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132 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
aden/o
gland
ather/o
fatty, porridge-like
carcin/o
cancer
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum
emes/is
vomiting
encephal/o
brain, inside the head
epitheli/o
epithelial
fibr/o
fibrous
hist/o
tissue
lei/o
smooth
lip/o
fat
lymph/o
lymphatic
melan/o
dark pigmented
mening/o
meninges
my/o
muscle
myel/o
spinal cord
nat/o
birth
ne/o
new
neur/o
nerve
onc/o
tumor
oste/o
bone
papill/o
small elevation of tissue
pariet/o
wall
periton/o
peritoneum
pleur/o
lung
psych/o
mind
rhabd/o
rod shaped
spin/o
spinal
viscer/o
organ
anti-
against
dys-
difficult, painful
hydro-
water
neo-
new
-algia
pain
-blast
embryonic or immature
-cele
hernia
-ectomy
excision
-genesis
generate, develop
-malacia
softening
-oid
like, resembling
-oma
tumor, abnormal growth
-ous
material, condition
-pathy
disease
-plasia
development
-plasm
growth of tissue
-tomy
incision
-trophy
development
-tropic
affecting
adenopathy
glandular disease, especially enlargement of the lymph node
atherosclerosis
accumulation of fatty debris on the inner arterial wall, a type of arteriosclerosis
carcinoma
malignant tumor of epithelial cells
cephalalgia
headache
neurology
study of the nervous system
neurologist
a physician specialist who treats diseases of the nervous system
neurosurgeon
specially trained physician performs surgery on the structures of the nervous system
neuritis
inflammation of a nerve
neurolysis
destruction of nerve tissue
-lysis
destruction, breakdown
neuropathy
any disease involving nerves
psychology
study of the mind or mental processes
psychotherapy
process of treating mental disorders using words, art, drama, or movement to express feelings
psychiatrist
physician who specializes in treatment of patients with mental illness.
cephalic
pertaining to or toward the head--adjective
hydrocyst
a sac or bladder filled with watery fluid
cyst
sac--a closed cavity or sac filled with a fluid, semifluid, or solid material.
hydrocephalus
a collection of fluid in the head
may cause brain damage, results in deformity, mental impairment in children
hydrocephalus
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain
encephaloma
brain tumor
encephalocele
herniation of the brain tissue
encephalomalacia
softening of brain tissue
encephalotomy
incision into the brain
electroencephalogram
picture of the electrical activity of the brain
electroneurodiagnostic technologist
the study of brain wave activity, whether awake or asleep
myelitis
inflammation of the spinal cord
myeloblast
immature bone marrow cell
myelocytic
pertaining to myelocytes
myelocele
herniation of the spinal cord
poliomyelitis
viral inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord affecting motor function often resulting in disabling paralysis. commonly known as polio
hyperplasia
increase in the number of cells in a tissue, tumor.
dysplasia
defective(poor or abnormal formation
myelodysplasia
defective (abnormal) formation of the spinal cord
hyperplasia
overgrowth or too much development
hypoplasia
underdevelopment
hyper-
above or more than normal
hyperemesis
excessive vomiting
hypo
below or less than normal
hypotrophy
when an organ or tissue that has developed properly wastes away or decreases in size
Atrophy, hypotrophy
when muscles are not nourished or exercised
cerebropathy
any disease of the cerebrum or disease of the cerebrum
alacia
softening the cerebrum
cerebroma
cerebral tumor
cerebrotomy
incision into the cerebrum to remove an abscess
cerebrovascular
blood vessels of the brain, stroke or brain attack
cerebrospinal
refers to brain and spinal cord
meninges
the protective cover of the brain and spinal cord
meningocele
herniation of the membrane covering the brain and spinal cord
meningomalacia
softening of the meninges
meningococci
bacteria that cause epidemic meningitis
adenitis
inflammation of a gland
adenectomy
excision or removal of a gland
adenoma
tumor of a gland
adenopathy
any disease of a gland
metastisis
transfer of a disease fromon organ to another
metastisize
spread to other parts of the body
carcinoma
cancer, tumor abnormal growth
meta
beyond
stasis
staying, control, or stopping
carcinoma in situ
may be confined to the site of its origin
adenocarcinoma
cancerous tumor of a glandular tissue
melano
black
melanosis
black pigmentation
melanoma
black tumor
melanocyte
black pigmented cell
melanocarcinoma
a darkly pigmented cancer.
lipoma
tumor containing fat
oncology
study of tumors
oncologist
specialist in the study of tumors
atheroma
a tumorlike thickening and degeneration of the blood vessel walls taht is caused by fatty deposits
atherosclerosis
a fatty deposit causing hardening of the blood vessels
mucoid
resembling or like mucus
lipoid
fatlike or resembling fat
mucosa
protective musous membrane found lining the body openings.
intestinal serosa
membrane that covers the intesting
serous
lined closed cavities
neurospasm
spasm of a nerve
myospasm
spasm of a muscle
neuralgia
nerve pain
neuropathy
disease of the nerves
neurology
medical specialty that deals with the nervous system
neurologist
one who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the nervous system