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33 Cards in this Set

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prokaryotes:
bacteria, spirochetes, cyanobacteria(autotropes)
What kingdom are prokaryotes formerly included in?
Monera
extremophiles:
thermophiles, halophiles, methanogens
Domain Archaea is formerly included in what kingdom?
Monera
The domain eukarya is formally known as?
Protists
"simple" eukaryotes are?
unicellular eukaryotes
algae
Any of various chiefly aquatic, eukaryotic, photosynthetic organisms, ranging in size from single-celled forms to the giant kelp. Algae were once considered to be plants but are now classified separately because they lack true roots, stems, leaves, and embryos.
dinoflaggelate
Any of numerous minute, chiefly marine protozoans of the order Dinoflagellata, characteristically having two flagella and a cellulose covering and forming one of the chief constituents of plankton. They include bioluminescent forms and forms that produce red tide.
Amoebozoa
a major group of amoeboid protozoa, including the majority that move by means of internal cytoplasmic flow
ciliates
one of the most important groups of protists, common almost everywhere there is water — lakes, ponds, oceans, and soils, with many ecto- and endosymbiotic members, as well as some obligate and opportunistic parasites
diatoms
a major group of eukaryotic algae, and are one of the most common types of phytoplankton. Most diatoms are unicellular, although some form chains or simple colonies.
Fungi
Have a chitin cell wall and are heterotrophs (they feed off of decomposing matter)
Plants
Cellulose cell wall, photosynthetic, eukaryotes
bryophytes(mosses)
seedless non-vascular, dominant gametophyte
ferns
seedless vascular, dominant sporophyte, free-living gametophyte
gymnosperm (conifers)
pollen, naked seeds, vascular, reduced dependent gametophyte
angiosperm(flowering)
pollen, flowers, fruit, seeds, reduced dependent gametophyte, monocot vs. dicot
porifera
animal phylum consisting of the organisms commonly called sponges.
sponges
They are primitive, sessile, mostly marine, water dwelling filter feeders that pump water through their bodies to filter out particles of food matter. Sponges represent the simplest of animals
cnidaria (jellyfish, hydra, corals)
Cnidarians are radially symmetrical. The mouth, located at the center of one end of the body, opens into a gastrovascular cavity, which is used for digestion and distribution of food; an anus is lacking
gastrovascular cavity
functions in both digestion and the transport of nutrients to all parts of an animal body
flatworms
acoelomates
annelids (segmented worms):
coelomates
mollusks (snails, clams, squid, octopus):
coelomates
brachiopods
coelomates
arthropods (insects, arachnids, crustaceans):
coelomates
nematodes(round worms):
Any of several worms of the phylum Nematoda, having unsegmented, cylindrical bodies, often narrowing at each end, and including parasitic forms such as the hookworm and pinworm. Also called roundworm.
deuterostomes development
The name deuterostome means "mouth second", and refers to one important developmental feature unique to this group
invertebrates
Lacking a backbone or spinal column; not vertebrate
echinoderms (sea stars, sea urchins):
coelomates
vertebrates
coelomates
Coelomates
animals that have a fluid filled body cavity called a coelom
5 Kingdoms
Monera(no longer valid), protists, fungi, plants, animals