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647 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Buenos dias
Good Morning
Buenas tardes
Good Afternoon
Buenas noches
Good evening/night
Hasta la vista
See you later
Hasta pronto
See you soon
¿Cómo se llama usted?
What's your name? (formal)
Le presento a...
I would like to introduce ___ to you (formal)
Te presento a...
I would like to introduce ___ to you (familer)
nombre
name
¿Cómo estás?
How are you? (familer)
No muy bien
Not very well
¿Qué pasa?
What's happening?; Whats going on?
por favor
please
De nada
you're welcome
No hay de qué
you're welcome
Lo siento
I'm sorry
Muchas gracias
Thank you (very much), thanks a lot
Encantada
Pleased to meet you
Igualmente
likewise
De dónde es usted?
Where are you from
Soy de México
I'm from Mexico
¿Y usted?
And You? (formal)
¿Qué tal?
How's it going?
Regular
Okay
¿Y tú?
And You? familer
¿Qué hay de nuevo?
What's New?
éste es el señor Perales.
This is mr. perales
¿Cómo está usted?
How are you? (Formal)
Saludos a la señora Vargas
Say hello to Mrs. Vargos
Chau
Bye
Nos vemos mañana
See you tommrow
¿Cómo te llamas tú?
Whats your name? (familer)
Mucho gusto
Pleased to meet you
El gusto es mío.
The Pleasure is mine
¿De dóonde eres?
Where are you from?
Yo Soy
I'm
Me llamo
My name
¿Quién es...?
Who is..?
Aqui...soy yo
Here...that's me
Tú eres
You are
Si
Yes
¿Qué hora es?
What time is it?
Es la una
It's one o'clock
Son las dos
It's two o'clock
Son las diez y tres minutos
it's 10:03
Con permiso
Pardon me; Excuse me (to request permission)
Perdón
Pardon me; Excuse me. (to get someones attention or ask for forgiveness)
¡Todos a bordo!
All aboard
¡Buen Viaje!
Have a good trip!
Oye...
Listen
¿verdad?
True?
a
a
b
be
c
ce
d
de
e
e
f
efe
g
ge
h
hache
i
i
j
jota
k
ka,ca
l
ele
m
eme
n
ene
ñ
eñe
o
o
p
pe
q
cu
r
ere
rr
erre
s
ese
t
te
u
u
v
ve (ohh vey)
W
doble ve
x
equis
Y
I griega, ye
z
zeta, ceta
Ver es creer
Seeing is believing
En boca cerrada no entran moscas
Silence is golden
Masculine nouns ofen end in what four ways?
o, or, ma, s
Feminine nouns often end in what five ways?
a, ora, a, ción, dad
el
The (masculine)
la
The (feminine)
la mujer
the woman
What is unique about nouns that end in "ista"
The masculine and feminine forms are the same so the gender is indicated by el, or la. Joven (youth) and estudiante (student) are the same way.
el hombre
the man
el chico
the boy
el pasajero
the (male) passanger
la profesora
the female teacher
el cuaderno
the notebook
el diario
the diary
el diccionario
the dictionary
el número
the number
el video
the video
Nouns that refer to living things
often have a feminine AND masculine version
Nouns that refer to non living things
Normally only have one gender (example "el diario"-the diary, does not have a la form
el problema
the problem
el programa
the program
el autobús
the bus
el país
the country
la cosa
the think
la escuela
the school
la grabadora
the tape recorder
la maleta
the suitcase
la palabra
the word
la lección
the lesson
la conversación
the conversation
la nacionalidad
the nationality
la comunidad
the community
to make a noun that ends in a vowel plural...
add an s
to make a noun that ends in a consonant plural
add es
to make a noun that ends in a z plural
change the z to a c, then add es
If a noun has an accent at the end when you make it plural
drop the accent
Plural of el
Los
Plural of la
Las
Un
"a" masculine singular

a (one) passenger
Unos
"some" masculine plural

some passangers
una
"a" feminine singular

a (one) teacher
unas
"Some" Feminine plural

some pictures
You use indefinate articles (un, unos, una, unas) why
to refer to a, an, or some. You use indefinate articles to refer to unspecified persons or things
Femainine singular nouns that begin with a or ha require what?
the masculine articles el and un, this is done in order to avoid repetition of the a sound (for example el agua)
4
cuatro
7
siete
12
doce
13
trece
14
catorce
15
quince
16
dieciséis
17
diecisiete
18
dieciocho
19
diecinueve
20
veinte
When does uno change?
Before masculine nouns, uno shortens to un. Before feminine nouns, uno changes to una. "veintiún hombres", veintiuna mujeres.
¿Hay?
Is there?, are there?
To ask "how many" people or things there are...
use cuántos before masculine nouns and cuántas before feminine nouns.
¿Cuántos estudiantes hay?
How many studens are there?
no hay
there is not, there are not
Hay tres estudiantes en la foto
There are three students in the photo
Hay (without question makrs)
There is, there are
Whats uniqe about uno and veintiuno?
they are used when counting , they are also used when the number follows a noun, even if the noun is feminine "la lección uno"
The numbers 16-19 can also be written as three words
diez y seis, diez y siete...
Plus
Más
Minus
Menos
Equals
Es/son
I
Yo
You (familer)
You (formal)
usted (Ud.)
él
he
¿Hay?
Is there?, are there?
To ask "how many" people or things there are...
use cuántos before masculine nouns and cuántas before feminine nouns.
¿Cuántos estudiantes hay?
How many studens are there?
no hay
there is not, there are not
Hay tres estudiantes en la foto
There are three students in the photo
Hay (without question makrs)
There is, there are
Whats uniqe about uno and veintiuno?
they are used when counting , they are also used when the number follows a noun, even if the noun is feminine "la lección uno"
The numbers 16-19 can also be written as three words
diez y seis, diez y siete...
Plus
Más
Minus
Menos
Equals
Es/son
I
Yo
You (familer)
You (formal)
usted (Ud.)
él
he
ella
she
nosotros
we (masculine) PLURAL
nosotras
we (feminine) PLURAL
vosotros
you, you all (masc., fam) PLURAL
vosotras
You, you all (fem., fam) PLURAL
ustedes (Uds.)
You, you all (formal)
ellos
they (masc.)
ellas
they (fem.)
About "it"
There is no spanish equivalent of "it" generally it is not expressed in spanish- Es un problema=it's a problem, Es una computadora "it's a computer"
es
"it is"
es una/un
"it is a"
ser
"to be" but you must use the coorect form.
Yo Soy
I am
tú eres
you are (fam)
Ud./él/ella es
You are (form.); he/she is
Nosotros/as somos
we are
Uds./ellos/ellas son
you are; they are
Ser
to be
Forms of Ser (to be)
Yo Soy
Tue eres
ud./él/ella es
nosotros/as somos
Uds./ellos/ellas son
¿Quié es él?
Who is he?
¿Qué es?
What is it?
De
When de is followed by "el" the two combine and form "del" De does not contract with la, las, or los.
De
There is no Spanish equivalent of (noun)+'s (maite's) instead (noun)+de+(owner) example: el diario de Maite
¿De quién es?
Whose is it?
¿De quiénes son?
Whose are they?
Son las lápices de la chica
They are the girls pencils
Un/Una
Unlike English, Spanish does not use un/una after ser when referring to professions unless accompanied by an adjective/Description:
"Marta es profesora"
"Marta es una profesora excelente"
Yo soy estudiante
I am a student
¿Que hora es?
What time is it?
When telling time
Es+la with una, and son+las with all other hours
Es la una
It's one o'clock
Son las seis
It's six o'clock
Son las cuatro y cinco
It's 4:05
Son las tres menos diez
It's 10 til 3
Es la una menos cuarto
It's 15 till one
Son las doce
it's 12
To state at what time something takes place use a la(s)+ time
La clase es a las dos
"the class is at two o'clock"
en punto
on the dot/sharp (telling time)
es el mediodía
it's noon
Es la medianoche
it's midnight
de la mañana
in the morning
de la tarde
in the afternoon
de la noche
at night
la biblioteca
Library
la cafetería
cafeteria
la casa
house; home
el estadio
stadium
el laboratorio
laboratory
la librería
bookstore
la residencia estudiantil
dormitory
la universidad
university; college
el/la compañero/a de clase
classmate
el/la compañero/a de cuarto
roommate
la clase
class
el examen
test; exam
el horario
schedule
la prueba
test/quiz
el semestre
semester
la tarea
homework
el trimestre
trimester; quarter
la administración de empresas
business administration
el arte
art
la especialización
major
la biología
biology
las ciencias
sciences
la computación
computer science
la contabilidad
accounting
el curso
course
la economía
economics
el español
Spanish
la fisica
physics
la geografía
geography
la música
music
accents indicate what?
a higher voice
el reloj
clock
la ventana
window
el estudiante
student (M)
la puerta
door
la mesa
table
la profesora
teacher/professer (f)
el libro
book
la pluma
pen
la mochila
bookbag
el mapa
map
la pizarra
chalkboard
el papel
paper
el borrador
board eraser
la tiza
chalk
la papelera
wastebin
el escritorio
desk
la estudiante
student (f)
la silla
Chair
Las Materias
Courses
la historia
history
las humanidades
humanities
el inglés
English
las lenguas extranjeras
foreign languages
la literatura
literature
las matemáticas
mathematics
el periodismo
journalism
la psicologiá
psychology
la química
chemistry
la sociología
sociology
Lunes
Monday
Martes
Tuesday
miércoles
Wednesday
jueves
Thursday
viernes
Friday
sábado
Saturday
domingo
Sunday
days of the week
are not capitolized in spanish
Ayer fue
Yesterday was
Activities
Use el (day of the week) when an activity occurs on a specific day (like a test)and los (day of the week) when an activity occurs regularly (like classes on M/W)
Days of the week (singluar and plural) "Monday's and Wednesday's"
Except for sábados and domingos the singular and plural forms for the days of the week are the same
días
days
hora
hour
¿También tomas tú...?
are you also taking.....
Sí, me gusa mucho
Yes, I like it a lot.
¿Te gustan..?
do you like?
no, no me gustan
No, I don't like
How to pronounce a:
The letter a is pronounced like the a in father but shorter "clase", "nada"
How to pronounce e
The letter e is pronounced like the e in they, but shorter "el", "mesa"
how to pronounce i
the letter i sounds like the ee in beet but shorter "chica" Señorita"
how to pronounce o
the letter o is pronounced like the o in tone but shorter "hola", "con"
how to pronounce u
The letter u sounds like the oo in room, but shorter "uno", "gusto", Regular"
Hay
"there is", "there are"
-ar verbs
remove ar then replace with:
Yo- o
tú- as
Ud./él/ella- a
nosotros/as- amos
Uds./ellos/ellas- an

o, as, a, amos, an
-ar verbs
Remove -ar, replace with:

o, as, a, amos, an
estudiar
to study
comer
to eat
escribir
to write
bailar
to dance
buscar
to look for
caminar
to walk
cantar
to sing
cenar
to have dinner
comprar
to buy
contestar
to answer
conversar
to converse, to chat
desayunar
to have breakfest
descansar
to rest
desear (+inf.)
to desire; to wish
dibujar
to draw
enseñar
to teach
escuchar
to listen (to)
esperar (+inf.)
to wait (for); to hope
estudiar
to study
explicar
to explain
hablar
to talk; to speak
llegar
to arrive
llevar
to carry
mirar
to look (at); to watch
necesitar (+inf.)
to need
practicar
to practice
preguntar
to ask (a question)
preparar
to prepare
regresar
to return
terminar
to end; to finish
tomar
to take; to drink
trabajar
to work
viajar
to travel
-ar verbs again
drop ar
o, as, a, amos, an
Paco trabaja en la cafetería
can be all three of the following:
Paco works in the cafeteria
Paco is working in the cafeteria
Paco does work in the cafeteria
viaja
travel, as in "travels" "will travel", "is traveling" etc.
In spanish, as in English, when 2 verbs are used together with no change of subject, the 2nd verb is generally in the infinitive
"Deseo hablar con don Francisco"
"I want to speak with don Francisco"
Necesitamos comprar cuadernos
"We need to buy notebooks" notice how you don't need to use "Nosotros" just change the verb
Necesitamos comprar cuadernos
"We need to buy notebooks"
Don't need to change comprar because it's not a pronoun int he sentance
To make a sentance Negative in spanish, the word no is placed before the conjugated verb
Ellos no miran la television
They don't watch television

Alicia no desea bailar ahora
Alicia doesent want to dance now

(In thsi case no means "not")
¿Qué enseñan ellos?
What do they teach (subject pronoun used for clarification/contracst)
Yo no deseo trabjar hoy.
I don't want to work today (Subject pronoun for emphasis)
To form a question one way is to raise...
the pitch of your voice at the end of a declaritive sentance.
"Ustedes trabajan los sábados"
can be "You work on Saturdays, or Do you work on Saturdays"
To form a question invert..
the order of the subject and verb.
Ustedes trabajan "You work"
¿Trabajan ustedes? "Do you work"
to form a question
you can switch the subject and the verb. The verb can even be placed at the end.
to form a question
you can ad ¿verdad? or ¿no? at the end of a statement
¿Cómo?
How?
¿Cuál?, ¿Cuáles?
Which?; Which one(s)?
¿Cuándo?
When?
¿Qué?
What?; Which?
¿Dónde?
Where?
¿Adónde?
Where (to)?
¿De dónde?
From where?
¿Por Qué?
Why?
¿Cuánto/a?
How Much?
¿Cuántos/as?
How Many?
¿Quién?
Who?
¿Quiénes?
Who (plural)
¿Cuándo descansan ustedes?
When do you rest?
¿Dónde trabaja Ricardo?
Where does Ricardo work?
¿Qué clases tomas?
What classes are you taking.
¿Adónde caminamos?
Where are we walking?
No and Not
In spanish no can me no and not, when answering in a negative use no twice.
"No, no caminamous a la universidad"
No, we do not walk to the university
Estar
to be (currently/temporary)
Estar drop ar
yo estoy = I am
tú estás = you are (fam)
Ud./él/ella está = you are (form); he/she is
nosotros/as estamos = we are
Uds./ellos/ellas están= you (form) are; they are
Estar drop ar
(currently/temporary)
oy, ás, á, amos, án
al lado de
(often used with estar)
next to; beside
a la derecha de
to the right of
a la izquierda de
to the left of
en
in; on
cerca de
near
con
with
debajo de
below
delante de
in front of
detrás de
behind
encima de
on top of
entre
between; among
lejos de
far from
sin
without
sobre
on; over
treinta
30
cuarenta
40
cincuenta
50
sesenta
60
setenta
70
ochenta
80
noventa
90
cien, ciento
100
los abuelos
grandparents
el/la bisabuelo/a
great-grandfather/greatgrandmother
la familia
family
el/la gemelo/a
twin
el/la hermanastro/a
stepbrother/stepsister
el/la hijastro/a
stepson/stepdaughter
la madrastra
stepmother
el medio hermano/la media hermana
half brother/half sister
el padrastro
stepfather
los padres
parents
los parientes
relatives
el/la cuñado/a
brother in law/sister in law
la nuera
daughter in law
el/la suegro/a
father in law/mother in law
el yerno
son in law
el/la amigo/a
friend
el apellido
last name
la gente
people
el/la muchacho/a
boy/girl
el/la niño/a
child
el/la novio/a
boyfriend/girlfriend
la persona
person
el/la artista
artist
el/la ingeniero/a
engineer
el/la doctor(a)
doctor
el/la médico/a
physician
el/la periodista
journalist
el/la programador(a)
computer programmer
mi abuelo
my grandfather
mi (singular)
my
mis (plural)
my (plural)
mi abuela
my grandmother
mi tio
my uncle
hijo
son
mi tía
aunt
esposa
wife
mi prima
cousin (f)
hija
daughter
mi primo
cousin (m)
nieto
grandson
mi madre
mother
mi padre
father
esposo
husband
mi hermana
sister
mi sobrino
nephew
hermano
brother
mi sobrina
niece
nieta
granddaughter
tengo
I have
tienes
you have
tu
your (singular)
tus
your (plural)
¿Cuántos años tienes?
How old are you?
Vowels
In spanish a, e & o are considered strong vowels. I and u are weak
Adjectives are often used with which verb?
Ser
de
of
Adjectives that end in
o
Masculine Singular: o
Masculine Plural: os
Feminine Singular: a
Feminine Singular: as
Adjectives that end in
e or a consonent
Have the same masculine and feminine ending. to make plural add s (if ends in e) or es (if ends in consonant aka regular letter)
adjectives that end in
or
Masculine Singular: or
Masculine Plural: ores
Feminine Singular: ora
Feminine Singular: oras
alto
tall
antipático
unpleasant
bajo
short (in height)
bonito
pretty
bueno
good
delgado
thin;slender
difícil
hard; difficult
fácil
easy
feo
ugly
gordo
fat
grande
big; large
guapo
handsome/goodlooking
improtante
important
inteligente
intelligent
interesante
interesting
joven
young
malo
bad
mismo
same
moreno
brunette
mucho
much; many; a lot of
pelirrojo
red haired
pequeño
small
rubio
blonde
simpático
nice; likeable
tonto
silly;foolish
trabajador
hard working
viejo
old
alemán, alemana
German
canadiense
Canadian
chino
chinese
ecuatoriano
Ecuadorian
español
Spanish
estadounidense
from the U.S.
Francés, francesa
French
inglés, inglesa
English
italiano
Italian
japonés, japonesa
Japanese
mexicano
Mexican
norteamericano
(north) american
Puertorriqueño
Puerto Rican
Ruso
Russian
Nationality that ends in o
make feminine by turning o into a, plural by adding s to fem/masc form. Ex mexicana-> mexicanas
Adjectives that end in e
only have 2 forms singular and plural. e/es
Adjectives that end in consonant
become fem by adding a
Descriptive Adjectives
In general follow noun they modify:
La mujer espanñola habla inglés.
The spanish woman speaks english.
My
Singular: mi
Plural: mis
Your (fam)
Singular: tu
Plural: tus
his, her, it's, your (formal)
Singular: su
Plural: sus
Our
Singular: Nuestro/a
Plural: nuestros/as
their, your (form)
Singular: su
Plural: sus
msi primos
my cousins
nuestro
Should agree with the nouns they modify:
nuestro primo
nuestra tía
nuestras tías
Possessive Adjectives
Always placed BEFORE nouns they modify:
¿Está tu novio aquí?
Is your boyfriend here?
Because su and sus have multiple meanings (your, his, her , their...)
(article)+(noun)+de+(subject pronoun)

sus parientes=
los parientes de él/ella (his/her relative)
los parientes de ud./uds (your relative)
los parentes de ellos/ellas (their relatives)
-er verbs
Drop ER
and add
yo = o
tú = es
Ud./él/ella= e
nosotros/as = emos
Uds/ellos/ellas= en
-ER verbs
drop ER
o, es, e, emos, en
-ir verbs
o, es, e, imos, en
aprender
to learn
beber
to drink
comer
to eat
comprender
to understand
correr
to run
creer (en)
to believe (in)
deber (+inf.)
should; must; ought to
leer
to read
abrir
to open
asistir (a)
to attend
compartir
to share
decidir (+inf.)
to decide
describir
to describe
escribir
to write
recibir
to receive
vivir
to live
tener
to have
tener; to have
tengo, tienes, tiene, tenemos, tienen
to have
you tengo
tú tienes
Ud./él/ella tiene
nosotros/as tenemos
Uds./ellos/ellas tienen
Venir
to come
Venir: to come
vengo; vienes; viene; venimos; vienen
to come
yo vengo
tú vienes
Ud./él/ella viene
nosotros/as venimos
Uds./ellos/ellas vienen
tener...años
to be.....years old
tener (mucho) calor
to be (very) hot
tener (mucho) cuidado
to be (very)careful
tener (mucho) frío
to be (very) cold
tener (mucha) hambre
to be (very) hungry
tener (mucho) miedo (de)
to be (very) afraid/scared (of)
tenar (mucha) prisa
to be in a (big) hurry
tener razón
to be wrong
no tener razón
to be wrong
tener (mucha) sed
to be (very) thirsty
tener (mucho) sueño
to be (very) sleepy
tener (mucha) suerte
to be (very) lucky
Construction of tener
Expressing "to be"
tener + noun
Ex: ¿Tienen hambre ustedes?
Are you hungry?
Construction of tener
"Expressing an oblication)
tener que (to have to) + infinitive
Ex: Tengo que estudiar biología
I have to study biology
Construction of tener
Expressing when you feel like doing something
tener ganas de (to feel like)+infinitive
Ex: ¿Tienes ganas de comer?
Do you feel like eating?
No, tengo ganas de dormir.
No, I feel like sleeping
el béisbol
baseball
el ciclismo
cycling
el esquí (acuático)
(water) skiing
el fútbol americano
football
el golf
golf
el hockey
hockey
la natación
swimming
el tenis
tennis
el vóleibol
volleyball
el equipo
team
el/la excursionista
hiker
el parque
park
el partido
game; match
la plaza
city or town square
andar en patineta
to skateboard
bucear
to scuba dive
escalar montañas
to climb mountains
esquiar
to ski
ganar
to win
ir de excursión
(a las montañas)
to go on a hike
(in the mountains)
practicar deportes (m.pl.)
to play sports
ser aficionado/a (a)
to be a fan (of)
escribir una carta/
un mensaje electrónico/
una tarjeta (postal)
to write a letter/
an e-mail message/
a postcard
leer correo electrónico
to read e-mail
leer una revista
to read a magazine
deportivo/a
sports-related
Lee el periódico (leer)
to read the newspaper
la pelota
ball
el fútbol
soccar
la jugadora
the player
Visitar el monumento
visiting a monument
Pasear en bicicleta
riding a bike/to ride a bike
Pasea
to take a walk
Tomar el sol.
to bathe in the sun
Nadar
to swim
Patinar en línea
to skate in line
la piscina
the swimming pool
el baloncesto
the basketball
la diversión
fun activity; entertainment; recreation
el fin de semana
weekend
el pasatiempo
past time; hobby
los ratos libres
spare (free) time
el tiempo libre
free time
la iglesia
church
el lugar
place
pasar tiempo
to spend time
pasear por la ciudad/el pueblo
to walk around the city/the town
ver películas (f. plural)
to see movies
favorito/a
favorite
ir (to go)
voy, vas, va, vamos, van
a
to
Ir with a + el=
al
this is for el only
Ir + a + infinito=
expression
Voy al parque con Juan
I'm going to the park with Juan
Los excursionistas van a las montañas.
The hikers are going the the mountains
Ir a + inifnitive is used...
to talk about actions that are going to happen. Ex: "To be going to + Infinitive"
Va a leer el periódico
He is going to read the news paper
Vamos a + infinitive can express the idea of "let's (do something)
Vamos a pasear: Lets take a stroll
!Vamos a ver! Let's see
Remember Adónde vs. Dónde
Remember to use Adónde instead of Dónde when asking a question that contains ir
¿Adónde vas?
Where are you going?
Remember! To avoid repetition
drop subject pronouns such as tú, nosotros when they are the subject of a sentance
Stem changing verbs
(e-->ie)
Drop last two
o, as, a, amos, an
replace e in with ie
Ex: empezar= yo empiezo
!middle of nosotros/as stays the same!
empezar
to begin
Stem changing verbs
(o--->ue)
drop last two
o, es, e, emos, en
replace o with ue
Ex: volver= yo vuelvo
!middle of nosotros/as stays the same!
e:ie verbs
cerrar
comenzar
empezar
entender
pensar
perder
preferir
querer
cerrar
to close
comenzar (a+inf)
to begin
empezar (a+inf)
to begin
entender
to understand
pensar (+inf)
to think
perder
to lose; to miss
preferir (+inf)
to prefer
querer (+inf)
to want; to love
O:ou Stem changing verbs
almorzar
contar
dormir
encontrar
mostrar
poder (+inf)
recordar
volver
almorzar
to have lunch
contar
to count; to tell
dormir
to sleep
encontrar
to find
mostrar
to show
poder (+inf)
to be able; can
recordar
to remember
volver
to return
Jugar
u:ue stem change
a+defnite article when the name of a sport is mentioned
"Alex y el joven juegan al fútbol"
Comenzar, empezar
require preposition a when followed by infinitive
Comienzan a jugar a las siete
They begin playing at seven
Pensar +infinitive
Means to plan/indent to do something
¿Piensan ir al gimnasio?
Are you planning to go to the gym?
Pensar en means to think about something/someone
¿En qué piensas?
What are you thinking about?
Perder
can mean to lose or to miss in the sense of miss a train
Stem changing verbs
(e--->i)
Drop last two
o, es, e, imos, en
make e an i (exept for nosotros)
Pedir
to ask for; to request
preguntar vs Pedir
Preguntar means to ask a question, pedir means to ask for something
decir la verdad
to tell the truth
decir mentiras
to tell lies
decir que
to say that
decir la respuesta
to say the answer
e:i stem changing verbs
conseguir
decir
repetir
seguir
Seguir & Conseguir
Yo forms only:
drop uir
conseguir
to get; to obtain
decir
to say; to tell
repetir
to repeat
seguir
to follow; to continue; to keep (doing something)
Verbs with irregular yo forms
hacer
poner
salir
suponer
traer
Verbs with irregular yo
yo: drop last two add go
(except traer=traigo)
tú: drop last two add es
él: drop last two add e
Nosotros: drop last 2 add emos
excempt salimos
Ellos: drop last 2 add en
Poner can also mean "to turn on" a household appliance
carlos pone la radio
carlos turns on the radio
hacer
to do; to make
poner
to put; to place
salir
to leave
suponer
to suppose
traer
to bring
salir de
Used to indicate someone is leaving a place
Hoy salgo del hospital
Today I leave the hospital
Salir para
Used to indicate someones destination
Mañana Salgo para México
Tommrow I leave for mexico
Salir con
means to leave with someone or something or to date someone
Alberto sale con su mochila
Alberto is leaving with his backpack
Margarita sale con Sam
Margarita is going out with Sam
Ver
to see
ver: to see
veo, ves, ve, vemos, ven
Oír
to hear
Oír: to hear
(i--->y)
oigo; oyes; oye; oímos; oyen