Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/25

Click to flip

25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Homestead Act of 1862
Congress gave 160 acres of free land to settlers if they cultivated it for 5 years.
Indentured Servants
Worked for 4-7 years in exchange for passage to america
Middle passage
Voyage to America on a slave ship
Steerage
passage in the ships cargo hold below the waterline
Ellis Island
The immigrant inspection station in New York Harbor
Government inspectors required what 3 things for entry to the US
Literavy tests-Ability to work-25$
Angle Island
The immigration inspection station in San Fransicon
Melting Pot
Immigrants will give up their culture &
language to blend into the “American” culture
Culture Shock
Confusion & anxiety resulting from immersion in a different culture
Ethnic Communities
Neighborhoods made up of immigrants from
the same country (same culture & language)
AMERICANIZATION MOVEMENT
Schools & volunteers that provided an
education to immigrants2
SOCIAL GOSPEL MOVEMENTme
Preached salvation (going to Heaven) through
(page 287) service to the poor (immigrants)
SETTLEMENT HOUSES
Community centers in city slums which provided
assistance and friendship to immigrants
education - health care - insurance- socials)
What 3 things did political machines offer immigrants in exchange for their vote?
JOBS - HOUSING - CITIZENSHIP
ALIEN ACTS
Raised residence requirements to become an
American citizen and able to votext3
NATIVISM
Overt favoritism towards native-born Americansom
Why did native-born Americans dislike
immigrants?
UNFAMILIAR CUSTOMS & LANGUAGE_
SUSPICION & FEAR
AMERICAN PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION
Launched vicious attacks on Catholic & Jewish
immigrants
IMMIGRATION RESTRICTION LEAGUE__
Campaigned to keep the “undesirable classes” (S. & E. Europeans) out of the U.S. using laws
to limit immigration
CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT
Banned almost all Chinese immigrationm
GENTLEMEN’S AGREEMENT
Japan agreed to limit it’s immigration to the U.S.
EMERGENCY QUOTA ACT OF 1921
Limited immigration to the U.S. by setting up
a quota system (sets the maximum number
allowed in)Tx
IMMIGRATION ACT OF 1965
Replaced the Emergency Quota Act of 1921
with a maximum amount per nation or region
at 20,000
PROPOSITION 187
A California law that would cut off education
& non emergency health benefits to illegal
immigrants
Why did Florida sued the federal government?xwß
FOR NOT ENFORCING IT’S
IMMIGRATION LAWS