior hip dislocation
Inferior Gluteal (L5-S2)
Cant jump, climb stairs, or rise from a seated position, cant push inferiorly (downward)
Sciatic Nerve (L4-S2) splits into common peroneal and tibial nerves. Peroneal is "PED" Tibial is"TIP" what is PED and TIP
PED = Peroneal Everts and Dorsiflexes, if injured, foot dropPED
TIP = Tibial Inverts and Plantarflexes, if injured, can't stand on TIPtoes.