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24 Cards in this Set

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Colonials who supported independence from Britain.
Patriots
Colonials who wanted to remain part of the British Empire.
Loyalists
The British arm in Boston was forced to evacuate to Canada when General Washington’s army received cannons, captured from Fort Ticonderoga, and massed them on the heights around Boston.
Dorchester Heights
A British army of 32,000, commanded by General William Howe, defeated Washington’s army of 20,000 and forced them to retreat out of New York.
New York City
The Patriot author of “Common Sense” that convinced many colonials to support independence, and “American Crisis” (1777) that persuaded many Americans to stay in Washington’s arm despite their defeat in New York.
Thomas Paine
Washington’s US army of 2,400 captured nearly 1000 Hessians (German mercenaries fighting for the British) while losing only 5 US troops.
Trenton
Washington’s US army defeated a British army, commanded by General Charles Cornwallis, which caused the British to retreated back to New York City.
Princeton
A British army, commander by general Barry St. Leger, was defeated when they tried to capture the vital fort in western new York.
Fort Stanwix
US General John Stark commanded a militia force from Vermont which destroyed part of British General Burgoyne’s army trying to get supplies
Bennington
US General Horatio Gates’ US army of 18000 forced the remainder of General John Burgoyne’ British army of 8300 to surrender, the turning point of the American Revolution.
Saratoga
General William Howe’s British army defeated Washington’s US army and then captured the US capitol city of of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on September 11, 1777.
Brandywine Creek
_________ because of the US victory at Saratoga, the French government signed a treaty of Alliance with the US in Paris with Benjamin Franklin as well as an economic treaty worth millions.
France
Washington’s US army defeated a part of British General Henry Clinton’s army that abandoned Philadelphia, and retreated back to New York City.
Monmouth, New Jersey
US commander whose small army captured most of the British Forsts in present-day Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio.
George Rogers Clark
Once of the many US naval commanders who sank or captured many British merchant ships and some warships.
John Paul Jones
declared war on Britain and captured Natchez and other British forts in the southwest (Mississippi and Alabama)
Spain
_________ declared war on Britain and made several large loans to the United States.
Netherlands
A British army and naval force surrounded the city and forced a US army of 5000, commanded by General Benjamin Lincoln, to surrender.
Charlestown
A british army, commanded by General Charles Cornwallis, killed or captured 2300 of a US army of 3000, commanded by General Horatio Gates.
Camden
South Carolina October 7, 1780, A US militia captured or killed all of 1000 British Loyalists.
Kings Mountians
South Carolina Janurary 17, 1781, US General Daniel Morgan’s 1000 army killed or captured 830 of British General Banastre Tarleton’s cavalry army.
Cowpens
was a British army of 2000, commanded by General Cornwallis, defeated a US army commanded by General Nathaniel Greene, suffered 500 casualties and retreated into Virginia.
Guilford Court House
US General George Washington’s allied US French army and French naval forces surrounded a British army of 6000 soldiers commanded by General Cornwallis, and forced it to surrender. The most decisive battle of the war.
Yorktown
Britain signed the treaty with the United States (John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay) giving formal independence to the US, which gained all of the territory east of the MS river except for Spanish Florida and Canada.
Paris Peace Treaty