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7 Cards in this Set

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What is Ability?
Ability is a general trait or capacity of an individual that is related to the performance of a variety of motor skills.
e.g. agility is the “ability” to quickly change directions. this general ability applies to the skills of spinning, twisting, cutting, dodging, etc.
How many motor abilities are required to successfully perform any motor skill?
It is generally accepted that a variety of motor abilities are required to successfully perform any motor skill.
Do people have diffent levels of motor abilities?
generally accepted that different people have different levels of these motor abilities.
Are these motor abilities general or specific?
What is not agreed upon, however, is whether these various motor abilities are highly related (general) or if they are relatively independent of each other (specific).
What is The General Motor Ability Hypothesis?
holds that there is one, global motor ability. Different people have differing levels of this ability and their potential for success in any motor skill is influenced by how much ability they possess. It also holds that if a person is good at one motor skill they have the potential to be good at all motor skills. also holds that if a person is good at one motor skill they have the potential to be good at all motor skills.
This makes sense if all motor abilities are related. For example, you could predict a high level of agility for someone who demonstrated a high level of speed.
What is motor capacity?
McCloy (1934) termed this global motor ability as Motor Capacity. He argued that our motor capacity was inborn. He developed the General Motor Capacity Test to measure capacity and to potentially predict sport achievement levels for individuals.
Is the motor capacity hypothesis valid?
very little research has supported the concept of one global motor capacity
Studies that have looked for the high correlations between specific motor skills that would be expected under the General Motor Ability Hypothesis have most often not been successful.