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74 Cards in this Set

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Prokaryotes
bacteria, spirochetes, cyanobacteria
Bacteria
ubiquitous one-celled organisms, spherical, spiral, or rod-shaped and appearing singly or in chains, comprising the Schizomycota, a phylum of the kingdom Monera (in some classification systems the plant class Schizomycetes), various species of which are involved in fermentation, putrefaction, infectious diseases, or nitrogen fixation.
spirochetes
Any of various slender, spiral, motile bacteria of the order Spirochaetales, many of which are pathogenic, causing syphilis, relapsing fever, yaws, and other diseases.
cyanobacteria
autotrophs
extremophiles
thermophiles, halophiles, methanogens
thermophiles
Requiring high temperatures for normal development, as certain bacteria.
halophiles
An organism that requires a salty environment.
methanogens
Any of various archaea that are capable of producing methane from the decomposition of organic material.
“simple” Eukaryotes
unicellular eukaryotes
algae
any of numerous groups of chlorophyll-containing, mainly aquatic eukaryotic organisms ranging from microscopic single-celled forms to multicellular forms 100 ft. (30 m) or more long, distinguished from plants by the absence of true roots, stems, and leaves and by a lack of nonreproductive cells in the reproductive structures: classified into the six phyla Euglenophyta, Crysophyta, Pyrrophyta, Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, and Rhodophyta.
Fungi
chitin cell wall, heterotrophs
dinoflagellates
Any of numerous minute, chiefly marine protozoans of the order Dinoflagellata, characteristically having two flagella and a cellulose covering and forming one of the chief constituents of plankton. They include bioluminescent forms and forms that produce red tide.
amoebozoans
infection by a disease-causing ameba
ciliates
Any of various protozoans of the class Ciliata, characterized by numerous cilia.
diatoms
Any of various microscopic one-celled or colonial algae of the class Bacillariophyceae, having cell walls of silica consisting of two interlocking symmetrical valves.
Prokaryotes
bacteria, spirochetes, cyanobacteria
Bacteria
ubiquitous one-celled organisms, spherical, spiral, or rod-shaped and appearing singly or in chains, comprising the Schizomycota, a phylum of the kingdom Monera (in some classification systems the plant class Schizomycetes), various species of which are involved in fermentation, putrefaction, infectious diseases, or nitrogen fixation.
spirochetes
Any of various slender, spiral, motile bacteria of the order Spirochaetales, many of which are pathogenic, causing syphilis, relapsing fever, yaws, and other diseases.
cyanobacteria
autotrophs
extremophiles
thermophiles, halophiles, methanogens
thermophiles
Requiring high temperatures for normal development, as certain bacteria.
halophiles
An organism that requires a salty environment.
methanogens
Any of various archaea that are capable of producing methane from the decomposition of organic material.
“simple” Eukaryotes
unicellular eukaryotes
algae
any of numerous groups of chlorophyll-containing, mainly aquatic eukaryotic organisms ranging from microscopic single-celled forms to multicellular forms 100 ft. (30 m) or more long, distinguished from plants by the absence of true roots, stems, and leaves and by a lack of nonreproductive cells in the reproductive structures: classified into the six phyla Euglenophyta, Crysophyta, Pyrrophyta, Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, and Rhodophyta.
Fungi
chitin cell wall, heterotrophs
dinoflagellates
Any of numerous minute, chiefly marine protozoans of the order Dinoflagellata, characteristically having two flagella and a cellulose covering and forming one of the chief constituents of plankton. They include bioluminescent forms and forms that produce red tide.
amoebozoans
infection by a disease-causing ameba
ciliates
Any of various protozoans of the class Ciliata, characterized by numerous cilia.
diatoms
Any of various microscopic one-celled or colonial algae of the class Bacillariophyceae, having cell walls of silica consisting of two interlocking symmetrical valves.
Prokaryotes
bacteria, spirochetes, cyanobacteria
Bacteria
ubiquitous one-celled organisms, spherical, spiral, or rod-shaped and appearing singly or in chains, comprising the Schizomycota, a phylum of the kingdom Monera (in some classification systems the plant class Schizomycetes), various species of which are involved in fermentation, putrefaction, infectious diseases, or nitrogen fixation.
spirochetes
Any of various slender, spiral, motile bacteria of the order Spirochaetales, many of which are pathogenic, causing syphilis, relapsing fever, yaws, and other diseases.
cyanobacteria
autotrophs
extremophiles
thermophiles, halophiles, methanogens
thermophiles
Requiring high temperatures for normal development, as certain bacteria.
halophiles
An organism that requires a salty environment.
methanogens
Any of various archaea that are capable of producing methane from the decomposition of organic material.
“simple” Eukaryotes
unicellular eukaryotes
algae
any of numerous groups of chlorophyll-containing, mainly aquatic eukaryotic organisms ranging from microscopic single-celled forms to multicellular forms 100 ft. (30 m) or more long, distinguished from plants by the absence of true roots, stems, and leaves and by a lack of nonreproductive cells in the reproductive structures: classified into the six phyla Euglenophyta, Crysophyta, Pyrrophyta, Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, and Rhodophyta.
Fungi
chitin cell wall, heterotrophs
dinoflagellates
Any of numerous minute, chiefly marine protozoans of the order Dinoflagellata, characteristically having two flagella and a cellulose covering and forming one of the chief constituents of plankton. They include bioluminescent forms and forms that produce red tide.
amoebozoans
infection by a disease-causing ameba
ciliates
Any of various protozoans of the class Ciliata, characterized by numerous cilia.
diatoms
Any of various microscopic one-celled or colonial algae of the class Bacillariophyceae, having cell walls of silica consisting of two interlocking symmetrical valves.
Fungi
chitin cell wall, heterotrophs
Plants
cellulose cell wall, photosynthetic
bryophytes (mosses)
seedless non-vascular, dominant gametophyte
ferns
seedless vascular, dominant sporophyte, free-living gametophyte
gymnosperm (conifers)
pollen, naked seeds, vascular, reduced dependent gametophyte
angiosperm: (flowering)
pollen, flowers, fruit, seeds, reduced dependent gametophyte, monocot vs. dicot
flatworms
acoelomates
annelids (segmented worms)
coelomates
mollusks (snails, clams, squid, octopus)
coelomates
brachiopods
coelomates
arthropods (insects, arachnids, crustaceans)
coelomates
nematodes (round worms)
pseudocoelomates
echinoderms (sea stars, sea urchins)
coelomates
vertebrates
vertebrates: coelomates
eukaryotes
A single-celled or multicellular organism whose cells contain a distinct membrane-bound nucleus.
ground tissues
parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma
dermal tissues
epidermis, cuticle
primary growth
vertical growth
apical root
root cap, zone of cell division, zone of elongation, zone of maturation/differentiation
lateral meristems
vascular cambium (2° xylem & 2° phloem), cork cambium (periderm & bark)
auxin
promotes plant growth, cell elongation; apical dominance
gibberellins
cell growth, fruit development; bigger grapes
cytokinins
promote cell growth (cytokinesis); apical dominance
ethylene
promote fruit ripening
abscisic acid (ABA)
maintains seed & bud dormancy
zygote (2n)
new plant
endosperm (3n)
nutrition for new plant
daylight
Pr + red light . Pfr
darkness
Pfr + far-red light . Pr