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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Virginia House of Burgess/New England Town Meetings
Early Examples of Representative Govt.
Declaration of Independence
Break away from Great Britain, Govt Should Protect Natural Rights
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution, Weak Central Govt--no executive, few powers
Washington
1st Rresident, set 2 term tradition, felt the US should stay neutral
Jefferson
Favored a strict constructionist view of the Constitution--except when the opportunity to obtain the Louisiana Purchase happened
Supreme Court Justice John Marshall
Believed in a strong central govt/Established Judicial Review in Marbury v. Madison case
Judicial Review
Power of the Supreme Court to declare a law or presidential action unconstitutional. Increased the power of the court, established in the case Marbury v Madison
Checks/Balances
Power of one branch to check on the others. Know Examples!

Ex. President vetoes a bill
Alexander Hamilton
Favored a strong central govt/Used elastic clause to justify National Bank
Elastic Clause
AKA "Necessary and Proper" Clause and Implied Powers--Allows congress to make all laws needed to carry out their delegated duties. Know examples!
Ex-National Bank
Federalism
Separation of Powers between the Federal and State Govts. Ex of state powers--marriage, education. Ex. of Fed laws--coining $, declaring war
Constitution
Corrected the problems of the Articles of Confederation: Strong Central Govt, 2 House Congress, Checks & Balances--review Bundle of Compromises
Bicameral Legislature
2 House Congress: House of Rep (based on population) and Senate (2 per state)
Landmark Supreme Court Cases
KNOW THEM!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! REVIEW YOUR PACKET