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85 Cards in this Set

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what lands did france and germany fight over
alsace-lorraine, and morroco (strait of gibraltar)
what did france and italy fight over
tunisia-warm water ports and access to africa
what did France/britain/russia fight germany for?
ottoman railroad-trade and spices

middle east to far east.
what did austria-hungary and russia fight for?
balkans-volatile area
balkans= what nickname
powder keg-unstable=wars
self determination
to determine and choose the goverment by which you live under
Triple Alliance/Central powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy/Ottoman Empire<--replaces italy after beginning of the war.
Triple Entente/Allies
France, Russia, Great Britain
G.B.<--F-->R
who held a secret alliance with serbia
russia
nationalism
pride for one's country (extreme)
conscription
draft
what were the war preparations
1. nationalism 2.conscription
3. strategies 4. supplies-cloths/troops/weapons 5.strategic R&R
Who had a naval rivalry
Germany and Great Britain
What started the beginning of WWI
asassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo in a parade
What is another name for WWI
The Great War
what lands did france and germany fight over
alsace-lorraine, and morroco (strait of gibraltar)
what did france and italy fight over
tunisia-warm water ports and access to africa
what did France/britain/russia fight germany for?
ottoman railroad-trade and spices

middle east to far east.
what did austria-hungary and russia fight for?
balkans-volatile area
balkans= what nickname
powder keg-unstable=wars
self determination
to determine and choose the goverment by which you live under
Triple Alliance/Central powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy/Ottoman Empire<--replaces italy after beginning of the war.
Triple Entente/Allies
France, Russia, Great Britain
G.B.<--F-->R
who held a secret alliance with serbia
russia
nationalism
pride for one's country (extreme)
conscription
draft
what were the war preparations
1. nationalism 2.conscription
3. strategies 4. supplies-cloths/troops/weapons 5.strategic R&R
Who had a naval rivalry
Germany and Great Britain
What started the beginning of WWI
asassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo in a parade
(JUNE 28, 1914)
What is another name for WWI
The Great War
Where was WWI primarily fought?
europe.... not global
JULY 28, 1914
Austria-hungary declares war on Serbia.
JUNE 28, 1914
Franz Ferdinand/wife killed
How much money did the U.S. lend to Great Britain for supplies while neutral?
$2 billion
how did us react to british naval blockade/german u-boat attacks
mild protest-->naval blockade
strong protest-->U-boat attacks
Internation Sea Travel Laws
1)no unnanounced attacks at sea on unarmed or neutral passenger/merchant ships.
2)unlawful for neutral/passenger/merchant ships to carry military cargo in to war zone.
MAY 7, 1915
sinking of the Lusitania
Sinking of the lusitania
killed 1200 people/128 americans
173 tons of ammunition
big explosion
18 mins. to fully sink
MARCH 14, 1916
sinking of the sussex
sinking of the sussex
unarmed
shot out of water without warnin
3 americans killed
sussex pledge
1)germany promises no more u-boat attacks on unarmed ships
2)germans promise to make payments to the three families of the men killed
JANUARY 1917
germans resume the u-boat attacks
avg. 17 ships a week
FEBRUARY 1917
Pres. wilson cuts off all relation with germany
Zimmerman note
same time as u-boat attacks
...telegram from germany to mexico asking for mex. to attack the U.S. so that when Ger. wins Mex. can gain back AZ, TX, NM.
....telegram intercepted by British naval intelligence JAN.19, 1917
....coded telegram->took 1 mo. to decipher.
...America recieves translated version on FEB.24, 1917
APRIL 2, 1917
Wilson is granted access from Congress to declare war
U.S. reasons for war
1.U-boat attacks
2.Zimmermann Note
3.b/c in the begginning-->Ger. over ran a neutral country...belgium
how does U.S. mobilize
1.soldiers must be trained
2.equip. weapons/uniforms
3.transport troops/equip safely over seas
4.get to Europe in time to make a difference
JAN 19, 1917
Britain intercepts Zimmermann note
FEB 24, 1917
U.S. recieves deciphered Zimmermann note
What was the German attack plan?
The schliefflan plan
schliefflan plan
1.Ger. would go west throught Bel. then S to France and W of Paris.
2.another troop would go W and meet the other troops at the Franco-german border<--Pincer movement
the actual time of the schlefflan plan
18 days to get throught belgium<--gave france and britain time to mobilize
seigeline
stalemate, no movement
trench warfare?
....brought about b/c of machine gun.
...tank and poison gas got them out of trenches
...disease ridden
...protected by barbed wire, and nomans land<-- in between ea. others trenches
OCT. 1917
Bolshevik Revolution
bolshevik revolution
...communists take over
...forces russia to exit war
...Rus. and Ger. sign non-agression pact
1916
...italy joins Allies
...british send in 140,000 more soldiers
...sinking of the sussex->sussex pledge
1915
....sinking of the lusitania
JAN 1917
U-boat attacks
Zimmerman Note
FEB 1917
U.S. cuts of all ties with Ger.
APRIL 1917
U.S. declares war
U.S.'s safeguard
1.go across Atlantic O. in convoys
2.use smoke screens
3.W.S.Simms get all officers over on time
4.2 million soldiers go over
OCT 1917
Bolshevik revolution
MARCH-->JULY 1918
Germans make 5 major attacks on W. Front
SEPT 1918
a. Germans forced out of France
b.germans want to negotiate a peace settlement
c.allies don't wanna negotiate with Kaiser Wilhelim
NOV. 9 1918
Kaiser Wilhelm abdicates
NOV 11 1918 @11A.M.
armistice-ceasefire
casualties
10 million killed
20 million wounded
Wilson's 14 pt. speech
1. abolish general causes of war
2.est. self-determination in european countries
3.association of nations<--****
genearl causes of war
(trade restrictions, freedom of the seas, disarmment, settle colonial disputes)
The "BIG FOUR"
Woodrow Wilson<--U.S.
Georges Clemenceau<--France
Vitorio Orlando<--Italy
David Lloyd Georg<--Britain
treaty of versailles
...32 nations represented
...Ger.not represented
...est. a league of nations
...ger. has to return belgium/Alsace-lorraine to france
...ger.recognizes independence of austria
...germany reduces army size to 100,000 men, no rank of generals, only 6 warships
...ger.accepts blame for war and pays reparations
problems at versailles
1.rivalries and jealousies of the statesmen
2.secret wartime treaties(italy)
3.disagreement over war guilt and reparations<--everyone wanted to blame ger. except U.S.
Pancho Villa
killed 18 in Mexico
killed 17 in America
all b/c Wilson supported Mex. President
dogfights
airbattles
no effect on the ground war
liberty bond
loan certificates issued by gov.t' payed by citizens to help pay for war....... sold over $2 billion
mobilization
preparation for war
conscription
draft 18yrs.-45yrs.
Jeanette Rankin
...from montana
...first woman elected into congress
..opposed conscription/war declaration
doughboys
soldiers sent to Europe
called doughboys because of buttons with holes in them
samuel gompers
American Federation of Labor leader
..supported war=full employment
Committee of Public inormation
relied on emotion and peer pressure to sell the war to the U.S. peopl
bolshevism
radical socialist idealogy
irreconcilables
progressive repubilcans who would not be reconciled to vote for the league of nations
reservationists
approved the idea of the league of nations, BUT wanted to modify Wilson's particular proposal