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25 Cards in this Set

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life or living
bio
picking the best plants or animals for producing the next generation
improvement by selection
selection of parents to get desirable characteristics in the offspring
selective breeding
biology of heredity
genetics
transmission of charcteristics from an organism to its offspring through genes in reproductive cells
heredity
components of cells which determine the individual characteristics of living things
genes
refers to the offspring
generation
common parents
progeny
coded material in a cell
Deoxyribonucleic Acid(DNA)
an exact duplicate of something
clone
movement of genetic information in the form of genes from one cell to another
genetic engineering
the slightly acid substance in the nuclei of all cells
nucleic acid
pairs of strands intertwined with each other and connected by chemicals
bases
type of base
adenine
type of base
guanine
type of base
cytosine
type of base
thymine
process of identifying the location of a specific gene on a chromosome
mapping
process of removing and inserting genes into DNA
gene splicing/recombinant DNA technology
process of finding and recording the location of genes
gene mapping
bacteria that were genetically altered to retard frost formation on plant leaves
ice-minus
a compound that causes genetically engineered bacteria to turn a brilliant shade of blue
X-Gal
a hormone that stimulates increased milk production in cows
Bovine Somatotropin(BST)
increaes meat production in swine
Porcine Somatotropin (PST)
chemical used by people with diabetes to control their blood sugar levels
insulin