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124 Cards in this Set

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An action that is completed in "one go" and achieves a result requires a(n) _____ verb.
perfective
An action that is in progress requires a(n) _____ verb.
imperfective
An action that is repetitive requires a(n) _____ verb.
imperfective
An action that relates to repetion involves an expression of time, like каждый день or всега, and requires a(n)_____ verb.
imperfective
An action that relates to process involves an expression of duration, like долга or всю ноче, and requires a(n) _____ verb.
imperfective
An action that is the predicate of a question as to whether something has been done or not done requires a(n) _____ verb.
imperfective
The sentence "In the summer, Vanya watched TV evеry day." requires a(n) _____ verb, because of the expression of _____.
imperfective; repetition
The sentence, "In the evening Tanya worked on a term paper for a long time.", requires a(n) _____ verb, because of the expression of _____.
imperfective; duration
The sentence, "Vanya, do you remember -- did we do Exercise 5?", requires a(n) _____ verb, because the action is the predicate of a _____.
imperfective; question
In Russian, in which tenses can a perfective action be expressed?
past; future (never in the present tense)
In Russian, in which tenses can an imperfective action be expressed?
past; present; future
In which aspect and tense is the verb expressed in, "Oна прочитала книгу."?
perfective past: She read a book.
In which aspect and tense is the verb expressed in, "Oна прочитает книгу."?
perfective future: She will read a book.
In which aspect and tense is the verb expressed in, "Oна читала книгу."?
imperfective past: She was reading a book.
In which aspect and tense is the verb expressed in, "Oна будет читать книгу."?
imperfective future: She will be reading a book.
In which aspect and tense is the verb expressed in, "Oна читает книгу."?
imperfective present: She is reading a book.
Verb aspect pairs are differentiated by one of three means: 1) _____tion, 2 _____tion and 3, _____tion.
prefixation, suffixation, and suppletion (rarely, as in говори-/сказа-)
Supply the perfective form of писать.
написать
Supply the perfective form of звонить.
позвонить
Supply the perfective form of обедать.
пообедать
Supply the perfective form of слушать.
послушать
Supply the perfective form of смотреть.
посмотреть
Supply the perfective form of читать.
прочитать
Supply the perfective form of готовить.
приготовить
Supply the perfective form of делать.
сделать
Supply the perfective form of отвечать.
отве'тить
Supply the perfective form of решать.
решить
Supply the perfective form of покупать.
купить
Supply the perfective form of помогать.
помочь
Supply the perfective form of говорить.
сказать
Supply the imperfective form of написать.
писать
Supply the imperfective form of позвонить.
звонить
Supply the imperfective form of пообедать.
обедать
Supply the imperfective form of послушать.
слушать
Supply the imperfective form of посмотреть.
смотрить
Supply the imperfective form of прочитать.
читать
Supply the imperfective form of приготовить.
готовить
Supply the imperfective form of сделать.
делать
Supply the imperfective form of ответить.
отвечать
Supply the imperfective form of решить.
решать
Supply the imperfective form of купить.
покупить
Supply the imperfective form of помочь.
помогать
Supply the imperfective form of сакзать.
говорить
What is the Russian word for Monday?
понидел'ьник insight: ниде'ля = week
What is the Russian word for Tuesday?
вто'рник insight: втор'ой = second
What is the Russian word for Wednesday?
среда' insight: сре'дный = middle
What is the Russian word for Thursday?
четве'рг insight: четвëртый = fourth
What is the Russian word for Friday?
пя'тница insight: пя'тый = fifth
What is the Russian word for Saturday?
субо'та insight: sabbath
What is the Russian word for Sunday?
воскресе'нье nsight: ascension from the cross/крест
What is the English word for пониде'льник?
Monday
What is the English word for вто'рник?
Tuesday
What is the English word for среда'?
Wednesday
What is the English word for четве'рг?
Thursday
What is the English word for пя'тница?
Friday
What is the English word for субо'та?
Saturday
What is the English word for воскресе'нье?
Sunday
To ask the day of the week (Monday, Tuesday, etc.), one says, "Како'й сего'дня _____?"
день
Translate, "Како'й сего'дня день?".
What day is today (Monday, Tuesday, etc)?
To state the day of the week in the past tense, the verb быть is declined to agree with the gender of the day. For example, "Вчера' _____ среда'."
была
Decline the verb быть in each: Вчера' _____ вто'рник. Вчера' _____ среда'. Вчера' _____ воскресе'нье.
был, была, быило
To ask the date (1st, 5th, 10th) of the month, one says, "Како'е сего'дня _____?
число'
Translate, "Како'е сего'дня число'?"
What is today's date?
Translate, "What is today's date (day of the month)?" and "What day of the week is this?"
Како'е сего'дня число'? Како'й сего'дня день?
To ask yesterday's date, one would say, "Како'е вчера' _____ чесло'?"
было'
Translate: "Како'е сего'дня число'?" and "Како'й сего'дня день?"
What is today's date? What day is today?
When expressing elements of time of less than a week, one uses the preposition _____ plus the _____ case.
в + accusitive (Лек'ция будет в пя'тницу.)
Translate, "The lecture will be on Friday."
Ле'кциа бу'дет пя'тницу.
Translate, "At that moment …"
В э'ту мину'ту... (time elements less than a week = в + accu.)
Translate, "At that moment"; "At that second"; "On Friday"
В э'ту мину'ту. В эту секу'нду. В пя'тницу.
The dative case is used to designate an _____ receiver of the action of a verb.
indirect
The indirect receiver of a verb is declined in the _____ case.
dative
Decline the noun муж in the dative case.
му'жу
Decline the noun писа'тель in the dative case.
писа'телю
Decline the noun сло'во in the dative case.
сло'ву
Decline the noun зда'ние in the dative case.
зда'нию
Decline the noun подру'га in the dative case.
подру'ге
Decline the noun тëтя in the dative case.
тëте
Decline the noun исто'рия in the dative case.
исто'рии.
The dative plural ending for all nouns of any gender is _____.
ам (ям)
A noun ending in -ам оr ям (е.g., роди'телям) indicates which number (singular or plural) and case?
plural, dative
Decline the masculine noun студе'нт in the dative plural.
студе'нтам
Decline the neuter noun о'бщежитие, in the dative plural.
общежи'тиям
Decline the feminine noun студе'нтка in the dative plural.
студе'нткам
In which number and case is the word студе'нтам declined?
plural, dative
In which number and case is the word студе'нткам declined?
plural, dative
In which number and case is the word общежи'тиям declined?
plural, dative
Supply the missing word (N, A, G, P, D): дом, дом, дома, доме, _____.
дому
Supply the missing word (N, A, G, P, D) : муж, мужа, мужа, муже, _____.
мужу
Supply the missing word (N, A, G, P, D): слово, слово, слове, _____.
слову
Supply the missing word (N, A, G, P, D): подруга, подгугу, подруги, подруге, _____.
подруге
What is the dative singular ending of masculine and neuter pronouns and adjectives?
ому (ему)
What is the dative singular ending of feminine pronouns and adjectives?
ой (ей)
Decline the pronoun мой in the dative masculine.
моему' : all dative masculine pronouns and adjectives end in ому (ему)
Decline the pronoun наш in the dative masculine.
на'шему all dative masculine pronouns and adjectives end in ому (ему)
Decline the pronoun это (этот) in the dative masculine.
э'тому all dative masculine pronouns and adjectives end in ому (ему)
Decline the adjective новый in the dative masculine.
но'вому all dative masculine pronouns and adjectives end in ому (ему)
Decline the adjective молодой in the dative masculine.
молодо'му all dative masculine pronouns and adjectives end in ому (ему)
Decline the pronoun моя in the dative feminine.
мо'ей all dative feminine pronouns and adjectives end in ой (ей)
Decline the pronoun наша in the dative feminine.
на'шей all dative feminine pronouns and adjectives end in ой (ей)
Decline the pronoun эта in the dative feminine.
это'й all dative feminine pronouns and adjectives end in ой (ей)
Decline the аdjective новая in the dative feminine.
но'вой all dative feminine pronouns and adjectives end in ой (ей)
Decline the аdjective молодая in the dative feminine.
молодо'й all dative feminine pronouns and adjectives end in ой (ей)
What is the dative plural ending of all pronouns and adjectives?
ым (им)
What is the dative plural of the pronoun э'ти?
э'тим all dative plural pronuns and adjectives end in ым (им)
What is the dative plural of the pronoun мо'и'?
мои'м all dative plural pronuns and adjectives end in ым (им)
What is the dative plural of the pronoun ва'ши?
ва'шим all dative plural pronuns and adjectives end in ым (им)
What is the dative plural of the adjective но'вые?
но'вым all dative plural pronuns and adjectives end in ым (им)
What is the dative plural of the adjective большие?
большим all dative plural pronuns and adjectives end in ым (им)
Decline the pronoun я in the dative case.
мне
Decline the pronoun ты in the dative case.
тебе'
Decline the pronoun он/оно' in the dative case.
ему'
Decline the pronoun она' in the dative case.
ей
Decline the pronoun мы in the dative case.
нам
Decline the pronoun вы in the dative case.
вам
Decline the pronoun они' in the dative case.
им
Decline the pronoun кто in the dative case.
кому'
Decline the pronoun что in the dative case.
чему'
Translate and decline the English word. А'нна Бори'совна пригото'вила обе'д husband
му'жу dative case, indirect object
Translate and decline the English word. Ми'ша рассказа'л us интере'сную исто'рию.
нам dative case, indirect object
In Unit 6, three verbs are cited that are intransitive (take no direct object): to phone, to answer, to help. Sounds like 911. Repeat them in Russian .
звони'ть, ответча'ть, помога'ть (irreg.)
Translate and decline the English word. Я you позвоню' завтра ве'чером.
вам
Translate and deline the English word. Милиционе'р отве'тил Dennis.
Де'нису
Translate and decline the English word. Ми'ша us ча'сто помога'ет.
нам