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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
alopecia
partial or complete baldness or loss of hair
angiogenesis
formation of new blood vessels
angioma
benign vascular tumor involving skin and subcutaneous tissue; most are congenital
blanching
white color of the skin when pressure is applied
*cyanosis
bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes observed in lips, nail beds, and earlobes
debride
to remove dead or damaged tissue or foreign material from a wound
*ecchymosis
large, irregular hemorrhagic area on the skin; also called a bruise
*erythema
redness of the skin due to increased blood flow to the area
eschar
dry, dark, leathery scab composed of denatured protein
exudate:
fluid or cells that have leaked from blood vessels into lesions or areas of inflammation (as opposed to “transudate,” which is caused by disturbances of hydrostatic or colloid osmotic pressure rather than by inflammation)
friction
force of two surfaces moving against one another
granulation tissue
delicate connective tissue consisting of fibroblasts, collagen, and capillaries
hemorrhagic exudate:
discharge that has a large component of red blood cells
hemostasis
cessation of bleeding
*hyperthermia
condition in which the core body temperature rises above 106°F
*hypothermia
condition in which the core body temperature drops below 95°F
inflammation:
nonspecific cellular response to tissue injury
ischemia:
oxygen deprivation, usually due to poor perfusion
*jaundice
yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera, mucous membranes, and body fluids that occurs when the liver is unable to fully remove bilirubin from the blood
keloid:
abnormal growth of scar tissue that is elevate, rounded, and firm with irregular, claw-like margins
*keratin
tough, fibrous protein produced by cells in the epidermis called keratinocytes
lipoma
benign tumor consisting of mature fat cells
*melanin
pigment that gives skin its color
*nevi:
pigmented areas of the skin; commonly known as birthmarks or moles
*pallor
abnormal paleness of the skin, seen especially in the face, conjunctiva, nail beds, and oral mucous membranes
*petechiae
pinpoint hemorrhage spots on the skin
purulent exudate
discharge resulting from infection; also called pus; consistent with more severe infections
sanguineous exudate
see hemorrhagic exudate
sebaceous cyst
sebaceous gland filled with sebum
*sebum
oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands of the skin
serosanguineous exudate
discharge that is clear with some blood tinge; seen with surgical incisions
serous exudate
discharge composed primarily of serum; is watery in appearance and has a low protein level; usually seen in mild inflammation
shearing:
force exerted against the skin by movement or repositioning
*telangiestasia
permanent dilation of groups of superficial capillaries and venules; commonly known as “spider veins”
*vitiligo:
depigmentation of the skin caused by destruction of melanocytes; appears as milk-white patches on the skin
wound
disruption of the integrity of body tissue