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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Anemia
a deficiency of red blood cells, hemoglobin or both
Calorie
the amount of energy produced from the burning of food
Carbohydrates
Nutrient which provides the greatest amount of energy in the average diet
Dehydration
a decrease of the amount of water in body tissue
Digestion
the process of breaking down foods into simple substances that can be used by the body cells for nourishment
Fats
nutrient which provides most concentrated form of energy
Fiber
a basic substance of all plant foods, which supplies the body with roughage
Gavage
feeding through a tube
Malnutrition
poor nutrition that lacks adequate food and nutrients
Nutrient
a substance that is ingested, digested, absorbed and used by the body
Nutrition
the entire process by which the body takes in food for growth and repair and uses it to maintain health
Osteoporosis
the most common metabolic disease of bone in the United States, caused by a decrease in the mass of bony tissue
Peristalsis
involuntary muscle contractions in the digestive system that move food through the alimentary canal
Protein
nutrient essential for growth and repair of tissue
Recommended Dietary Allowances (R.D.A.)
considered tobe the smounts of essential nutrients adequate to meet the needs of practically all healthy people
Therapeutic Diet
modification of the normal diet used in the treatment of specific health conditions