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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A dyskineasia consisting of the inability to perform rapidly repeated, coordinated movements. In neurology, rapid antagonistic movements which cannot be carried out wit accuracy. Seen in cerebellar disease.

EXAMPLE: Inability to perform a hammering function, e.g. to hammer nails into wood; or inability to perform sequenced motor coordination tasks.
The inability to recognize or comprehend the meaning of sensory stimuli.

EXAMPLE: the patient is unable to recognize their own fingers touching their arm.

can't recognize familiar objects. The eyes are fine but cannot tell what the object is.
General term to desribe an acquired language disorder caused by brain damage, which results in linguistic errors in word choice, understanding or formulation rather than problems in pronunciation.
Apraxia is the failure or loss of ability to perform a complex or skilled movement, on command, that is not due to paralysis, ataxia, sensory changes, or deficiencies of understanding (confusion) but to lesions of the motor areas of the brain.

EXAMPLE: Inefficiency to hold a pencil
The inability to recognize objects by handeling them, although tactile, proprioception, and thermal sensations are intact.

Example: handling an object with vision occluded (such as a key vs. a comb), the patient cannot recognize which one it is.
Body Scheme
A postural model of the body which includes the relationship of body parts to each other and the body to the environment.

EXAMPLE: Patients with a body scheme disorder have a hard time participating in moving body parts in relation to other body parts. For instance, "Bring your arm across your chest and touch your shoulder"
Constructural apraxia
Faulty spatial analysis and conceptualization of a task. It is more evident in the inability to produce two or three dimensional forms by drawing, constructing, or arranging blocks or objects spontaneously or upon command. Most common and most severe with patients who have right hemisphere lesions.

EXAMPLE: a patient knows what a sandwhich is and what they are for but cannot assemble one even if all the ingrediants are laid out in front of them.
Dressing apraxia
inability to dress due to patient's deficient knowledge of the spatial relations of his or her body.

EXAMPLE: Pt puts on clothes upside down, inside out, or backward; does not align buttons properly; puts legs into one pant leg; neglects to form dress on one side of the body.
Figure ground discrimination
The inability to visually distinguish a figure from the background in which it is imbedded.

EXAMPLE: Patient confuses cane with crutch, pen with a toothbrush.