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20 Cards in this Set

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Key Actors in International Relations
States
View of the Individual
One or Combination of:
Good
Selfish
Antagonistic
View of the State
Autonomous
Power Seeking
Unitary
Interests
View of International System
Ordering Principle
Interdependence
Balance of Power
Chance for Cooperation
Ordering Principle
Anarchy or Hierarchy
Anarachy
Lack of government
All states are the same when broken down
Capabilities only distinguishing aspect
Horizontal power organization
Hierarchy
Government
Vertical power organization
Realism
Anarchy
Individual State Capabilities determine POWER
states fend for themselves
system changes little if at all
Defense of Post-Cold War Realism
Interractions have not changed, politics simply changed from bipolar to unipolar.
Democracy did not bring the end of the Cold War.
Balance of Power
International Status quo, States counter each other
Classical/Human Nature Realism
States led by "will to power" human beings
will to power pushes each state to strive for supremacy
Anarchy causes state to worry about BoP
human nature is the deep cause of security competition.
Defensive Realism/NeoRealism
States aim to survive and seek security
great powers pay careful attention to BoP; want to maintain status quo
Anarachy forces defensive competition for power
Anarchy is the cause of security competition
Offensive Realism/NeoRealism
States behave aggressively because Power is key to maximizing odds of survival in anarchical system
BoP rarely found, int'l system creates incentives for states to look for opportunities to gain power and use offensively.
State's ulitmate goal is to be HEGEMON in the system (regionally)
Anarchy is the cause of security competition.
Liberalism/Neo-Liberal Institutionalism
Needs to be more cooperation b/t rival states; Iterated interactions lead to trust
norms and rules of regimes affect behavior if used by states and corparations engaging in a process of mutual adjustment
states in international system should be interdependent, despite anarchial nature
self-abnegation rare, but possiple
self-abegnation
accepting losses for sake of relationship
Constructivism
State behavior shaped by ideology
claims the existence of an intersubjective conception of process with identities and interest endogenous to interaction.
identity based on social context
"Anarchy is what states make of it"
3 Cultures of Anarchy
Hobbesian
Lockean
Kantian
Hobbes
anarchy based on enmity.
reacts to enemies as deep revisionist, discounting the future and anticipating the worst case
Self-sustaining offense.
Leviathan maintains order in anarchy.
Violence unchecked: Kill enemies before they kill you.
Locke
anarchy based on rivalry
rivals expect the other to act as if they recognize unalienable rights and therefore try not to conquer others.
Self-Sustaining Defense
Live and let live limitation on violence.
Kant
anarchy based on friendship
disputes not settled with war or the threat of war.
Collective Security instead of Leviathan. "all for one and one for all"