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11 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Arable

farmable

aristocrats

wealthy landowners

bureaucracy

when many different people are in charge of many different parts of the government. A bureaucracy is very inefficient.

Civil service exam

a test to prove that you are qualified to work for the government

Confucianism

the belief that people should have a sense of duty to someone other than themselves, and that the government should treat people with respect

Daoism

a Chinese philosophy that maintains that people should give up their worldly cares and seek to be as one with nature and the “dao” – life force.

legalism

A Chinese philosophy that maintains that people are basically bad, and need many rules and a strict leader to keep them in line

loess

rich yellow soil found near the Huang He River

Mandate of Heaven

the belief that Chinese dynasties were destined by the heavens to rule. If they were not good leaders, they would lose the Mandate of Heaven and be overthrown by another dynasty.

Middle Kingdom

the name that China called itself. They believed they were the center of the world.

Silk Road

a network of trade routes stretching from China to the Roman Empire