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36 Cards in this Set

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pulse rate
the rate at which the heart beats
locations of pulse rate
wrist (radial), neck (carotid), temple (temporal), knee, groin, foot, elbow
Tachycardia
abnormally fast heart rate
usually at least 100 bpm
bradycardia
a slow or irregular heart rhythm
fewer than 60 bpm
Normal PR
Adult: 60-100
Teen: 60 - 90
Child (5-12): 75 - 100
Preschooler (3-4) : 80 - 110
Toddler (1-3) : 90 - 140
Infant (up to 1) : 100-160
Qualitative measures of PR
deep, shallow, bounding, irregular, regularly irregular (pattern), normal, heavy, strong, weak, thready
respiratory rate
the number of breaths in a specific amount of time
apnea
suspension in breathing
dyspnea
difficulty in breathing
Normal RR
Adult: 14-20
Teen: 12-16
Child: 18 - 30
Preschooler: 22-34
Toddler: 24-40
Infant: 30-60
Qualitative measures of RR
faint, strong, deep, shallow, wheezing, crackled, loud, quiet
True or False:
One inhale and one exhale is one breath.
True
diseases related to lung sounds
carotid bruit
rhonchi
rales
carotid bruit
a noise caused by turbulent blood flow in the carotid artery

carotid artery disease
rhonchi
wheezes

asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, pneumonia, airway obstruction, infection, cardiac diseases
rales
crackles

asthma, chronic bronchitis
palpate
to feel
ausculate
to hear
True or False:
Blood pressure is more accurate when measured by a machine
False
systole
the pumping of the heart

bigger # (on top)
diastole
the resting phase of the heart
sphygmomanometer
machine that measures blood pressure
hypotension
low blood pressure
hypertension
high blood pressure
Blood Pressure ranges
normal: less than 119/79
prehypertension: 120/80 - 139/89
hypertension: greater than 140/90 (high pressure)
True or False:
Red blood is deoxygenated blood
False
What is the function of arteries?
take blood away from the heart
What is the function of veins?
bring blood to the heart
The upper chambers of the heart are called ___________ (singular = ________ )
atria
singular = atrium
The upper chambers of the heart are called __________
ventricles
Upper Chambers of the Heart
Right Atrium receives deoxygenated blood from the body via the Inferior and Superior Vena Cava

Left Atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs via the Right and Left Pulmonary Veins
Lower Chambers of the Heart
Right Ventricle receives blood from the Right Atrium via the Tricuspid Valve (Atrioventricular Valve)

Right Ventricle pumps blood to the lungs via the Pulmonary Semilunar Valve to the Pulmonary Artery

Left Ventricle receives blood from the Left Atrium via the Bicuspid Valve (Atrioventricular Valve)

Left Ventricle pumps blood to the entire body via the Aortic Valve to the Aorta
Blood Flow through the Heart
Body --> Inferior and Superior Vena Cava (DO) --> Right Atrium (DO) --> Right Atrioventricular Valve (Tricuspid Valve) (DO) --> Right Ventricle (DO) --> Pulmonary Semilunar Valve (DO) --> Right and Left Pulmonary Arteries (DO) --> Right and Left Lungs (O) --> Right and Left Pulmonary Veins (O) --> Left Atrium (O) --> Left Atrioventricular Valve (Bicuspid Valve) (O) --> Left Ventricle (O) --> Aortic Valve (O) --> Aorta (O) --> Body
the heart lies in which body cavities
ventral
thoracic
mediastinum
pericardia
what membrane covers the heart
pericardium
what are some tests that monitor the heart's activity
pulse rate
blood pressure
EKG
echo cardiogram
angiogram