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597 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abacus
frame with balls for calculating
abdication
giving up control authority
abet
help/encourage smb (in doing wrong)
abhor
to hate to detest
abjure
promise or swear to give up
abraded
rubbed off worn away by friction
abstruse
difficult to comprehend obscure
abut
border on
abysmal
bottomless extreme
acarpous
effete no longer fertile worn out
adamant
kind of stone inflexible
affable
polite and friendly
affinity
close connection relationship
agog
eager/excited
ail
trouble be ill
alcove
recess/partially enclosed place
aloof
reserved indifferent
amortize
end (a debt) by setting aside money
antidote
medicine used against a poison or a disease
apartheid
brutal racial discrimination
aplomb
self-confidence
apropos
appropriate to the situation apt
arabesque
a complex ornate design
arboreal
of connected with trees
ardor
enthusiasm
argot
jargon slang
arrant
in the highest degree
ascertain
get to know
ascribe
consider to be the origin of or belonging to
aseptic
surgically clean
asperity
roughness harshness ill temper irritability
aspersion
slander
assail
with attack violently
astute
clever quick at seeing to get an advantage
atonement
repayment death of Jesus
attune
bring into harmony
auspicious
favorable successful prosperous
auxiliary
helping supporting
avid
eager greedy
avow
admit. Declare openly
baleful
harmful ominous causing evil
balk
obstacle purposely to get on the way of
baneful
causing harm or ruin pernicious destructive
barrage
artificial obstacle built across a river
bask
in enjoy warmth and light
belabor
beat hard
bequest
arrangement to give smth at death
berate
scold sharply
bereft
rob or dispossess of smth (material)
bewilder
puzzle confuse
bilge
bulge the protuberance of a cask
blandishment
flattery coaxing
blandness
polite manner comforting uninteresting
blatant
noisy and rough
boisterous
loud noisy rough lacking restraint
brash
hasty rush cheeky saucy
brass
yellow metal (mixing copper and zinc)
brazen
made of brass
brittle
easily broken
broach
bring up announce begin to talk about
brook
to tolerate endure
cabal
a scheme or plot a group of plotters
cadge
to beg to get by begging
cajole
use flattery or deceit to persuade
calipers
metal supports attached to the legs measuring instrument
calumny
slander aspersion
cant
insincere talk/jargon
cantankerous
bad-tempered/quarrelsome
canvass
discuss thoroughly sort of touting
centurion
leader of a unit of 100 soldiers
chastened
corrected punished
chastisement
punishment
chauvinist
a blindly devoted patriot
churl
bad-tempered person
clinch
come to grips/settle conclusively
cling
to resist separation
cloture
closing device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting
coalescing
coming together and uniting into one substance
coddle
treat with care and tenderness
coeval
of the same period coexisting
colander
bowl-shaped vessel with many holes used to drain off water
collusion
secret agreement for a deceitful purpose
commemorate
keep the memory of
commodious
having plenty of space for what is needed
compunction
feeling of regret for one's action
congeal
make or become stiff and solid
connotation
suggestion in addition to
consequential
pompous self important
console
give comfort or sympathy to
conspicuous
easily seen remarkable
consternation
surprise and fear dismay
constrain
compel
consummate
perfect/make perfect/complete
contemn
to scorn or despise
contumacious
insubordinate rebellious
conviction
convincing firm belief
convoke
call together summon
cordial
warm and sincere
cordon
line (of police acting as a guard)
cornucopia
abundant supply
corroboration
additional strengthening evidence
countenance
to favor or approve of
countervail
counterbalance
covert
disguised
coy
shy/modest (esp of a girl)
crass
very great (es. stupidity)
cravat
piece of linen worn as a necktie
curmudgeon
bad-tempered person
cursory
quick hurried
curtail
make shorter then was planned
dawdler
person who is slow waste of time
debacle
a breakup overthrow sudden disaster
decree
order given by authority
decry
disapprove of
deferential
showing respect
deluge
great flood heavy rush of water
demagogue
person appealing not to reasons
denouement
an outcome or solution the unraveling of a plot
deposition
dethronement depositing
deprave
make morally bad corrupt
dereliction
deserting and leaving to fall into ruins
descry
catch sight of see smth in the distance
desiccant
substance used to absorb moisture
desuetude
cessation of use disuse
detraction
slandering verbal attack aspersion
detumescence
diminishing or lessening of swelling
diaphanous
transparent gauzy
discomfit
confuse embarrass
disconcert
upset the self-possession of
discountenance
refuse to approve of
disdain
look on with contempt
disencumber
free from encumbrance
disinter
dig up from the earth
dislodge
move force from the place occupied
dismal
sad gloomy miserable
dissent
have a different opinion refuse to assent
distraught
distracted violently upset in mind
divestiture
taking off getting rid of giving up
doggerel
trivial poorly constructed verse
dormant
in a state of inactivity but awaiting development
dote
show much fondness center one's attention
drawl
slow way of speaking
droll
jesting
drone
male bee person who isn't self-employed
dud
no use person smth that fails
dulcet
melodious harmonious
duplicity
deliberate deception
duress
threats to compel smb
dynamo
a generator something that produces electric current
earthenware
dishes made of baked clay
ecumenical
representing the whole Christian world
edacious
voracious devouring
eddy
circular or spiral movement (e.g.. of wind)
effete
infertile worn out weak
effluvia
outflow in a stream of particles a noxious odor or vapor
egress
way out exit
emaciate
make thin and weak
embezzle
use in a wrong way for one's own benefit
emote
stir up excite
encomium
warm or glowing praise eulogy panegyric
encumbrance
burden things that get on the way of
engrossing
taken up all the time or attention writing in large or formal
enmity
hatred being an enemy
ensign
flag/badge
entangle
put into difficulties
enthral
please greatly/enslave (fig)
entreat
ask earnestly
enzyme
catalyst
epicurean
devoted to pleasure (sensuous enjoyment)
epistle
letter
epithet
adjective
equable
steady regular
equanimity
calmness of temperament
equipoise
equal distribution of weight equilibrium
equivocal
having a double or doubtful meaning suspicious
eradicate
get rid of pull up by the roots
erratic
irregular in behaviour or opinion
eschew
avoid
espouse
marry give one's support to
evince
to show clearly to indicate
excoriation
severe criticism
exorbitant
much too high or great
expatiate
to roam wander freely
expedient
likely to be useful for a purpose
expiation
ending expiring
expostulate
argue earnestly to dissuade correct or protest
expurgate
to remove obscenity purify censor
exscind
to cut out cut away
extenuate
reduce the strength of lessen seriousness partially excuse
extirpate
to destroy exterminate cut out exscind
extol
praise highly
extort
obtain by threats violence
extralegal
outside the law
extricable
that can be freed
exuberance
state of growing vigorously being full of life
facile
easily done
feckless
lacking purpose or vitality ineffective careless
fecund
fertile
feint
pretend
ferment
substance become excited
ferret
discover by searching search
fervid
showing earnest feeling
fetid
stinking
fetter
to shackle put in chains
feud
bitter quarrel over a long period of time
figurehead
carved image on the prow of a ship
finesse
delicate way of dealing with a situation
fission
splitting or division (esp. of cells)
fixate
stare at
flak
criticism/anti-aircraft guns
flamboyant
brightly colored florid
flinch
draw move back wince
flop
fail/move/fall clumsily
florid
very much ornamented naturally red (e.g.. of face)
foible
defect of character (a person is wrongly proud)
foil
prevent from carrying out contrast
foppish
like a man who pays too much attention to his clothes
forage
food for horses and cattle
forbear
refrain from be patient ancestor
forbearance
patience willingness to wait
ford
shallow place in a river (to cross)
forswear
renounce disallow repudiate
fracas
noisy quarrel
frenetic
frantic frenzied
froward
intractable not willing to yield or comply stubborn
fulsome
disgusting offensive due to excessiveness
garble
make unfair selection from facts
garner
to gather and save to store up
gaucherie
socially awkward tactless behavior
glean
gather facts in small quantities
glut
supply to much fill to excess
gossamer
soft light delicate material
grave
serious requiring consideration
graze
touch or scrape lightly in passing
hack
cut roughly hired horse
harbinger
smth or smb that foretells the coming of
harrow
to distress create stress or torment
haughty
arrogant conceited
heinous
odious (of crime)
hermetic
sealed by fusion
hew
make by hard work cut (by striking)
highbrow
(person) with superior tastes
hirsute
hairy shaggy
hoi
polloi the masses the rabble
homiletics
act of preaching
hone
stone used for sharpening tools
hoodwink
trick mislead
husk
worthless outside part of anything
hypocrisy
falsely making oneself appear to be good
idiosyncrasy
personal mannerism
idyll
a carefree episode or experience
ignoble
dishonorable common undignified
ignominious
shameful dishonorable undignified disgraceful
illicit
unlawful forbidden
imbroglio
complicated and embarrassing situation
immaculate
pure faultless
impediment
smth that hinders (e.g. stammer)
imperative
urgent essential
imperious
commanding haughty arrogant
imperviousness
haughty arrogant commanding
implicate
show that smb has a share
implicit
implied though not plainly expressed
importune
beg urgently solicit (of a prostitute)
imprecation
an invocation of evil a curse
impudent
rash indiscreet
impugned
challenged to be doubted
impute
to attribute to a cause or source ascribe
inadvertent
not paying proper attention
inasmuch
since because
incense
make angry
incessant
often repeated continual
inchoate
not yet fully formed rudimentary elementary
incipient
beginning
incise
engrave make a cut in
incorrigibility
cannot be cured or corrected
incredulous
skeptical unwilling to believe
inculcate
fix firmly by repetition
incumbents
official duties
incursion
a raid a sudden attack
indefatigability
not easily exhaustible tirelessness
indelible
that cannot be rubbed out
indigenous
native
indistinct
not easily heard seen clearly marked
indomitable
not easily discouraged or subdued
ineffable
to great to be described in words
ineluctable
certain inevitable
inferno
hell
infuse
put pour fill
inimical
harmful or friendly
inimitable
defying imitation unmatchable
inscrutable
incapable of being discovered or understood
insensible
unconscious unresponsive unaffected
insouciant
unconcerned carefree
insurrection
rising of people to open resistance to
interdict
prohibit forbid
interim
as an installment
intersperse
place here and there
intrepid
fearless brave undaunted
inveigh
to attack verbally denounce deprecate
inveterate
deep-rooted. long-established
invincible
too strong to be defeated
involute
complex
irate
angry
ire
anger
irksome
tiresome
irrevocable
final and unalterable
itinerate
to travel from place to place to peregrinate
jocular
meant as a joke
judicious
sound in judgment wise
knit
draw together unite firmly
labyrinthine
to entangle the state of affairs
levity
lack of seriousness
libel
statement that damages reputation
liberality
free giving generosity
lien
legal claim until a debt on it is repaid
lionize
treat as a famous person
lithe
bending twisting
loll
rest to sit or stand in a lazy way hang (dog's tongue)
lope
move along with long strides
lucubrate
write in scholarly fashion
luculent
easily understood lucid clear
lugubrious
mournful excessively sad
lull
become quiet or less active
lurk
be out of view ready to attack
lustrous
being bright polished
macabre
gruesome suggesting death
macerate
make or become soft by soaking in water
machination
plot scheme (esp. evil)
malapropism
misuse of a word (for one that resembles it)
manacle
chains for the hands or feet
maudlin
sentimental in a silly or tearful way
maul
hurt by rough handling
mellifluous
sweetly flowing
mendicant
a beggar
mercurial
quick changeable in character fleeting
meretricious
attractive on the surface but of little value
meticulous
giving great attention to details
mettle
quality of endurance or courage
mettlesome
courageous high-spirited
middling
fairly good but not very good
minatory
menacing threatening
mince
pronounce or speak affectedly euphemize
molt
moult lose hair feathers before new growing
muffler
cloth worn round the neck/silencer
multifarious
varied motley greatly diversified
nadir
lowest weakest point
nascent
coming into existence emerging
nebulous
cloud-like hazy vague indistinct
negligent
taking too little care
nexus
a connection tie or link
nibble
show some inclination to accept (an offer)
noisome
offensive disgusting (smell)
nonplused
greatly surprised
nostrum
a quack remedy an untested cure
noxious
harmful
nugatory
trifling/worthless
obfuscate
to darken make obscure muddle
obloquy
abusively detractive language sharp criticism vituperation
obstreperous
noisy loud
obtrusive
projecting prominent undesirably noticeable
obtuse
blunt/stupid
odium
contempt dislike aversion
odor
smell favor reputation
ominous
threatening
overhaul
examine thoroughly to learn about the condition
overweening
presumptuously arrogant overbearing immoderate being a jerk
palatial
magnificent
palliate
lessen the severity of
palpitate
tremble beat rapidly and irregularly
panegyric
formal praise eulogy
pariah
an outcast a rejected and despised person
parsimonious
too economical miserly
peccadillo
small sin small weakness in one's character
pedestrian
commonplace trite unremarkable
pellucid
transparent easy to understand
penitent
feeling or showing regret
penurious
poor/stingy
peregrination
traveling about wandering
peremptory
urgent imperative unchallengeable ending debate
perilous
dangerous
peripatetic
wandering
perish
be destroyed decay
permeate
spread into every part of
pernicious
harmful injurious
perpetrate
be guilty commit (a crime)
personable
pleasing in appearance attractive
perspicacity
quick judging and understanding
petrified
taken away power (to think feel act)
petrify
to make hard rocklike
petrous
like a rock hard stony
petulant
unreasonably impatient
philistine
a smug ignorant person one who lacks knowledge
picaresque
involving clever rogues or adventurers
pied
of mixed colors
piquant
agreeably pungent stimulating
pique
hurt the pride or self-respect stir (curiosity)
pitfall
covered hole as a trap unsuspected danger
plaintive
mournful melancholy sorrowful
pliant
pliable easily bent shaped or twisted
plod
continue doing smth without resting
plumb
get to the root of
poignant
deeply moving keen
poncho
large piece of cloth
ponderous
heavy bulky dull
precepts
rules establishing standards of conduct
predilection
special liking mental preference
predominate
have more power than others
preen
tidy/show self-satisfaction
preponderance
greatness in number strength weight
presage
warning sign
preternatural
not normal or usual
prim
neat formal
proclivity
inclination
profane
worldly having contempt for God
profligacy
shameless immorality
profligate
wasteful prodigal licentious extravagant
profundity
depth
profuse
abundant/lavish
prolix
tiring because too long
propagation
increasing the number spreading extending
propinquity
nearness in time or place affinity of nature
propitiatory
conciliatory appeasing mitigating
propitious
auspicious presenting favorable circumstances
prosaic
everyday mundane commonplace trite pedestrian
protracted
prolonged
provident
frugal looking to the future
provisional
of the present time only
prudence
careful forethought
prudish
easily shocked excessively modest
prune
dried plum silly person
pugnacious
fond of in the habit of fighting
puissance
strength
punctilious
precise paying attention to trivialities
pundit
pedant authority on a subject
pungency
sharpness stinging quality
purvey
provide supply
pusillanimous
cowardly craven
putrefaction
becoming rotten
pyre
large pile of wood for burning
quack
person dishonestly claiming to smth
quaff
drink deeply
quail
lose courage turn frightened
qualm
feeling of doubt temporary feeling of sickness
quandary
state of doubt or perplexity
quell
suppress subdue
quixotic
generous unselfish
quotidian
banal everyday
rabble
mob crowd the lower classes of populace
raconteur
person who tells anecdotes
raffish
low vulgar base tawdry
ramify
to be divided or subdivided to branch out
rancorous
feeling bitterness spitefulness
rapacious
greedy (esp for money)
reactionary
opposing progress
rebuff
snub
recidivism
relapse into antisocial or criminal behavior
recompense
make payment to reward punish
recreancy
cowardice a cowardly giving up
recuperate
become strong after illness loss exhaustion
redoubtable
formidable causing fear
refulgent
shining brilliant
regale
to delight or entertain to feast
regicide
crime of killing a king
reiterate
say or do again several times
remonstrate
to protest object
render
deliver provide represent
repast
meal
repine
at be discontented with
requite
repay give in return
resort
to frequently visit
restive
refusing to move reluctant to be controlled
resuscitation
coming back to consciousness
retard
check hinder
rift
split crack dissension
rivet
fix take up secure metal pin
roll
call calling of names
rotund
rich and deep plump and round
ruffian
violent cruel man
rumple
make rough
salacious
obscene
salutary
remedial wholesome causing improvement
sanctimony
self-righteousness hypocritical with FALSE piety
sash
long strip worn round the waist
saturnine
gloomy dark sullen morose
savant
person of great learning
scabbard
sheath for the blade
scorch
become discolored/dry up/go at high speed
scurvy
mean contemptible
sedulous
persevering
sententious
short and pithy full of maxims/proverbs
sere
make hard and without feeling
sermon
reproving a person for his faults
serrated
having a toothed edge
serration
having a toothed edge
sever
break off
severance
severing
shrewd
astute showing sound judgement
shrill
sharp piercing
shunt
send from one track to another lay aside evade discussion
simper
(give a) silly/self-conscious smile
sinuous
winding undulating serpentine
skiff
small boat
slack
sluggish dull not tight
slake
to assuage to satisfy allay
slate
king of blue-grey stone propose criticize
snare
trap
snub
treat with contempt
sodden
soaked saturated
solvent
of the power of forming a solution
sophistry
fallacious reasoning faulty logic
sophomoric
self-assured though immature affected bombastic overblown
sordid
wretched comfortless contemptible
splenetic
bad-tempered irritable
splice
join (two ends)
spurn
have nothing to do reject or refuse
squalid
foul filthy
squander
spend wastefully
stanch
to stop the flow of a fluid
stentorian
extremely loud and powerful
stickler
person who insists on importance of smth
sting
smth sharp
stipple
paint with dots
stygian
hence dark gloomy
sublime
extreme astounding
suborn
induce by bribery or smth to commit perjury
substantiation
giving facts to support (statement)
subsume
include under a rule
succor
assistance relief in time of distress
sullied
to be stained or discredited
summarily
briefly without delay
sumptuous
magnificent
sundry
various miscellaneous separate
supercilious
disdainful characterized by haughty scorn
superfluous
more then is needed or wanted
supine
lying on the back slow to act passive
suppliant
asking humbly beseeching
supplicate
make a humble petition to
surfeit
satiate feed to fulness or to excess
susceptibility
sensitiveness
talon
claw of a bird of prey
tamp
tap or drive down by repeated light blows
tarnished
lost brightness
taut
tightly stretched
tautology
a repetition a redundancy
teetotal
oppose to alcohol
temerity
boldness brashness intrepidness
temperance
abstinence from alcohol self-control moderation
temperate
showing self-control
tenacity
firmness persistency adhesiveness tending to hang on
testiness
witness/evidence
timorous
fearful timid afraid
tonic
smth giving strength or energy
tout
person who worries others to buy smth to use his service
transgress
break go beyond (a limit)
travesty
parody/imitation
trepidation
alarm excited state of mind
trifling
unimportant
turbid
muddy having the sediment stirred up
turbulence
being uncontrolled violent
turgid
excessively ornate swollen or bloated
turpitude
wickedness shamefulness
tyro
tiro beginner
ubiquitous
present everywhere
ulterior
situated beyond
umbrage
offense resentment
uncouth
rough awkward
undulate
to move in wavelike fashion fluctuate
unencumbered
easy-going trifle
unfeigned
not pretended sincere
unscathed
unharmed unhurt
untoward
unfortunate inconvenient
upbraid
scold reproach
vagary
strange act or idea
valiant
brave
valorous
brave
vanquish
conquer
veer
change direction
venal
ready to do smth dishonest
veneer
surface appearance covering the TRUE nature
verdant
fresh and green
verisimilitude
appearing TRUE or real
veritable
real rightly named
verve
spirit vigor enthusiasm
vestige
trace or sign
vindictive
having a desire to revenge
virago
a loud domineering woman a scold or nag
vitiate
lower the quality weaken the strength
voluble
fluent
waffle
talk vaguely and without much result
waft
scent waving movement carry lightly through
wag
merry person
warmonger
person who stirs up war
wean
to turn away (from a habit)
welter
turmoil a bewildering jumble
wend
to go proceed
writ
written order
yarn
tale story fibers for knitting